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Gautam Buddha

(Biography)

Goutam Bud, the founder of religious "Bud mat" was the son of king Kapilvastu. Goutam's real name is Prince Siddhartha. He belongs to tribe "Shakya" and his casts were "Goutam". He was born on 483 AD. He got married at the age of 16 with his cousin. At the age of 29 he became father of a bay but Goutam decided to take separated himself from his present life and spent his life in the search of truth, for that he left his family, castle and all types of goodness of life and became a beggarly yogi. He got education of yogi by many famous yoga teachers of that time. He felt that he became "Bud" at the age of 35 and he left his remains 45 years in traveling of northern Hindustan. He had made many of his fellowman till his death, and he never wrote any book. After his death his fellowman’s remember him and his all words and transferred that all gender by gender orally. The basic education f Bud is known as "Four great truths" by bud's fellowmen’s. He died on 563 AD. Before the third century the great Indian king Ashok toook Budmat as his religious, after that lots of people took budmat as their religious in India and out of India. But till 1200 burmat religious decreases its value but in china, and Japan it took it place as a great religious.

 

Introduction

Gautama Buddha ka asal nam shehzada siddarth tha, wo budh mat ka bani hai jo dunyae azim mazhab me se ek hai. Siddharth capal wastav ke raja ka beta tha jo Nepal ki sarhadon ke nazdik shumali hindustan ka ek shehar hai. Siddarth (jis ki zat “Gautama Buddha” or qabila “shakia” tha) Nepal ki mojuda sarhadon ke bich lambai ke muqam pr 563 qabal masih me paida hua. 16 baras ki umar me us ki shadi us ki hum umar zad se hui. Shahi mehal me partaesh mahol me us ki parwarish hui tahum wo khud is mahol ka khogar nahi hua. Wo bekul rehta tha. Us ne mushahida kya k beshtar insan garib hain or is mehromi ke sabab musalsal ibtalaon me ghire rehte hain. Hatta k ahale sarwat bhi aksar mayos or nakhush rehte hain. Nez har shakhs bimari ka shikar hota or akhir mar jata hai. qudrati tor prsiddhart ne gor kya k koi aesi kefiyat bhi hai jo in arzi musaraton se, jo bilakhir mot or bimari se pamal ho jati hain.

Initially

29 baras ki umar me jab us ke bete ki pedaish hui Gautama Buddha ne faisla kya k wo apni mojuda zindagi se kinara kashi ikhteyar kar le or khud ko sach ki talash ke lye waqf kar de. Wo mehal se rawana ho gya, us ne apni biwi, apne no molud bache or tamam tar dunyavi asaishat ko tark kar dya. Wo ek muflis yugi ban gya. Kuch arsa us ne us dor ke mashor yugi ulma se hasol ilm kya un ke afkar ki mukamal agahi hasil hi jane ke bad us ne insan keg air itminan bakhsh masail ke apne hal wzah kye. Ye khyal aam hai k inteha darje ka zehan sach ke rasta ko hamwar karta hai. Gautama Buddha ne khud bhi ek sanyasi banne ki koshish ki kais al wo musalsal faqa kashi or khudazeti ke marahil se guzra. Payan kar use adrak hua k jism ko aziyat dene se zehan me abham paida hota hai isi lye ye rayazat use sach ki qurbat na de saki. Chunancha us ne phir se baqaida khorak leni shuru ki or faqa kashi ko tark kar dya.

Khalwat me us ne insani mojudgi ke masail pr istagraq kya. Akhir ek sham jab wo ek azim aljasa anger ke darakht tale betha tha, use us chestan ke sabhi tukre baham yakja hote mehsos hue. Siddharth ne tamam rat tafakir me batai subha hui to ise munkashaf hua k us ne hal pa lya tha or ye k wo ab “budh” ban gya tha jis ke maine ek “ahal basirat” ke hain. Tab us ki umar 35 baras thi. Zindagi ke baqi 45 baras us ne shumali hindustan me safar karne me guzare. Wo un logon ke samne apne khyalat ka char charcha karta jo use sunne ate the. 483 qabal masih me apne wafat ke sal tak wo apne hazaron perokar bana chukka tha. Har chand k us ke afkar tab nahi likhe gae the. Us ke chelon ne us ko hurf ba hurf yad rakha. Ye hurf nasal dar nasal zabani tor pr hi sena ba sena muntaqil hote rahe.

