Antoine Lavoisier

(Biography Of Antoine Lavoisier summary)

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Biography Of Antoine Lavoisier summary

 

Antoine Lavoisier, is very important in the development of chemistry. The great scientist was born on 26 August 1743 in Paris France. In this time knowledge of chemistry were lower position as compare to other’s like physics, mathematics etc. chemists has discovered individual evidence but there were no ideological structure, to arrange them. At that time their were faith about air and water are basic elements. Between 1774 to 1775 many chemist has separated oxygen nitrogen, hydrogen and carbon dioxide from air but that were not enough. Antoine Lavoisier oaring chemistry on bright way. He dismiss the concept that water is basic element he proved that water is compound of oxygen and hydrogen, or not air is basic element because it is a mixture of many gases like nitrogen, oxygen etc. after proved that all he give an index of these elements in his book, which is basic elements according to him. He also played an important role in the field of zoology. But fundamentally Lavoisier is an important person, because of formation of ideology of chemistry, by which education of chemistry finally steaming on right way. Normally he known as the “Father of modern chemistry” and is able to this honors. Lavoisier got the education of law in his younger age. Although he became lawyer and went France in entered in lawyers council but he never used his this education and didn’t act as a lawyer ever. He always be a part of social services. He worked in French royal academy of science. He were also a member ferme generale, he died on 8may 1794  at the age of 50 in Paris France. In this page you will find and read antoine lavoisier life history.

Birth Date : 26th August 1743
Death Date : 8th May 1794

Antoine Lavoisier age :

Antoine Lavoisier wife: Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier

Ilm kimya ki taraqi me azim francici scientist antoine laurent lavoisier ka nam boht aham hai. 1743 me wo paris me paida hua. Us dor me ilm chemistry, physic, math or astronomy jese digar ulom se kam tar halat me tha. Chemist ne mutadid infaradi shwahid daryaft kye the lekin koi aesa munasib nazaryati dhancha mojud nahi tha jis me in judagana malomat ko tartib dya ja sake. Is dor me ye galat aqida aam tha k hawa or pani bunyadi anasir hain. Badtarin bat ye thi k aag ki huiyat ke mutaliq hanoz galat fehmian aam thin. Ye khyal kya jata tha k tamam atish ger madon me ek mafrozati atishi ansar mojud hota hai or ye k afrokhatgi ke doran atish gir mada usi atishi ansar ko hawa me chorta hai.

1754 se 1774 ke dorani arsa me qabil chemists jese jozaf black, jozaf presly, hunar kawandash or digar ne oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen or carbon dioxide jesi gases alag kar li thin. Lekin chunke ye log “atishi ansar” wale nazarya ko taslim karte the wo in chemical element ki noiyat or afadiyat ke feham ke yaksar na ahal the jo unhon ne daryaft kye the missal kit or pr oxygen ko “rad atishi ansar” qarar dya jata tha. Yani wo hawa jo tamam atishi ansar se manza hoti hai ( ye mana jata tha k lakri ki chaptiyan aam hawa ki nasbat oxygen me zyada behtar andaz me jalti hai. q k atishi ansar se pak hawa jalti hui lakri se zyada sarat se atishi ansar ko jazb kar leti hai). zahir hai jab tak in bunyadi tasawerat ki aslah na ho jati chemistry me haqiqi taraqi mumkin nahi thi.

So Lavoisier ne is mame ke tukron ko apas me sahi tor pr jora or kimya ko durst raste pr dala. Pehle hi hale me us ne atishi ansar wale nazarya ko yaksar rad kar dya k atishi ansar ki tarha ka koi mada mojud nahi hai or ye k afrokhatgi ka amal jalte made ke oxygen ke sath kimiyai ishtarak pr mabni hota hai. 2nd ye k pani ek bunyadi ansar hargiz nahi hai balke ye oxygen or hydrogen ka kimiyai murakab hai. na hi hawa bunyadi ansar hai. ye bunyadi tor pr do gases ka mixture hai jo oxygen or nitrogen hain. Aaj hamare lye ye baten ajnabi nahi hain. Lekin Lavoisier ke paish ron or hamasron ke lye ye mabham thin hatta k jab Lavoisier ne apne nazaryat tashkil de lye or shwahid ke sath unhen paish kar dya phir bhi kai mumtaz chemists ne inhen manne se inkar kar dya. Lekin Lavoisier ki shandar kitab “kimiya ke anasir” (1789) me in mafrozat ko aesi sarahat se paish kya gya hai or in ke haq me aese bajawaz andaz me shwahid paish kye gae hain k agli nojawan nasal jald hi in se mutafiq hi gi.

