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Faiz Ahmed Faiz was born on 13 February 1911 in Sialkot district British India and expired on 20 november 1984 in Lahore, Punjab Pakistan at the age of 73.he was a great poet and a journalist.In this page you will find and read Faiz Ahmed Faizi biography in hindi and roman urdu.
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Faiz Ahmed Faiz

(Biography)

 

Introduction

Faiz ahmad faiz siyalkot ke jat gharan se takaq rakhty the. ap 13 fabeuary 1911 ko sultan mohmmad ke ghar ghao kala "kadar" naz naro wall jilah siyatkot me peda hue. apke walid sultan mohmmad marof wakil the. faiz ki zehni tarbyat me inki walid ki shaksiyat ka gera asar tha. in ke walid ek shandar shaksiyat ke malik the wo som o solt ke paband the. inhe ilam o adab se bhi gehra shafaf tha. apne ehad ki na mor haspatal shaike abdul al qadir, alama syed sulman nadvi,sajazada aftab ahmad khan wegera se in ke zati marasim the. inki do  angrazi tasanif "abdul al rehman ki sowana umri" or "afganistan ke dastor koanin" mashor hai. apki walda ka nam gulam fathma tha jo deyanat dar khaton thi.

Education

faiz ki ibtadai talim ka agaz rewaiti tarike se hua or walida se quran majid ki talim hasil ki. faiz ne 3 separe bachpan me hifz kye the magar ankho me taklif hone lagi or doctor ne mana kar dia or is sadat se mehrom rahe. 1916 me faiz ko molana ibrahim siyalkoti ke madad se me dhakhila kar liya gya. jaha inho ne abjat parhi,arbi,farsi ki ibtadai kitaben parhi. quran hadis ka dars bhi in se liya. is se fariq hone ke bad 1921 me iskat mashan hay school siyalkot me dhakla hui or jamat jharam se mactri tak yahi talim hasil ki. faizk koi bteda hi se adab se lagao tha or school ke zamane me hi wo abdula haleem sharar pandid ratan nath sir shar ke novel parh chuke the. or is ke sath sath,dag mir or galib ka kalam pharne se in me shari shok peda hua.matric tak boht angraz adibo ko bhi phar chuke the. 1927 me matric ka imthan darja awal me pas kya or mare collage siyalkot se 1929 me F-A ke imthan me bhi awal ai. is collage me iqbal ke ustad molovi mir hasan se faiz hasil kya. F-A ke bad gorment collage lahor me B-A ki class me dakhil liya. doran talim in ke walid ka achanak intekal hogya or wo mali mushkilat ka shekar hogai. in ke walid maruf wakil the magar inho ne kuch tarki na chora tha. jo kuch ghar par mojod tha isko panch kar muktalif afrad ka do karz jo faiz ke walid ke zima tha asa kya gya or ghar par rakhe gai mulazmin jin ki tadat 40 ke karib thi inko bhi farig kar dia gya. faiz ne in halat me mashah ka silsila chalane ke liye ek karbari adare me mulazmat akhtayar karli or sath sath apni talim par bhi por tawaja rahi. 1933 me gorment collage lahor se M-A angrazi ka imthan pas kya. gorment collage me doran talim inhe kamil asataza patras bukhari or link haroon ki talmandi ka sarf hasil hua. shari me sufi gulam mustufa tabsim se aslaha lete the. faiz gorment collage lohar me patras bukhari ki kayam karda adbi majlis "bazam akhbar" ke roh rowal the. gorment collage ki dosri adbi tanzim "bazam sakan" ke bhi sir gram karkun the. is adbi majlis me in ke sath nune-mimm rashid,imteyaz ali taj,charag hasan hasrat jesi jalil alqadar haspatal bhi shamil thi. 1934 me or netal collage panjab univarsity  lohar M.A arbi me dakla liya or ye imthan farsat devizan me pas kya. 1935 me M.A oa collage amir tasir se tadrasi kidmat ka agaz bator ustad angrazi kya. is collage ke wais paispal maruf taraki pasand adib mehmod al zafar the. yaha par faiz ki mulaqat begam rashid jaha,doctor M.D tasir or shazad zahir se hui or in ke khyalat me ek waze inkalab ruma hua. 1936 me shazad zahir ne anjuman taraki pasand musnagin ki bunyad rakhi to faiz ne is me sir garmi se hissa liya or lohar me iski bunyad rakhi. lohar a kar faiz ki sahafati zindagi ka agaz hua wo "adab latif" ke madir hue. 1940 me halki collage af  ka mirs lohar me ustad muqarar hue. yaha par 2 sal tak mulazmat ki.

