Albert Einstein

(Albert Einstein biography in hindi)

 
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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein List

 
  1. The World as I See It By Albert Einstein
  2. Relativity the special and the general theory By albert einstein
  3. Ideas and opinions by albert einstein
  4. Out of my later years By albert einstein
  5. the evolution of physics by albert einstein
  6. Autobiographical notes by albert einstein
  7. The meaning of relativity by albert einstein
  8. The principle of relativity by albert einstein
  9. cosmic religion with other opinions and aphorisms By albert einstein
  10. Essays in humanism by albert einstein
  11. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein by albert einstein
  12. The Quotable Einstein by albert einstein
  13. Sidelights on Relativity by albert einstein
  14. Essays In Science by albert einstein
  15. Einstein on peace by albert einstein
  16. The Born-Einstein Letters by albert einstein
  17. Why War? by albert einstein
  18. Investigations on the theory of the brownian movement by albert einstein
  19. Bite-size Einstein by albert einstein
  20. Letters to Solovine by albert einstein
  21. Albert Einstein/Mileva Maric´ - the by albert einstein
  22. The New Quotable Einstein by albert einstein
  23. Einstein on Politics: His Private by albert einstein
  24. A Stubbornly Persistent Illusion by albert einstein
  25. The Expanded Quotable Einstein by albert einstein
  26. The Cosmic View of Albert Einstein by albert einstein
  27. Essential Einstein by albert einstein
  28. Ultimate Einstein by albert einstein
  29. einstein's theory of relativity space time by albert einstein
  30. Einstein Notebook by albert einstein
  31. Einstein's Violin: A Conductor's Notes on by albert einstein

The great scientist of 20th century and a person with gorgeous mind and personality known as Albert Einstein. He was born in Alam a city of Germany in the year 1879. He completed. In 1900, he got the nationality of Switzerland. He completed his education of docterate From Zurich University in 1905 but urgently he didn’t get any job. At the same year he issued many articles about particular relativity, Photon and Brownian movement. These articles, specially article about particular relativity standed Einstein’s in between the most intelligent scientist of the whole world. After that all in 1913 he got job as a professor in Berlin University. After few time he became the director of institute of physics”. And a member of Persian academy of science”. The following post increased his confidence to do research on his favorite topics. The basic or main reason of Einstein’s famous city is his idea logy about “Relativity” which consist on two idea first idea appeared in 1905 which is particular relativity and the another one appeared in 1915 which is known as “Einstein” Idea Logy of force of gravity in easy words, both of two ideologies were very tipical. No doubt idea logy of particular relativity is the main reason of his famouscity but there are many other things which made him famous. He got noble prize about his ideology of “Electric Effects produce by Light”. He also got Noble Prize due to idea logy of particular relativity in 1921. After the he known as the most greatest scientist. Of the world. Einstein always got interested around him all over the world, and discussed about scientific things with out any hesitation. He married two times. He had two sons he played very well with violin. He died on the year 1955 in Princeton. In this page you will find and read albert einstein discoveries list.

Albert Einstein Height: 1.75m

Albert Einstein wife name: Elsa Einstein

Albert Einstein children: Eduard Einstein (Son), Hans Albert Einstein (Son) & Lieserl Einstein ( Daughter)

Einstein 1879 me germany me “alam” shehar me paida hua. Soizerland me us ne metric kya. 1900 me wo is shehar ka shehari ban gya. Zeurach university se 1905 me us ne doctor ki degree hasil ki. Tahum fori tor pr wo jama me koi mulazimat hasil nahi kae sak.usi bars us ne khasosi izafiyat roshni se paida hone wale barqyati asarat or braonen harkat ke nazarya pr maqalat shaa karwae. Agle chand barso me in maqalat ne khas kar izafiyat pr maqale se use dunya ke intehai zahen or fatin scientist ki wasf me la khara kya. Us ke nazaryat intehai mutanaza the drawn ke siwa kisi dosre scientist ke nazaryat pr is qadar tanazat paida nahi hue. Is ke bawajud 1913 me use berlan university me parhan ki nokri mil gai. Bas thore hi arse me wo “kesroleham institute of physic” ka director or “proshen acedmy of science” ka karkun ban gya. In ohdon ne use apni pasand ke mozoat pr tehqiq karne ke lye fragat di.

