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Alexander Fleming was born in 6 August 1881; he was one of the famous biologist of his time. And he was first one who told us about enzyme lysozyme. He also worked in the field of medicine due to his contribution Alexander Fleming got noble prize in 1945; he was died on 11 March 1955. In this page you will find and read Alexander Fleming biography in Urdu Hindi and Roman Urdu.

Alexander Fleming

(Alexander Fleming Biodata)

 

Birth Date : 6th August 1881

Death Date : 11th March 1955

Penicillin ka daryaft kananda fleming scotland ke shehar lok fielf me 1881 me paida hua. London me “madical school of sent meriz hospital” se graduation karne ke bad fleming ilm mahanat (immuno logical) tehqiqat me masrof ho gya. Bad azan jange azim awal ke doran foji malij ki hesiyat se us ne mutadidi zakhmon pr tehqiq ki. Us ne malom kya k mutadid grasim kash adoyat jarsomon ki nasbat jism ke khalion ko zyada majroh karti hain. Zarorat is amar ki thi k koi aesa dawa ho jo bacteria ko to mar dale magar insani khalion ko gazand na pohnchae.
Jang ke bad fleming “sent meriz hospital” wapas aya 1922 me apne tehqiqi kam ke doran us ne ek ansar daryaft kya jise us ne “laisozym” ka nam dya. Har mada insani jism me hi paida hota hai or ansuon or balgum me bhi shamil hota hai. ye insani khalion ke lye nuqsandah nahi hai. ye khas jarsimon ko mar deta hai lekin badqismati se in jarsomon ke lye zyada muzar rasan nahi tha jo insan ko shadid nuqsan pohnchate the. Ye daryaft agarcha dilchasp thi magar zyada ahmiyat ikhtayar nahi kar saki.
1928 me fleming ne azim daryaft ki. (us ki tajurba gah ke makrob anbi becteria ki paida awari khuli hawa me ayan ho gai. Jis me sanche ki fiza ko aloda kar dya) fleming ne dekha k sancha ke irdgird paidawari ke elaqa me becteria ka khatma ho gya. Wo is natija pr pohncha k sancha me aesa mawad paida hua jo makrob anbi bacteria (staphlococcus bacteria) ke lye mohlik tha. Wo jald hi ye sabit karne ke qabil ho gya k aesa hi mawad kai dosri tarha ke muzarat rasan bacteria ki mashonuma ko bhi rokta tha penicillin rakha. Ye insani jism or janwaron ke lye nuqsandah nahi tha.
Fleming ki tehqiq ke nataij 1929 me shaa hue. Tahum use zyada awami tawaja hasil nahi ho saki. Fleming ka khayal tha k penicillin ki tibi maqasad ke lye istamal kya ja sakta hai. tahum wo khud penicillin ko saf karne ka tariqa kar daryaft nahi kar saka. Natijatan agle 10 baras ye shandar dawa zere istamal na aai.
Akhir 1930 me wo tibi mohqiqin hawerd walter flore or arnst bors chaina ne fleming ka mazmon parha. Unhon ne us ki tehqiqat ki bunyad pr kaam shuru kya or us ke nataij ki tosiq ki. Unhon ne penicillin ko mathar kya. Or use tajurba gah ke janwaron pr azmaya. 1941 me unhon ne use chand marizon pr azmaya. Is tajuba se wazah tor pr sabit ho gya k ye nayi dawa intehai zod asar thi.
Bartanwi or americi hakumaton ki hila sheri ke bad dawa saz idaron ne is pr kaam karna shuru kya or jald hi bari miqdar me penicillin tayar karne ka tariqa daryaft kar lya. Pehle pehal penmciline ko sirf jangi zakhmion ke lye hi mehdod rakha gya. Tahum 1944 tak ye america or bartania me aam marizon ke lye istamal hone lagi. 1945 me jab jang khatam hui penicillin ka istamal dunya bhar me phel gya.
penicillin ki daryaft ne digar jrasim kash adoyat ki daryaft ke kaam ko tehrik di. Ye tehqiqat mutadid mojazati adoyat ki daryaft pr muntaj hui. Tahum penicillin in me sab se zyada istamal hone wali jrasimkash dawa thi. penicillin ka ek faida ye bhi hai k ye istamal me boht mehfoz hai. penicillin ki 50,000 unite jitni miqdar, chand mutadidi amraz ke lye mosar. Tahum penicillin ke 100 million unite jitni miqdar ke tike har roz lagae gae or is se munfi asarat paida nahi hue. Han khas logon ko penicillin se ilargy ho jati hai. jabke logon ki aksaryat is ko aetamad or ahsas tehafuz ke sath istamal kar sakti hai.
penicillin ne lakhon afrad ki zindagian bachai hain. Mustaqbil me bhi log is se mustafiod hon ge. Logon ki kam tadad hi fleming ki is aham ejad se shaki hai.

Fleming ka ek hi bacha tha. 1945 m use is daryaft pr nobel inam ( nobel prize) mila. Jise flore or chin me bhi taqsim kya gya. 1955 me wo fot hua.