Personal Life

1941 apki shadi doctor tasir ki sali aesil jaraj ke sath anjam pai. ye shadi islami tarike se hui. inka nikha mashor kashmiri siyasat dan or wazir ala shaikh abduallah ne parhai. faiz ki walda ne aesil faiz ka nam kulsom rakha. in ke yaha 2 betiyan saima hasmi (pirenspal natrual collage of artes) or maniza hasmi jannal manejar P.T.V lohar (incharge eduational collage af arts) peda hui.
As A Political Person

Faiz 1942 se saptamber 1946 tak foj ke shuba taloqat amma se wabasta rahe. apne captan ke uhde par mulazmat shuro ki or 1943 me major ke uhde par tariqi pa gai is sal inhe foji kidmad ke silsele  me M.B.E ka kitab mila or 1944 me karnal ka uhde par faaiz hue. 1946 me foj se istefa de dia or dobera sahafat ki taraf age or miyan iftekar aladin ke angrazi akhbar "pakistan times" or urdu akhbar roz nama "amroz" ke mader hogai.qayam pakistan ke bad seyasat ke sath sath taryed union sir garmiyo me hissa lete rahe. 1947 se 1951 tak is tanzim ke liye kam karty rahe. 1948 me shan farancesico (amirca) me hone wali mazdor tanzim ke mandobin me shamil the. is sal inhe almi consilar  karkun muntakib kya gya or ye raknet 1971 tak bar qarar rahi. 1951 me al pakistan tared union fedresion ke naib sadar ho gai. is sal inki zindagi me ek aesa wakia aia jis ne inki khangi o majlis zindagi ko both zada mutasir kya or inhe shakt masaib o mushkilat ka samna karna para. ye inki nam nehad raworpindi  shazi kese ke tehet giftari ka wakia tha. apko is nam nahad shazis ke tehat 9 march 1951 ko giraftar kya gya.is cas ka pesh manzar kuch you tha ke 22 february 1951 ko chip of army staf jannal akhbar khan ke ghar meting hui jis me faiz bhi mojod the is me jannal akhbar ne hukumat ka takta ulatne ki sakim di jese hazrin ne kai gantyki besh o temez ke bad mustarz kar dia or thy kya gya ke hazrin me se koi bhi shaks koi gair aini akdam nahi kare ga.yehi meting rawalpindi shazis cas ki bunyad bana di gai or do hafty bad faiz,jannal akbar khan,begam jannal akbar khan,shazad zahir or chan do dosre afrad ko giraftar kar liya gya. faiz ahmad faiz 4 sal 2 mah tak muktalif jelo me ked rahe. doran ked pehle 3 mah ked tanhai ki saza mili hata ke kagaz kalam istemal karne ki bhi ijazat na thi is ki taraf faiz ne you ishara kya hai ke,

“MATAA LAHO O QALAM CHEN GAI TO KYA GHUM HAI
KE KHON DIL ME DABOLI HAI UNGLIYA MEINAY
ZUBAN PE MEHR LAGI HAI TO KYA KE RAKH DI HAI
HAR  EK HALKA  ZANJEER  ME   ZUBAN”


