Home Biography<<  
Worldknowledge1
 
 
 
 
 
Enrico Fermi was born on 29 September 1901 he was a famous physician of his era, who played an important role in development of quantum theory, he was introduced first time a nuclear reactor which was known as the name of Chincao Pile 1. That’s why he was known as the father of atomic bomb, due to his contribution he got a noble prize, . In this page you will find and read enrico fermi death.
enrico fermi biografia, enrico fermi birth chart, enrico fermi birthday, enrico fermi information, enrico fermi interview, enrico fermi inventions.

Enrico Fermi

(Biography)

 

Enrico Fermi Books

  1. Thermodynamics
  2. Notes on quantum mechanics
  3. Elementary Particles
  4. Neutron Physics for Nuclear Reactors
  5. Collected Papers, Note E Memorie, of Enrico Fermi
  6. Collected Papers
  7. notes on thermodynamics and statistical fermi
  8. United States 1939-1954

Enrico Fermi fermi jis ne awalin nuecleai rector ka nuqsha banaya itley ke shehar rome me 1901 me paida hua. Wo ek gair mamoli zahin talib im tha. wo abhi mukamal 21 baras ka bhi nahi hua tha jab us ne passau university se physic me doctoryat ki degree hasil ki. 26 baras ki umar me wo rome ki university me baqaida professor ban gya. Jabke tab us ka awalin aham mazmon shaa ho chuka tha. jis ke mozo ka taluq physic ki ek daqiq shakh quantum statistics se tha. is mazmon me farmi ne ek shumaryati nazarya pesh kya jo is no ke ajza ke bare ahtajaat ke rawaye ko bayan karte hain jinhen hum “fermions” pukarte hain. Jabke electron, proton or nuetron jo aam made ke 3 bunyadi ajzae tarkibi hain fermions kehlate hain. Fermi ka nazarya shadid scienci waqat ka hamil tha. fermi ki musawaton se hum is qabil hue hain k atoms ke nuecleas inhetat pazir made ke rawaye (jesa khas no ke sitaron ke andar waqo pazir hota hai) or dhaton ki khasosiyat or rawaiye ka behtar feham hasil kar saken wazah tor pr ye ek amlan sodmand nazarya tha.
1933 me fermi “beta’ ke zawal se mutaliq ek nazarya waza kya (jo radioactivity ki hi ek qisim hai) jis me (neutrino) or kamzor tamulat pr pehli bar miqdari behas ki gai thi. Ye dono jadid physic ke aham tarin mozo hain. Is tarha ki tehqiq ne jo ek aam admi ke lye to qabile feham nahi hai use dunya ke sife awal ke scientists me la khara kya. Tahum fermi ka sab se ahahm karnama abhi mansa samod pr hona tha.
1932 me bartanvi mahir tabiat jems chadok ne ek naya tehet atomic jazo “nuetron” daryaft kya. Fermi ne karib sabhi malom shuda anasir ka nuetron se tasad karwaya ye amal us ne 1933 se shuru kya. Us ke tajurbat se sabit hua k atoms ki kai aqsam nuetron ko jazb kar leti hai or kai ek misalon se isi nuecleai inteqal ke natije me paida hone wale atom radioactive the. Zehan me ye khayal paisda hota hai k agar nuetron sariul raftari se safar kar rahe hon to un ke lye atom ke markaz me sarayat kar jana shayad sehal ho jae ga lekin fermi ke tajurbat se zahir hua k mamla us ke baraks tha. or ye agar sariul raftar nuetrons ko agar perafin ya pani ke zarye sust raftar bana dya jae to wo zyada asani se atoms me jazb ho jate hain. Fermi ki is daryaft ke nuclear reactor ki tamir me mutadid aham itlkaqat the. Reactor me jis mawad ko nuetrons ki raftar sust karne ke lye istamal kya jata hai use (moderator ) kehte hain.
1938 me fermi ki nuetrons ke anjazab pr tehqiq ne use physic me nobel inam dilaya. Is doran me wo itley me mushkilat se do char hua. Fermi ki biwi yahodan thi jabke itley me fasht hakumat ne samiul nasal logon ke khilaf darsht qawanin aid kar rakhe the. Doim fermi fashtiyon ke boht khilaf tha. mesoleni ki hakumat me is rawaiya ke nataij khatarnak ho sakte the. December 1938 me fermi nobel inam lene stock home gya jahan se wo wapas nahi aya. Is ki bajae wo new york chala gya jahan columbia university ke amla mekois jese azim scientist ke sath kaam karne ka moka mila 1944 me wo america ka shehari ban gya.