German hakomat ke bad azan Einstein ko is qadar frakhad la na peshkash karne pr pachtawa nahi hua q k faqat agle do barson me wo izafiyat ka amli nazarya wzah karne me kamyab ho gya. 1921 me use nobel inam mila. Apni baqya nasf zindagi ke doran Einstein ko alam gir shohrat hasil hui. Wo dunya ka sab se maqbol scientist tasawer kya jata hai.

Einstein yahodi tha hitler ke barsar iqdar ate hi germany me us ka idara zere atab agya. 1933 me wo new gersy,prinstan muntaqil ho gya or “institute of advanced study” me kaam karne laga. 1940 me use americi sheharyat hasil hui. Einstein ki pehli shadi tlaq pr mantaj hui. Dosri shadi albata khushgawar rahi. Us ke do larke the. Wo1955 me prinstan me wafat hua.

20th sadi ka azim scientist or tarikh alam me aala khudadad johar ke hamil insan albert Einstein ki waja shohrat us ka nazarya izafiyat hai. fil asal ye do nazaryat pr mushtamil nazarya hai. izafiyat ka khas nazarya jo 1905 me wzah hua or izafiyat ka amomi nazarya jo 1915 me manzre aam pr aya. Jise zyada behtar alfaz ne Einstein ka kashish saqal bhi kaha ja sakta hai. dono nazaryat nehayat pechida hain. Use yahan bil tafsil bayan karne ki sai se gurez kya jae gatahum chand aham nikat darj zel hain.

Ek marof makola ye hai k “ har she izafi hai”. tahum Einstein ka nazarya is falsufyana farsoda khyal ka aada nahi hai balke ye us tariqa kar se mutaliq ek wazah riyaziyati bayan hai jis me scienci pemaishen izafi ho jati hain. Ye wazah hai k zaman or makan ke mozoi midkat ka inhesar mushahida (observation) ki kefiyat pr hai. Einstein se pehle beshtar logon ka khyal tha k in mozoi tasirat ke ps pasht haqiqi absad (distance) or zaman mutliq (absolute time) mojud hai jise durst tarin alat se marozi tor pr napa ja sakta hai. Einstein ke nazarye ne zaman mutliq ke wajud se istard ki sorat me scienci fikar me inkelab barpa kya. Darj zel missal is amar pr roshni dale gi k us ke nazarye ne kis shidat ke sath zaman or makan se mutaliq hamare nazaryat me tramim ki hain.

Ek khalai jahaz maslan “khalai jahaz x” ka tasawer karen jo ek lakh kilometer per second ki raftar se zamin se buland hota hai. is raftar ki pemaish khalai jahaz or zamin pr mojud mabsirin ne ki hai isi pr wo mutafiq bhi hain. Is doran me ek dosra “khalai jahaz y” awal azkir jahaz hi ki taraf parwaz karta hai lekin us ki raftar kahin sarih hai. agar zamin pr mojud mabsirin “y” ki raftar ki pemaish karen to unhen malom hoga k ye zamin se 1,80,000 kilometer per second ki raftar se dor ho raha hai. khalai jahaz ke mabsirin bhi isi natije pr pohnche ge.

Dono khalai jahaz ek hi axis ki simt me parwaz hain. Is se ye andaza hoga k in ki raftaron me imteyaz 80,000 kilometer per second hai or ye k sarial raftar khalai jahan is shara se sust roh jahaz se aage hai.

Einstein ka nazarya ye peshangoi karta hai k jab dono jahazon se pemaish ki jaen gi to dono jahazon ke mubsirin mutafiq arae honge k in ke maben fasla 1,00,000 kilometer per second ki shrah se barh raha hai na k 80,000 kilometer per second ki raftar se.   

Is sorate hal ke paishe nazar aesa natija mazhak malom hoga. Qari ko tashwish hogi k yahan kisi lafzi karishma sazi ka muzaira kya ja raha hai. ya ye k kisi khas tarz ki tafsilat ko sehwan hazf kar dya gya hai. halanke aesi koi bat nahi hai. is natija ka khalai jahazon ki hesiti tafsilat ya unhen aage thelne wali qowaton se bhi koi taluq nahi hai. na hi ye mushahide ki khami ke sabab se hai or na hi pemaish karne wale alat hi me koi nuqs hai. koi shobdah bazi nahi dikhai gai. Einstein ke mutabiq ye natija (jise raftaron ki tarkib bandi ke us ke kale ke tahat foran akhaz kya ja sakta hai) zaman or makan ki bunyadi fitrat ke tehat akhaz hua hai.