ked tanhai ke katme ke bad muktalif jelon me esrey ke 4 sal 2 mah kakne ke bad 1955 me degar aesro ke sath raha hui. is zamane me faiz ka fan sher ne ek neya aslob aktyar kya.eid isri me faiz ne apne do majmuwa "dost saba" or "zinda nama" martab kye or tankidi muzamin ko "mezan" ke nam se tartib dia. is arse me faiz ne saince,falsafa,nafsiyat,seaseat,tariq or mazab ka gera mutala kya. rehai ke bad ek bar phir "pakistan times" or "amroz" se wabasta hogai. aesi adare ke haft roza "lal o neyal" ki adarat ke bhi faraiz sir anjam die. 1958 tak yaha pr kidmat sie ajnam die. 1959 ta 1962 pakistan arts consolar ke sectory ki hasyat se faraiz sir anjam dete rahe. 1962 se le kar 1964 tak landon me kayam farmaya 1964 inki insanyat dosti,aman apsand or taraki pasandana tehriro ke bais sodiyat union ki taraf se inhe line aman aurad mila.faiz pehle ashiya shair hai jinhe ye izaz hasil hua.1964 me landon se wapis a kar abdul allah haroon collage karachi ke prienspal or abdul allah haroon tarst ke nagran muqarar hue.1972 se 1977 tak natinoal konsalor of arts ke sadar or hukumat pakistan wazaratamor sakafat ke mashir rahe. 1976 me inko adbi kidmat ke sele me "agro asiyai adbi lotes award" se nawaza gya. 1978 me berowat me agro asiyairaiters federation ke sa mahi majlis lotes ki adarat sambhali 1982 tak is ke mader rahe. jab israil ne berowat pae hamla kya to faiz "lotes" ke daftar me mojod the.faiz ke ek falastani dost ne ek din bad inhe amarat se nikala. Faiz ke amarat se bhair ane ke chan ganty bad ye amarat boom ke damake se tabha hogai. november 1982 me faiz pakistan agai.

As A Poet
faiz ne insani zindagi ke muktalif pehlon ki bazarya shari inthai kubsorat andaz me tarjumani ki hai. wo azmat insan ke qail hai. faiz ne aj ki dunya ke seyasi samaji or aktesadi mehrkat ke zer sher kahe hai. inki shari insan me buland khylat or ehsas jamal peda karti hai. faiz ki shari do madzaat kefiyoto se ashna hai. bepanha mohabat or sir sari, bepanha dard okarb. in dono kefiyaton ki jarhe insani nafsayat or seyasat se taloq rakhti hai. faiz ki shairi me ye kefiyat inki insan dostin ke sabab peda hui hai. inki shari me mohabat or apnayat bedarja atam mojod hai. azadi ke bad bar sagir hindo pak me gazal ko jo heyat no mili hai or iski maqboliyat me jo izafa hua hai is me faiz ki gazal ka bhi numaya hissa hai.faiz ke pehle majmuwa nask faryadi" ki gazlo ke bazai nazmo ne faiz ko taraki pasand shara ki saf me ek mumtaz ashyat or har dil azizi bakhsi thi lakin in ke dosre majmuwa ost sabaki badolat faiz ki gazal go shair ke tor par pechan bani. or phir "zinda nama" or dosre sheri majmuwa ki ashayat ne sabitkar dia ke taraki pasand shairo me faiz tanha fankar hai jo nazam or gazal dono medano me ala takliki azhar ki yak sa qudrat rakhty hai oe in ke aslob fan ke asarat jaded shari ki dono sanaf me dekhe jaty hai. faiz ke majmuwa me jo gazle shamil hai inki majmuwa tadat chora si hai. in me musalsal gazle or gazal pe kar nazme bhi shamil hai jin ke anuanat bhi darj hai maslan "toq wadar ka mosam or sheryarah wegera. agar inhe alag kar dia jai to gazlo ki kul tadat 70 ke kareb reh jaigi. ye muktasar sarmaya gazal faiz ki 55 sal ki mashq sakan ka natija hai.sach to ye hai ke urdu shari ki tariq me iski misal nahi milti ke kesi shair ne tadat me itni kam gazle keh kar aesi be panha maqboliyat hasil ki ho or apne rang sakan se asar shari ko had darja mutasir kya ho. faiz nat nay tarakib or izar ke nay perai wazu karty hai wo apni gazal me aesi fiza taklik karty hai jo shama ke hawas ko apni girft me le leti hai. am tor par ye hota hai ke watan dosti  or komi halat ke fazan se talho hone wali shari kom par satana shari ka darja hasil kar leti hai lakin faiz ke yaha yehi shari inki shaksiyat ke hama ger tanazir ki waja se wafaki jhato se hum kinar ho jati hai or ye bari shari ki imteyazi shanakt hai. faiz ki gazal ke sath sath inki nazmen bhi bari dil kash or matno hai. inki nazmo me har jaga  zindagi ki ek nay amng ,nay jazbe or umeed ki kiran nazar ati hai. is silsele me inki matadat nazme ek nagma karbakai berwat ke liye.sir wadi seena,sochne do, dil man musafir man, tumhi kaho kya karna hai, laoh ka surag wegera nakabil faramos hai. faiz apni seyasi ya mozuwati nazmo me bhi sher ki jamaliyati qadrato se sirf nazar nahi aty hai. inki mashwar nazam "ye dag dag ujala" seyasi pas manjar me likhi gai nazam hai magar ye nazam faiz ki hassan kari or izar par kudrat ki both achi misal hai jis me ek wakti or hangami moju, tasir ya jazbe ko is tarha ke alfaz or istakarat me pesh kya gya hai ke wo waqt or zamane ki ked se azat ho kar lajawal ho gya hai. apni shairana kubyo ki bina faiz ko iqbal ke bad bara shair kaha gya.

