Gregor Johann Mendel Life History in Hindi
(gregor johann mendel biography in hindi)

 
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gregor mendel biography in hindi

 

 

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Gregor Mendel was born on 20 July 1822 in Australia. His father name was Anton and mother name was Rosin. Gregor Mendel was played an important role in the field of science. He was generally known as father of genetics. He was died on 6 January 1884. In this page you will find and read Gregor Mendel biography in urdu hindi and roman urdu.

Gregor Mendel Book Name

  • Experiments on Plant Hybridization
  • GENETICS & EUGENICS
  • Experiments in Plant‑Hybridisation ‑ Scholar's

Birth Date : 20 July 1822

Death Date : 6th January 1884

Gregor Mendel ki waja shohrat us ka virasat ke bunyadi asolon ki daryaft hai. apni zindagi me wo ek guman austrevy rahib or shokiya scientist ki hesiyat se raha jis ki shandar tehqiqat ko science ki dunya ne nazar andaz kya.
Wo ek qasbe hend nadros me 1822 me paida hua. Tab is austrevi saltanat ka hisa tha, ab cheko salwakia me shamil hai. 1843 me austrelia ke shehar baron (ab cheko salwakia me “ barno” kehlata hai) me ek ogistenen khanqah me bharti hua. 1847 me wo padri muqarar hua, 1850 me us ne “sand bator ustad” ke lye imtehan dya, jis me wo nakam hua. Q k hayatiyat or ilm tabqatul arz me nehayat kam number hasil kye the. Tahum us ki khanqah ke rahib ala ne mendel ko wiyana university bhej dya, jahan 1851 se 1853 tak us ne riyaziyat or science ka mutala kya. Mendel ek ustad ke tor pr kabhi sanad hasil nahi kar saka. Lekin 1854 se 1868 tak wo (baron model school ) me fitri ulom ka mutabadil ustad ki hesiyat se raha.

Us dor me 1865 se us ne podon ki takham zeri pr marof tajurbat kye. 1865 tak wo apna marof qanon virasat waza kar chuka tha or unhen ek maqole me bayan kya jise “baron natural history society” ke samne pesh kya gya. 1866 me us ke nataij “society” ke risale (transactions) me ek mazmon “podon ko pewand kari pr tajurbat” ke unwan me shaa hue. 1884 me wo 61 baras ki umar me fot hua. Us ki azim tehqiqat ko faramosh kar dya or us ke nam ko saraha na gya.

