ALLAMA INAYATULLAH KHAN MASHRIQi

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Allama Inayatullah Khan Mashriqi

 

Allama inayatullah khan mashriqi was born on 25 august 1888 in Amritsar, Punjab British India and expired on 27 August 1963 in Lahore Punjab Pakistan at the age of 75. He was known as a mathematician, Islamic scholar and politision. In this page you will find and read Allama Inayatullah Khan Mashriqi biography in Urdu Hindi and Roman.

Birth Date : 25 august 1888
Death Date : 27 August 1963

Allama inayatullah khan mashriqi: 75

 

Introduction

Alama enayat ullah khan masraqi khaksar tehreeq ke bani, mumtaz alam deen, musanif, iskalar aur danishwar thay.wo 25 august 1888 ko amritsar mein paida howay. in ke walid khan ata muhummad ke raise aur sahab tasnif buzurg thay. zook, ghalab, sir syed ahmed khan,jamal uddin afghani aur nawab loharo de in ke dostana talloqat thay.

Education

allama masraqi ko ibtehda hi se almi mahool meyassar aaya. intermediate tak taleem amritsar hi mein hasil ki. is ke bad lahore aay aur 1904 mein F.C. college se B.A. ki digree hasil ki. in ke profeser s.n. daas ne kaha: "main ne riyazi mein in se mahir aur zirk talib alim nahi dekha." inho 18 barsh ki umar mein panjab university se riyazi ka imtaihaan baray imtaiz ke sath pass kiya aur subai bhar mein aowal aay. is qabil rask kamiyabi ne in ke gheer mamoli zahanat ke dhaak poray mulk mein bethadi.inhy kai aala ohdo daro ke paish kash hoi laikin tehsil alim ke shooq mein englistan rawana
ho gaye. 1902 mein Cambridge ke karaist college mein dakhla liya aur pehly hi saal mein aak mukably ke imtaihan mein aowal aa kar 70 pound wazifa aur "foundation iskalar" ka ezaaz hasil kiya. allama enayat ullah al masraqi ne 1909 mein riyazi ka imtaihaan try posh(anarz) 3 saal ke bajaye 2 saal mein pass kiya aur is imtaihaan mein bhi aowal rahy aur "ranglar"  ka khitaab hasil kiya. "ranglar" ka khitaab hasil kar ne walo ki tadaad aak darzon se zada nahi thi. kambrejh univercity ne inhy is kamyabi par aak aur wazifa diya aur "bachelor iskalar" kehlaye. 2 saal bad try posh (aners) ke 2 aur imtaihaan pass kiye. is ke bad B.L.O. (al sana sharqia) ka try posh darja aowal mein aur ailm tabiyaat ki digree aaners ke sath hasil ki aur college mein aowal rahy. 1912 mein machanical seince try posh (engineering) mein bhi imtaiz ke sath kamyabi hasil ki. Englishtan ke motehad akhbaraat ne aalama ki gheer mamuli salahiato ka itairaaf kiya aur in ke halaat zindagi shaya kiye. In akhbaraat mein “daily mar” daily crenical” west minister garzt aur camberege daily samil thay.