Ye sabit karne ke bad k pani or hawa kimyai anasir nahi hain Lavoisier ne apni kitab me in anasir ki ek fehrist bhi di jin ke mutaliq us ka khyal tha k wo bunyadi hain. Ye fehrist galtion se mabra to nahi thi tahum kimiyavi anasir ki jadid fehrist bunyadi tor pr Lavoisier ki fehrist ki hi ek tosih hai.

Lavoisier ne (bartholet, forkoni or gaitan di marview k shirkat me ) kimiyai farsehang ka ek marbot nizam paish kya. Lavoisier ke nizam me (jo mojuda nizam ki bunyad ki hesiyat rakhta hai) ek kimiyai ansar ki amizash ko us ke nam se bayan kya gya hai. so pehli bar aesa hua k ab namo ke ek hamwar nizam ke sath dunya bhar ke chemist is qabil hue k wo ek dosre se apni daryafton se mutaliq ek wazah makalma kar sakte the.

Lavoisier hi wo pehla shakhs tha jis ne kimiyai amal me tahafuz mada ke asol ko sarahat se bayan kya. Ek kimiyai amal asal anasir ko naye sire se tartib de sakta hai lekin us se mada fana nahi hota or akhri paidawar bilehaz wazan itni hi hoti hai jo asal anasir ka wazan tha. Kisi bhi kimiyai amal me shamil kimiyai anasir ka ahtiyat ke sath wazan karne pr Lavoisier ne azhad israr kya jis ne kimya ko ek hatmi science ka rop de dya or us me ainda paishe raft ke lye rah hamwar ki.

Lavoisier ne ilm tabqatul arza me bhi kai aham izafe kye. Jabke ilmul hayat ke medan me us ka kaam boht aham hai. mohtat tajurbat ke zarye (jo us ne lapalas ki shirkat me kye) wo ye sabit karne me kamyab hua k tanafus ka amal bunyadi tor pr ek dhimi afrokhtagi ke mumasil hai. balfaz digar insan or digar janwar apni tawanai ek dhimi or dakhli azoyati afrokhtgi se hasil karte hain jis me hawa se jazb ki gai oxygen shamil hoti hai. ye daryaft apni afadiyat me harwe ki “dorane khon” ki daryaft ke ham pala hai. usi ki bunyad pr Lavoisier is fehrist me jaga pane ka haqdar banta hai. tahum Lavoisier ki bunyadi ahmiyat kimiyai nazarye ki tashkil sazi hai jis se ilm kimiya hatmi tor pr ek durst rah gamzan hui. Use amoman “jadid kimiya ka bap” kaha jata hai or wo is ezaj ka baja tor pr mustahiq bhi hai. 

Lavoisier ne jawani me qanon ki talim hasil ki. Agarcha us ne qanon ki degree hasil ki or francici waqla ki anjuman me shamil hua lekin kabhi us ne amlan is talim ka istenal nahi kya. Wo intezami zimedaryan or awami khidmat sar anjam deta raha. Wo “French royal acedmy of sciences” me fal tha. Wo “ferme generale” ka bhi rukun tha jo mohsolat wasol karne ka irada tha. 1789 me inqalab france ke bad inqalabi hakumat ke lye wo mashtaba afrad me shamil tha. Akhir kar use “ferme generale” ke 27 digar arakin ke sath giraftar kya gya. Inqalabi adal asqam se mabra nahi tha or ye sarih alraftar bhi tha. Ek hi din me (8 may 1794)me 28 afrad pr muqadma chala saza sunai gai or un ke sar qalam kar dye gae. Lavoisier apni biwi ke sabab bach nikla jo ek zahin orat thi or us ki tehqiqat me us ki mawan rahi thi.

Muqadma ke doran Lavoisier ki mafi ki darkhwast jama karwai gai jis me us mulk or science ke lye us ki gran baha khidmat ka hawala dya gya. Jaj ne is bayan ke sath darkhwast mustard kar di k “jamhorya ko fatin logon ki zarorat nahi hai”. us ke ek karibi rafiq or azim riyaziyatdan lagarenj ka ye bayan kisi had tak mabni barhaq hai k “ us sar ko qalam karne me ek lamha bhi sarf na hoga lekin aesa sar dobara paida hone me sadyan bit jaen gi”
 
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Antoine lavoisier books

  1. Elements of chemistry Book by Antoine Lavoisier
  2. Traité Élémentaire de Chimie Textbook by Antoine Lavoisier
  3. essay physical and chemical by mental health by Antoine Lavoisier
  4. Memoir on Heat By Antoine Lavoisier