Budh ki bunyadi talimat ki budhon ke alfaz me “ char ala sachaiyan” ke unwan se sameta ja sakta hai. 1st insani zindagi apni jabli hesiyat me dukhon ka maskan hai. 2nd us nakhushi ka sabab insani khudgarzi or khwahish hai. 3rd is infradi khudgarzi or khwahish ko khatam kya ja sakta hai or aesi kefiyat paida ki ja sakti hai jis me khwahishat or arzoen fana ho jati hain. Use istalaha “narwan” kaha jata hai. (is ke lagvi maine “phat parne” ya “tansikh” karne ke hain). 4th is khudgarzi or khwahish se farar ka zarya “ 8 rast rahen” hain. Yani rast nuqtae nazar, rast soch, rast goi, rast bazi, rast tarze bodo bash, rast sai, rast zehan or rast tafakir or ye bat bhi hai k budh mat har kisi ke lye apni agoshwa kye hue hai, na nasal ka masla hai or na hindon ke baraks yahan zat bradri hi kuch ahmiyat rakhti hai.

After death of Gautama Buddha

Gautama Buddha ki wafat ke bad ek arsa tak ye naya mazhab zara susst raftari se phela. Tisri sadi qabal masih me azim hindustani shehansha ashok ne budh mat ikhteyar kar lya. Us ki pasht panahi se hindustan bhar me bidh mat ke asarat tezi se phele, budh mat hindustan se bahar bhi maqbol hua. Ye janob me selon tak phela or mashriq me barma tak. Wahan se barh kar janubi asia me us ne apne qadam jamae or malaya tak phela or phir aage elaqe me sarayat kar gya jise ab indoneshia kaha jata hai. budh mat ke asarat shumali elaqon me bhi martasam hue ye tibbat pohncha or age shumal ki taraf afganistan or wasti asia tak us ke perokar phel gae. Is ne chaina me bhi jaga banai jahan use bari pazirai mili. Yahan se aage japan or koria me us ne apne perokar paida kye. Lekin hindustan me hi ye mazhab 500 ke bad tanzil ka shikar hone laga or 1200 tak ye samet kar boht mukhtasar tabqe tak baqi reh gya. Dosri janib chaina or japan me budh mat ek bare mazhab ki hesiyat se mojud raha. Tibt me janubi asia me kai sadyon tak is ki ahmiyat me chandan takhfif na hui. Budh ki mot ke kai sadyon bad tak us ki talim k zabta tehrir me nahi laya gya. Qudrati tor pr ye mukhtalif masalik me munqisam hone laga. Is ki do shakhen aham hain. “therwed” jo janubi asia me maqbol hai or jise magribi hukma budh ki haiqi talimat ke karib tarin mante hain. Dosri shakh “mahayana” kehlati hai jis ke perokar tibt, chaina, or shumali asia me aksaryat me hain.
Followers of Gautuma Buddha
Dunya ke azim mazhab me se ek ke bani ki hesiyat se budh ki is fehrist ke ibtedai namon me jaga milni hi chahye thi. Is waqt dunya bhar me karib 200 million “budh” mojud hain. Is ke muqable me musalmanon ki tadad 500 million or esaiyon ki 1 billion se bhi zyad hai. is se ye amar mutarsha hota hai k budh ne (hazrat) muhammad sallalahu alaihi wasalam or yaso ki nasbat kam logon ko mutasir kya. tahum perokaron ki tadad me ikhtelaf galat fehmian paida kar sakta hai. Hindustan me budh mat ke beasar ho jane ki ek waja to ye hai k hindu mat ne us ke kai nazarye or asol khud apna lye. Chaina me bhi logon ki ek bari tadad jo khud ko budh mat ki perokar nahi kehalwati budh mat ki talimat se mutasir hai. esaiyat ya islam se qatah nazar budh mat ek mazbot aman pasandana israr ka hamil mazhab hai. adam tashadud pr budh mat ke israr ne “budh” mulkon ki siyasi tarikh me ek aham kirdar ada kya hai. aksar ye kaha jata haik agar yaso zamin ki taraf lot aae to wo in matadad rasomat or ebadat pr shashdar ho jae ga jo us ke nam ki arh me rawa rakhi ja rahi hain. Masihiyat ke perokar kehlae jane wale afrad ke masalik ke bich khoni fasadat dekh kar wo khof zada ho jata. Budh bhi yahan akar in mutadid nazaryat pr heran hoga jo us ken am se manob kye ja rahe hain, jabke budh mat ke mutaliq masalik hain or ye ek dosre se shadid ikhtelafat rakhte hain lekin budh mat ki tamam tarikh in khoni mazhabi jangon ki to missal nahi milti jo masihi europe me waqoh pazir huin. Is hawale se Gautama Buddhaki talimat ne apne perokaron ko esaiyat ke perokaron ki nasbat zyada shidad se mutasir kya.