Ye sara qazya intehai nazaryati malom hota hai or bilashuba logon ki ek tadad nazarya izafiyat ko ek tarha ki khwabon ki takhil aria se tabir kar ke rad kar den k is ka koi amli afadiyat nahi hai. bilashuba kisi ne 1945 se ab tak jab heroshema or naga saki pr atom bom girae gae aesi koi galti nahi ki. Einstein ke nazarya izafiyat ke nataij me se ek natija ye hai k mada or tawanai ek khas hawale se mumasil hain un ke bich taluq ko is equation “E= Mc” ke zarye bayan kya jata hai. is me E tawanai ka numainda hai “M” se murad brabar fasla hai or “C” roshni ki raftar ki numaindagi karta hi jabke “C2” jo 186, 000 mil per second ke brabar hai ek bari miqdar hai jabke C (yani C ko dobara zarb di jae) waqiyatan ek boht bari miqdar ban jati hai. is se ye natija akhaz kya ja sakta hai k made ki miqdar me mamoli si tabdili bhi tawanai ki be baha miqdar ke akhraj ka sabab banti hai.

Koi shakhs faqat “E=MC2” ke equation ko baroe kar la kar atom bom tayar nahi kar sakta. Ye bat zehan nashin kar leni chahye k mutadid afrad ne atomi tawanai ki taraqi me aham kirdar ada kya. Tahum Einstein ke izafe gran qadar hain. 1939 me americi sadar rozvel ko us ne ek khat likha tha jis me us ne atomi hathyaron ki tayari ka mansoba dya tha or ye mashwara dya tha k is se qabal k german aesa kar guzren america ko paish qadmi kar leni chahye. isi tajwiz ke natije me “ man hatan mansoba” wajud me aya or awalin atom bom ki tayari ke silsile me paish raft hui.

Khasosi izafiyat (particular relativity) ne garma garan mubahis ko tehrik di. Ek nuqta pr albata sabhi mutafiq the k ye zehan ko chakra dene wala scienci nazarya tha jis ki nazir puri insani tarikh me mojud nahi thi. Isi lye is se mutaliq galat fehmion ki tadad bhi kam nahi thi. Einstein kke lye izafiyat ka amomi nazarya ek nuqtae agaz ki hesiyat se is amar ko chose karta hai k kashish saqal ke asarat mukhtalif tibi qowaton ke bais nahi hain jesa amoman farz kya jata hai balke ye khla ki khamidgi ka natija hain. Ye ek srasar herat kun tasawer tha.

Akhir khla ki khmidgi ko kese napa ja sakta hai? ye kehne se kya murad ho gi k khla khmina hai? Einstein ne na sirf aesa nazarya paish kya bakle us ne ise wazah riyazyati sorat me bayan kya. Jis ki madad se ben paishan goian ki ja sakti hain or is mafroze ki sehat ko jancha ja sakta hai. mazid mushahidat ne jin me se sab se shandar mushahida suraj garhan ke waqt kye gae the Einstein ki is riyazyati equation ko durst sabit kya.

Izafiyat ka amomi nazarya mutadad hawalon se digar tamam scienci qawanin se mumtaz theharta hai. awal Einstein ne apna nazarya mohtat tajurbat ki bunyad pr wzah nahi kya balke tanasub or riyazyat ki taqat se akhaz kya hai. yani aqli bunyadon pr jesa unani falsafa or azmun wasti ke ahel ilm ka watera tha (aesa karte hue us ne jadid science ki bunyadi tajurbati ahalyat ko rad kya). Lekin jahan khob sorti or tanasub ki khoj me unanion ne kabhi ek mechanici nazarya wzah nahi kya jo tajurba ki sakht parkh se gehan zada na ho pae. Einstein ka nazarya har taraf ki azmaish pr pura utarta. Einstein ke nuqtae nazar ka natija ye hai k izafiyat ke amomi nazaya ko tamam scienci nazaryat me se intehai khob sorat, shandar, thos or aqla qabile itminan tasawer kya jata hai.