1900 me mendal ke kaam ki daryaft  ki gai jab 3 mukhtalif scientists (denmark ke hio godyweris germany ke clark corans or austrelia ke aerakh wan sharmak) ne is mozon pr apne tor pr kaam karte hue mendal ke is mazmon ko parha. Tino ahbab ne azadana tor pr podon pr tajurbat kye the, or apne tor pr mendal ke qawanin ko daryaft kya tha. Tino ne apni tehqiqat shaa karwane se pehle is mozo se mutaliq mawad pr tehqiqat ki or mendal ke asal mazmon tak risai pai. Tino se is mazmon ka hawala dya or bayan kya k in ki tehqiqat ne mendal ke awanin ki sadaqat ko daryaft kya hai. ye ek heran kun itefaq tha. Isi baras ek angrez scientist william betsan ne bhi mendal ka mazmon parha or foran hi digar scientists ki tawaja is taraf mabzol ki. Sal ke ikhtatam tak mendal ko wp pazirai hasil ho gai jis se wo apni zindagi me mehrom raha.
Wo kon se haqaiq the jo mendal ne virasat ke mutabiq daryaft kye? Sab se pehle mendal ne ye malom kya k tamam jandar muscles me bunyadin akaiyan mojud hain jinhen aaj hum genes kehte hain. In ke zarye makhsos osaf waldain se olad ko muntaqil hote hain. Podon me mendal ne dekha k har infaradi khasosiyat jese bich ka rang ya paton ki sakht wagera genes ke joron se mutain hoti hai. ek  poda har jore ka ek genes apne waldain se virasat me hasil karta hai. mendal ne daryaft kya k agar ek hi khasosiyat ke do mukhtalif genes virasatan bache ko muntaqil hon (jese ek genes sabz bich ka or dosra genes zard bich ka( to aam tor pr wahi genes mosar hoga jo galib hasiyat rakhta hai (is misal me zard bich ) tahum dosra maglob genes tabah nahi ho jae ga balke pode ki agli naslon ko muntaqil hota rahe ga. Mendal ne mehsos kya k har baz takhliqi (reproductive ) khalya ya manfi takham (gemete) (jo insani jisim me karam manvi (sperm ) ya bezwi (egg cell ) se mutaliq ho ) har jore ka ek hi genes ka hasil hota hai. us ne ye bhi wazah kya k ye mehaz itefaq ki bat hoti hai k har jore ka kon sa genes is manfi takham (gemete) me waqa ho or agli nasal me mutaqil ho jae.
Mendal ke qawanin me agar cha qadre taramim bhi hui hain. Tahum inhen tawaldo tanasil ke jadid ilm ka nuqta agaz mana jata hai. akhir mendal jesa ek shoqia scientist kis tarha in aham asolon ko daryaft karne me kamyab hua? Jinhon ne is se qabal mutadid peshawar mahirin hayatiyat ko chakrae rakha. Khush qismati se is ne apni tehqiqat ke lye podon ki us no ka intekhab kya jis ki sab se numayan khasosiyat ka tain genes ke wahid majmoa ke zarye hota hai. agar wo aesi khasosiyat pr tehqiq karta jin ka tain genes ke mutadid gro mil kar karte to us ki tehqiqat kahin zyada dushwar ho jatin. Lekin agar wo ek intehai mohtat or mutehmal tajurba kunanda na hota or agar wo dorane tehqiqat apne mushahidat ka shumaryati tajzia karna zarori na samjhta to ye khush bakhti bhi us ke chandan kaam na ati. Mehaz is itefaqia durst intekhab se bhi ye peshan goi karna mumkin nahi thi k agli nasal kon se khasosiyat mustar le gi? Faqat bepayan tajurbat (mendal ne 21000 podon pr tajurbat ke goshware banae) or in ke nataij ke shumaryati indaraj ke zarye mendal in qawanin ko akhaz karne ka ahal hua.
Ye amar wazah hai k qawanin virasat insani ilm me ek aham izafa hai. mustaqbil me tawalido tanasil ke mutaliq hamare ilm me is se bhi kahin zyada izafe hon ge. Ek dosri bat bhi qabile gor hai. jis ko mendal ki qadaro qimat ka tain karte hue hamen zere gor rakhna chahye. Us ki daryafton ko us ki zindagi me nazar andaz kya gya jabke us ke nataij ko bad ke scientist ne infaradi tor pr daryaft kya. Mendal ke tehqiq qabile tasrif ho sakti thi. Is dalil ko pesh nazar rakha jae to hum is natija pr bhi pohnch sakte hain k mendal ko is fehrist se mukamal kharij kar dya jae jis tor lef aeriksan, arstarkas or agnas semal wesco colambus, coper neks or jozaf lister ke muqable me kharij kar dya gya.
Tahum mendal ke mamla kuch mukhtalif hai. mendal ki tehqiqat ko mukhtasar mudat ke lye faramosh kya gya jab us ki daryaft no hui to wo foran aam ho gain. Mazid ye k do weris, coners or sharmak ne azadana tor pr us ke asol ko daryaft kya lekin akhir kar unhon us ka mazmon bhi parha or us ke nataij ka hawala bhi dya. Phir ye bhi nahi kaha ja sakta k agar de weris, corners or sharmak na hote to mendal ki tehqiqat kabhi manzare aam pr na atin mendal ke mazmon ka indaraj pehle hi virasat se mutaliq kitabon ki ek kasir ashat fehrist me mundaraj ho chuka tha. Is fehrist se ye aetamad paida hota hai k jald ya ba dair is mazmon ka koi taliob ilm mendal ke mazmon ko zaror parh leta or ye bat bhi aham hai k in tino sciebntist me se kisi ne ilm tawaldo tanasil ki daryaft ka aejaz apne lye makhsos karne ka dawa nahi kya. Jabke jo scienci asol daryaft hue inhen dunya bhar me “mendal ke qawanin” ke unwan se jana gya.

Apni waqat ke hawale se mendal ke qawanin ka mawazna haron ki dorane khon ki daryaft se kya ja asakta hai.
 
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