Poetry Book
faiz ke shairy  majmuwa darj zel hai.
(1) Naksh faryadi. (2) Dost saba. (3) Zinda nama. (4) Dost thy sang. (5) Sirwadi seena. (6) sheryarah. (7) mere dil mere musafir. (8)gabar aiyam.
SARI KAINAT: NASKHA HAY WAFA
shari ki tarha in ke afkar o khyalat  or nazaryat o tasowarat inki nasal me bhi puri tarha numaya hai. inki nasar hazarb safat par pehli hui hai or faiz ki azim shaksiyat ka aina hai. faiz ki nasar me mojo ka tanao, fikar ki gerai, khyal ki bolandi, izar ki jamal afrini, insanyat ka dokh or falsafyana or alamna pan mojod hai. wo iqbal hi ke qabil ke shair or nasar nagar hai. faiz ne nasar me bakaida muzamen o makalat tehrir kye hai. in ke khatut ka bhi bara sirmaya mojod hai.safri rodaden, jalso ki tekrir, darame, tanzyat,arha or interweo is par mastazad hai. faiz zada se zada mahfom kam se kam alfaz me ada karty hai.kafyat lafzi inki imteyazi khususiyat hai. bojhal alfaz or mushkil astalat hat se har mumkin akhtaraz karty hai. chan jumlo me apna maqsad beyan kar ke qaryean ko lamha fakarya farham karty hai. faiz ki darj zel nasri tasanif mojod hai.

1: MEZAN: Muktalif anuanat par likhe gai tankidi muzamen ka majmuwa hai.
2: saliben mere dareche me: rawolpindi sashi  cas me giftari ke doran jell se likhe gai khatot ka majmuwa hai. ye khatot aels faiz ke nam hai.  chan khatot salima hasmi or maniza hasmi ke nam bhi hai. ye khatot engrazi me the jinhe badazha faiz ne mirza zafar al hasan ki kuaish par urdu me tarjuma kya. jese mirza zafar al hasan ne hi tartib de kar shair kya.
3: mutha laho o qalam: is majmuwa me faiz ki takrirain ,mazamen, interview, khatot, arais, nasharyat, darame wegera shamil hai or akhir me syed subt hassan, shazad zahir, mirza zafar al hassan or sher ansari ki tehrir shamil hai.
4: hamari komi sakafat: ye kitab faiz ki 65 salgira ke moqe par 13 february 1976 ko shair hui is me faiz ki 4 takrir :tehzib kya hai?" pakistani sakafat ke ajhai tarkibe "pakistani sakafat ki mukamal suraten" "pakistani sakafat or is ke masail" shamil hai.
5: mah o sal ashanai: ye  faiz ke muktalif barson me kye gai safar ros ki rodad hai. is me faiz ki muktalif rosi adibo se mulaqat ka taz karda bhi shamil hai.
6: safar nama kyoba: is kitab ke do hisse hai pehle hisse me 42 safat par mustamil fedal ka satar woky takrir shamil hai.
7: pakistani kalchar or komi tashkhas: is me tezib or karchal ke mozu par likhe gai faiz ke choda muzamin shamil hai.
8: iqbal: alama iqbal ke falsafe o nazaryat par likhi gai jama kitab hai.

End of his life
ye azim shair or nasar nigar 20 november 1984 ko harkat kalab band ho jane ke sabab khalik haqiqi se ja mila. apki akhri aram gha qabrastan G block modal town me wakia hai. apki qabar qabrastan ke masrki kone ki dewar ke sath hai or qabar par siyah pathar lagaya gya hai. qabar ka dezin bhi amumi qabro se muktalif hai. jo is manfard shair ko marne ke bad bhi anfaradyad bakshta hai. is azeem almartabet shair ki yaden hamesha hamare sath rahe gai.