Confucius History In Urdu

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Confucius History In Urdu

 

Confucius was born on 551 BC Lu state in China. Confucius family have own personal name which is respectively known as Kong Qiu. He was the son of Kong he who was an officer in Lu military, he was a great philosopher and political leader. He was also founder of Confucianism. In this page you will find and read Confucius biography in hindi and roman urdu.

Confucius Date Of Birth : September 28, 551 BC

Date Of Death : 479 BC

Confucius height: N/A

Confucius wife's name: Qiguan

Confucius children's: Kong Li (Son)
Kong Rao (Daughter)

Introduction

Azim chaines falsafi confucius pehla aadmi tha jis ne cheeni awam ke bunyadi ataqadat ko mila kar aqaid ka ek nizam wazah kya. Us ka falsafa shakhsi ikhtaqiyat or ek khas hakomat ke tasawer pr mabni hai jo awam ki khidmat karti or apni ikhlaqi missal ki bunyad pr hi hukmarani karti hai. is falsafa ne chaines zindagi or tehzib ko 2000 se zaid barson tak apne sehar tale rakha or dunya ki abadi ke ek bare hisse pr ghehre naqosh muratab kye. Confucius, leo ki mukhtasar riyasat me 551 qabal masih me paida hua. Ye shumali chaina me shantang ke mojuda qasbe me waqah thi. Bachpan hi me wo walid ke saya aatfat se mehrom ho gya. Us ne ek mamuli sarkari ohdedar ki hesiyat se apni amli zindagi ka agaz kya. Chand hi barso bad us ne is ohde se istafa de dya. Agle 16 baras us ne tablig or tadris me guzare. Use perokar ki ek khasi bari jamiyat hasil hui.

Jab wo 15 baras ka tha to use leo hakumat ne ek umdah ohde ke lye chose kya. Tahum 4 sal bad hi darbari sazishon ne use barkhasht or riyasat se jalawatni karwa dya. Us ne agle 13 baras ek khana badosh ustad ki hesiyat se sarf kye. Apni zindagi ke akhri 5 barson me wo apne abai watan lot aya. 479 qabal masih me us ka inteqal hua. Confucius ko amoman ek mazhab ke bani ki hesiyat se jana jata hai lekin ye bayan durst nahi hai. us ne khuda ke mutaliq koi falsafa nahi dya hayat bad az mot pr izhare rae karne se mazori ka izhar kya or har tarha ki mabad inteyati qayas aria se ijtanab barta. Wo bunyadi tor pr ek beden falsafi tha. Us ki dilchaspi ka markaz shakhsi or siyasi ikhlaqat or kirdar tha.

Idealogy

Confucius ke mutabiq do intehai aham fazilaten “jen” or “li” hain. Azim insan inhi se ikhtaqi rehnumai hasil karte hain. “jen” ko baz oqat “mohabat” ke mainon me tarjuma kya jata hai lekin use “digar insanon se ek mohabat bhara taluq” ke tor pr zyada behtar samjha ja sakta hai. “li” se adab, rasomat, riwaj, atwar or khush ikhlaqi murad li jati hai.
Confucius se pehle mojud aham chaines mazhab ko us ke khandani wafadari or waldain ke ahtram jese rawaiyo pr israr se bari taqwiyat hasil hui. Confucius ne ye bhi kaha biwion ko bhi apne khawandon ka ahtram or ataat karni chahye or mehkomon ko apne hakmon ka kher khwan rehna chahye. ye cheeni dan amariyat ke khilaf tha. Us ka aqida tha k hakomat k wajud ka maqsad falah awam hai na k us ke baraks kuch. Is amar pr us ka shadid israr raha k ek farma narwa ko taqat ki bajae ikhtaqi qowat ke sahare hukmarani karni chahye. us ke digar afkar me ek “ asmani badshahat” ka tasawer bhi shamil hai. us ne kaha “ jis fal ko tum apne lye napasand karo wesa dosron ke sath bhi na karo”. Confucius ke bunyadi rawaiya intehai qadamat pasandana tha. Us ka khyal tha mazi ka dor suheri tha. Us ne hukmaran or awam dono ko talkid ki k wo purane umdah ikhlaqi mayarat ko apnea. Dar haqiqat ikhlaqi qowat pr mabni hakumat ka confucius ka tasawer qadim zamanon ne aam nahi tha. Is etabar se confucius khud us ke apne mutaliq qawon ki nasbat kahin zyada jidat traz masla tha.

Chao Khandan

Confucius ke dor me chaina pr chao khandan ki hukmarani thi. Ye chaina me azim aqli josh or khrosh ka dor tha. Is dork e hukmaranon ke lye ye afkar qabile qabol nahi the. Lekin us ki mot ke bad ye afkar tezi se mulk bhar me phel gae. Tahum 221 qabal masih me “chaian” khandan ke agaz ke bad confucius mat ke bure din shuru hue. Chaian khandan ke awalin shehansha ne confucius ke asarat ko mundmil karne ki sar tor koshishen kin or hal ko mazi se yaksar munqata kar dya. Us ne confucius ke afkar ki tadris ko mamno qarar dya or confucius ki tamam kitaben jala dali. Ye jabirana masai nakami sabit huin. Chand sal bad chaian khandan pr zawal aya to confucius mat ke ulma ko phir se izhare rae ki azadi nasib hui. Agle han khandan (206 to 220 qabal masih) ked or me confucius mat ko chaines sarkari falsafe ke tor pr apna lya gya.