As a Political person

Englishtan mein qayaam ke doraan boland paya jaraid ke sayasi nigaar bhi rahy. 1912 mein wapsi aay to aak riyasat ke maharaja ne inhy wazarat ke paish kash ki. Laikin inho ne esay qabool na kiya albatta governer subah sarhad sarjan roosh kaybal ki tehreeq par islamia college Peshawar ka voice principal ban na qabool kiya. In ka maqsad yai tha ke wo is tarah islam ki khidmat kar saky gay. 1912 tak is munsib par faeeis rahy. Bad aza aak saal tak principal ki hehsiat se farisz sar anjaam diye. 1912 mein hukomat hind ne allama masraqi ko undia education service mein ly liya aur in ki taqreeri markazi hukomat under sectary ki hehsiat se amal mein aai. 1920 tak is ohdy par faisz rahy. Indian education service mein aak hazar rupay mahana par mustaqil ohdah de kar peshawer bheja gaya. Is se qabal kisi Hindustani ko yai mansab nahi mila tha. Is hehsiat mein principal trannig wagairah ke ohde daro par kaam karty rahy. Allama masraqi ne subah sarhad ke sarkari talimi edaro mein hukomat ki mukhalift ki bawajood qarani taleem ka azzah kiya. 1924 mein tehreeq khilafat aur congreez ki tehreeq tark mowalat ka anjaam dekh kar apni shahra afaq kitaab “taskarah” leekhi. Jis ke zarye musalmano ko jinjhor ne ki kosis ki gai. 1924 se 1931 tak tasnif o talif mein masroof rahy aur amli o siyasi mosoat par kai kitaabe leekhi. 1932 mein sarkari molazmat tark kar ke khaksar tehreeq ki bunyad rakhi. Yai neem siyasi aur neem askari tanzeem pory barsagir mein bohat jald maqbool ho gai. Allama masraqi apni zindagi mein 8 martabah giraftar howay aur majmoi tor par 10 saal qaid o band ki sobatay bardast kiye. Allama masraqi apnay ilm o fazal ke lihaaz se musalman rehnomao mein mumtaz moqam ke hamil thay. Ta hum in ki waja shorat ki qaeem ki hoi tanzeem khaksar tehreeq thi. Khaksar tehreeq ke zarye allama masraqi ne taleem yafta nojawano samit zindagi me mukhtalif shobo se talloq rakh ne waly musalmano ko aak zamane bohat mutassir kiya. Sadgi, naaz o zaabt aur apne rehnomao ki farma bardari tamaam khaksar ki ahham khososiat rahi. Allama masraqi ke tehreeq se chandan kamyab na rahi magar istakamat, qurbani, aur angreez dusmani ke jasbe se takkar le ne se gareez na kiya. 19 march 1940 ko Lahore mein khaksar ne jis be jigri ke sath angreez hokomat ke wehsiyana fairing ka mukabla kiya aur apni zindagio ka nazrana paish kiya wo humahri amli tareeq ka aak yaadgar waqiya hai. Allama masraqi boland paya danishwar aur rehnoma ho ne ke sath sath sahib tarz adeep bhi thay.
Books
Aap ki masoor o maroof tasaneef darj zail hain:
1- TAZKARAH
Yai allama masraqi ki shara afaq tasneef hai. Is kitaab mein inho ne musalmanp lo ahyaye islam ka paighaam diya hai. Musalmano ke inhatat pazeer ho ne ke wajohat patai jay. Musalmano ko pataya hai ke jab tak wo sahi islam par qaeem rahy khuda ne in se kiye gaye wade pary farmy hain. Yai kitaab 6 jildo par mustamil hai o ski pehli jil 1924 mein shaya hoi aur baqqiya jildy allam masraqi ki wafaat ke bad shaya hoin.
2- ESHARAAT
Is kitaab mein mukalmati andaz ikhtaiyar kiya gaya hai jo ke “humdard” aur musnif ke darmiyan sawal o jawab ki sorat mein hai.
3- KHITAAB MISER
Yai miser mein seikh al islam qairah ki janib se khilafat ke masla par mashawarat ke liye alam islam ke motamar mein arbi zuban mein kiya gaya khitaab hai jise bad azzah urdu ke tarjume ke sath shaya kiya gaya is ke tarjuma allama masraqi ne khud kiya.
4- QOOL FAISAL
Yai allama masraqi ke in muqamat ka majmooa hai jo haft roza mein shaya hoty rahy.
Is mein khaksar tehreeq ke ehzaaz o maqasid ko bayan kiya gaya hai.
5- MUQAMAAT
Yai mukhtalif muzoaat par leekhy gaye allama masraqi ke muqamaat ka majmooa hai. In sub ka markazi khayal musalman qoom ki islah aur molvi ke paish kar da islam k be aamal takhil ke khilaf jahaad hai. Yai muqalat do jildo par mustamil hain.
6- HADEES AL QURAN
Yai quraan ke amli mubahas par mustamil tasneef hai. Musnif ne is mein quran ki roshani mein insaan  aur kainaat ke rishty ki wazuhat aur is kainaat mein isaan ka muqaam motaeen kar ne ki kosis ki hai.
7- TAKMALAH
Yai kitaab 2 jildi par mustamil hai. Is mein nabi karim(s.a.w) ki khangi zindagi ko beyan kiya gaya hai aur quran majeed ke nazool ka bad tehqeek jadol paish kiya gaya hai.
8- KHARITAH
(farsi shahiri) is mein zada tar farsi rabaayat aur chand gazle shamil hain.
9- HAREEM GAIAB-DHA ALBAB- AL MOGHAN HAKEEM
In shairi tasaneef mein allama masraqi ne nsar ki tarah islam ka paighaam musalmano tak pohcha ne ki sahi ki hai aur islam ki behtareen khidmat ki hai.
End of his life
Yai azeem qaid, ilm ka samondar, musneef, danishwar, aur tehreeq azaadi ka mumtaz rehnoma 27 august 1963 ko is jahan fani se coch kar gaye. Aap ki qabar zily dar road achrah mein waqe hai.
 
Allama Inayatullah Khan Mashriqi Biography
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