1939 ke awail me lais metner, auto han or fertez strasman ki ye report hain k nuetron ka anjazab baz moka pr urinium ke atoms ke inshaqaq (fussion) ka mojib banta hai. is ke chapne ke foran bad digar mumtaz physicians ki tarha fermi ne mehsos kya k ek inshaqaq shuda urinium atom itne nuetron kharij kar sakta hai jis se in tamulat ka ek silsila chal nikle ga. Nez fermi ne kai dosre scientists ki tarha aese silsilawar tamulat ki foji imkani qowaton ka adrak kya. March 1939 tak fermi ne americi behria se rabta kya or inhen nuecleai hathiyaron ki tayari pr amada karne ki kopshish ki. Tahum kai mahino ke bad jab albert ainstain ne americi sadar roz velt ko is mozo pr khat likha to phir kahin ja kar americi hakumat ki atomi tawanai me dilchaspi paida hui.
Ek bar jab america amada ho gya to scientists ne namune ke tor pr atoms ka ek anbar tamir kya ta ke ye dekha ja sake k kya ek mutehmal balzat silsilawar rade amal qabile amal bhi hai ya nahi. Chunke nuetron ke mozo pr fermi ko khas dark hasil tha us ke tajurbati or nazaryati dono osaf hamida mojud the. Use dunya ke pehle nuclear reactor ki tamir ke lye majlis ka sarbarah bana dya gya. Awalan us ne columbia university me kaam kya bad azan shakago university me 2 december 1942 me shakago me fermi ki zere nigrani tamir kye gae awalin nuclear reactor ne kamyabi ke sath kaam shuru kya. Ye atomi dor ka haqiqi agaz tha. q k tab hi pehli bar insan nuecleai silsilawar rade amal ko istawar karne me kamyab tha. kamyab azmaish ka italah nama pur israr magar pegambarana alfaz ke sath wapas mashriq ko arsal kya gya “atalvi malah nayi dunya me dakhil ho chuka hai”. is kamyab azmaish ke bad mukamal tawanai ke sath “men hoten project” pr kaam karne ka fesla kya gya. Is mansube me bhi fermi ne ek mumtaz scienci mashir ki hesiyat se ek aham kirdar ada kya. Jang ke bad fermi shakago university me professor ho gya. 1954 me us ki wafat hui. Us ne shadi ki or 2 bachon ka bap bana. Chemical element 100 fermim ko aejaz ke tor pr usi ka nam dya gya.
Fermi ki ahmiyat ki mutadid wajuhat hai. pehli bat to ye hai k wo gair mutanaza andaz me 20th sadi ke azim tarin scientists me se ek tha or un madude chand logon me shumar hota hai jo na sirf gair mamoli nazarya saz balke tajurbiyat pasand bhi the. Is mazmon me us ke faqat chand aham scienci karnamon ka zikar kya gya hai fermi ne apni zindagi me 156 se zaid scienci maqolat tehrir kye. Dosri bat ye hai k atomic bomb ki takhliq ke hawale se fermi ka nam boht aham hai halanke us ke elawa mutadid digar scientists ne bhi is tamam amal me apna hisa dya. Fermi ki ahmiyat ka bunyadi hawala nuclear reactor ki ejad me us ka kirdar hai. ye kehna baja hai k wahi is ejad ke lye ejaz ka sab se zyada mustehiq hai. us ne pehle mazkora bala nazarya waza kya. Phir haqiqatan is pehle nuclear reactor ki naqsha nigari or tayari pr amlan kaam kya.

†† †
1945 tak koi atomi hathiyar jang me istamal nahi hua balke boht tadad me nuclear reactor tamir kye gae jin ka maqsad pur aman maqasid ke lye tawanai paida karna tha. yahi reactor mustaqbil me tawanai ka ek zyada aham wasila sabit ho ga. Mazid barhan chand reactor mufid “radioasotopes” ki tayari ke lye istamal hote hain. Jinhen tib or scoenci tehqiqat me istamal kya jata hai. ye khof baja hai k nucleai reactor insaniyat ki tabahi me ek sangin kirdar ada kar sakta hai lekin koi aesa nahi keh sakta k ye gair aham ejad hai chahe natija bura ho ya acha. Fermi ki tehqiqat ainda barson me dunya pr ghehre asarat muratab hon ge.