Han khandan ke dor me shuru hone wale “dewani mulazimat ke imtehanat” ke zarye hakumat chose karne ki riwayat batadrij behtar hoti rahi. Waqt ke sath ye imtehanat bunyadi tor pr bare tanazir me confucius mat ke classiki adab ke feham pr mabni qarar pae. Chunke sarkari nokar shahi me dakhla mali kamyabi or samaji qadar or munzelat ke hasol ka bunyadi wasila tha. 100 dewani mulazimat ke ye imtehanat zyada mehnat talab hote gae. Natijatan nasal dar nasal intehai zahin or purjosh chaines nojawanon ne mutadid sal confucius ke falsafe ke umeq mutala me sarf kye mutadid sadion tak chaina ki tamam dewani intezamia aese afrad pr mushtamil rahi jin ke bunyadi rawaiyon me confucius mat ka falsafa racha basa hua tha. Ye nizam chand waqfon ke sath chaina me karib 2000 baras raij raha. Yani 100 qabal masih se karib 1900 tak.

Lekin confucius mat faqat chaines intezamia ka sarkari falsafa hi nahi tha. Confucius ke ataqadat ko chaines awam ki aksaryat ki himayat hasil thi. Ye karib 2000 baras tak un ki zindagion pr ghehre asarat naqsh karte rahe.

Chinese Awam
Chaines awam confucius ke is qadar maqbol hone ki chand wajuhat hain. 1st us ki apni ikhlas mandi or diyanat dari pr kisi ka kalam nahi tha. 2nd woe k mutadad mijaz or amal pasand insan tha. Na hi wo insanon me aesi she ka taqaza karta tha jo un ki sakat se marya hon. Agar wo un se maziz hone ka mutalba karta tha to ye darasal un se danishmand ho jane ka taqaza nahi tha. Us ke afkar se chaines awam ke almi medan ka izhar bhi hota tha. Shayad yahi us ki beinteha kamyabi ki kalid thi jo us k aqaid se chaina me hasil ki. Confucius ne kabhi chaines awam se apne bunyadi mutaqadat ko tabdil karne ki khwahish ka izhar nahi kya. Balke woe k ben or mutasir andaz me unhi ki bunyadi riwayat o dohra raha tha. Galiban tarikh me koi dosra falsafi aesa nahi guzra jo confucius se zyada apne logom ke bunyadi ataqadat se un qadar jura hua ho.

Confucius mat infradi haqoq ki nasbat afrad ki zimedarion pr israr karta tha. Ye bat mojuda magribi zehan ke lye shayad naqabile qabol or saqil ho. Hatomati falsafa ke tor pr ye amli medan me nehayat mosar sabit hua. Dakhli aman or orasoda hali ke tanazir me is 2000 baras ki mudat me chaina dunya bhar me intehai marbot elaqe ki hesiyat se numaya raha.

Chaines tehzib me buri tarha pewast confucius ke ataqadat mashriqi asia se bhar is darja mosar sabit nahi hue. Koria or japan me unhon ne apne lye mazbot bunyaden istawar kye. Ye dono mumalik chaines tehzib ke asarat me lat pat the.

Mojuda dor me chaina me confucius mat ki halat patli hai. ek hawale se mazi se yaksar munqata chaines ishtamaliyat pasand logon ne confucius mat or us ke nazarye pr sangin jirah ki or ye mumkin hai k tarikh me us ka dor ab apni mot aap hi mar jae. Mazi me confucius ke nazaryat ne chaina me bari ghehri bunyaden istewar kar lit hi. Aesa hona gair mumkin nahi k agli sadi me confucius mat naye sire se taqwiyat hasil kar le.

 
Confucius Biography In Hindi
Shanimuzik
 
 

Confucius family confucius family tree / members

  1. Kong He (Father)
  2. Yan Zhengzai (Mother)
  3. Bo Xia (Grandfather)
  4. Qiguan ( Wife - Former spouse)
  5. Meng Pi (Brother)
  6. Kong Li (Son)
  7. Kong Rao (Daughter)
  8. Zisi (Grandson - Philosopher)

Confucius books

  1. Book of Rites (Book by Confucius - 200BC)
  2. The sayings of Confucius (Book by Confucius)
  3. Book of Documents (Book by Confucius)
  4. The ethics of Confucius (Book by Confucius)
  5. The essential Confucius (Book by Confucius)
  6. The Great Learning (Book by Confucius)
  7. The Wisdom of Confucius (Book by Confucius)
  8. The Doctrine Of The Mean (Book by Confucius)
  9. Unwobbling pivot & the Great digest (Book by Confucius)
  10. The philosophy of Confucius (Book by Confucius)
  11. The Most Venerable Book (Shang Shu) (Book by Confucius)
  12. The Art of War & Other Classics of Eastern (Book by Confucius)
  13. A Systematical Digest of the Doctrines of Confucius (Book by Confucius)
  14. Der gute Weg (Book by Confucius)
  15. Analects: With Selections from Traditional Commentaries (Book by Confucius)
  16. Xin yi Lun yu du ben (Book by Confucius)
  17. Les entretiens de Confucius et de ses disciples (Book by Confucius)
  18. Tratados Morales y Politicos (Book by Confucius)
  19. Testi confuciani (Book by Confucius)