Izafiyat ke amomi nazarya ki fazilat ek or hawale se bhi hai. beshtar digar scienci qawanin zyada se zyada jaiz hi qarar pate hain or tamam sorate ahwal me to nahi chand ek me hi durst sabit hote hain jahan tak hamen ilm hai. izafiyat ke amomi nazarya me mastashniyat ka koi dakhal nahi hai. koi aesi sorate hal nahi hai jo nazaryati satah pr ho ya tajurbati satah pr, k jis me amomi izafiyat ki peshan goian bas karib karib hi jaiz ho. Mustaqbil me ki jane wali azmaish is nazarya ki dursti ka zyada behtar andaz me jaiza le saken gi. Lekin jahan izafiyat ka amomi nazarya sach ke hawale se aesi karib tarin qayas arai hai jis se aage science hanoz paish qadmi nahi kar saki.

Agarcha Einstein ki waha shohrat izafiyat ke nazaryat hi hain, us ke digar scienci nazaryat neb hi us ko maqboliyat dawam ata ki. Einstein ko roshni se paida hone wale barqyati asarat pr apne wazahti maqale pr physic me nobel inam mila. Ye ek aham mazhar hai jis ne physician ko shidat se uljhae rakha tha. Is maqale me us ne “ photon” ya roshni ke ajzae tarkibi ke wajud ka mafroza paish kya. Ye bat tajurbat ki roh se arsa se the shuda thi k roshni barqyati maqnatisi rays pr mabni hoti hai. or amar wazah tha k ye lehren or ajzae tarkibi bahan mutanaqis hain.

Einstein ke mafrozat ne is classici nazarye ko buri tarha rad kar dya. Na sirf us ka roshni ka qanon amli tor pr boht kamyab asabit hua balke us ke “photon” ke mafroza ne nazarya maqader barqyat pr bhi ghehre asarat muratab kye aaj ye us nazarta ka ek aham jazo hai.

Einstein ki qadro qimat ka jaiza lete hue aizk newton ke sath us ka mawazna fikar angez hai. Newton ke nazaryat nasbatan zyad sehal alfeham hain. Dosri janib Einstein izafiyat ke nazaryat khase saqil hain. Chahe unhen kisi qadar srahat se bayan kya jae. Is se kahin zyada in ka itlaq hai jabke newton ke chand nazaryat to us ke dor ke mutadid maroj nazaryat se mutazad hain is ke bawajud us ke nazaryat mustaqim bilzat hain. Dosri janib nazarya izafiyat mutanaqzat se mamlo hai. ye Einstein ki fatanat ke sabab hai k ibtada hi me jab us ke nazaryat ek nojawan ke kham mafrozat ki sorat me the, us ne kabhi in tanaqzat ki bina pr apne nazaryat ko barkhast nhi kya. Us ne gor or goz ka silsila jari rakha hata k wo e sabit karne me kamyab ho gya k ye tanaqzat zahiri tor pr hi mojud hain. Or ye k har missal me is tanaqaz ko hal karne ka ek pechida magar durst tariqa kar bhi mojud hai.

beshtar misalon me mutadid logo ne kisi ek aham tasawer me hi gran qadar izafe kye. Jesa k ishterakiyat pasandi ya barqyat or maqnatisiyat ke nazarya ki tarikh ki misalon me dekha ja sakta hai. agar cha nazarya izafiyat ki ejad ke lye tamam tar sehra Einstein ke sar hi nahi bandhta tahum us ka hisa behre tor sab se zyada hai. ye kehna baja hoga k jesa hum ne digar aham nazaryat ki misalon me farz kya hai is nazarya ke lye bhi hum sirf ek hi fatin insan ko asal zimedar qarar de sakte hain.

Einstein hamesha se apne irdgir dunya me ghehri dilchaspi leta tha or siyasi amor pr belag tabsira karta tha. Wo siyasi amoriyat ke sakht khilaf tha, wo ek sulah jo insan “ziomat” ka pur josh perokar tha. Libas or samaji rasom ke mamle me wo infradiyat pasand tha. Us me ala darje ki husan mazah thi, wo voiline hi umdah bajata tha. Newton ke kutba pr likhi tehrir zyada behtar tor pr Einstein pr muntabaq hoti hai.

“fani insanon ko jashane musarat manana chahye k us jesi payan zenat noh insani ko muyasar rahi”.
 
Albert Einstein biography in hindi
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Albert Einstein Inventions List

  1. Quantum Theory of Light
  2. E=mc2  nuclear energy
  3. Brownian Movement
  4. Special Theory of Relativity
  5. General Theory of Relativity
  6. Manhattan Project
  7. Einstein’s Refrigerator 
  8. Sky is Blue