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James Clerk Maxwell

(Biography)

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The great British physician and mathematician james clerk Maxwell was born on 13th day of June 1831 in Edinburg Scotland. He is famous due to his four equations which explains the basic principles of magnets and electrics. He became scientist very younger age. At the age of 15th he represent his first invention in front of Edinburg. Royal society. He got his degree of graduation from Cambridge University he left his younger age mostly as a professor. He imagine ass a greatest physician during gap of period of Newton and Einstein. Before james clerk Maxwell many work has done in the field of magnet and electric and they both are associated field it also has became common, but before james clerk Maxwell there weren’t a complete and grammatical ideology. That’s why he introduced his four equations and it can apply at any conditions it is the best quality of his equations. All the equations related to magnet and electrics can be derivative from james clerk Maxwell equation. From his equation it can be prove that distance rotating is possible in electromagnetic ring, such types of rotating known as electromagnetic waves, which started one time then it implement over the space. Due to his equations he proved that the speed of electromagnetic waves is maximally three lacs kilometer per second. james clerk Maxwell introduce the speed of light same as of it, that’s why he correctly derived that light is self an electromagnetic waves. james clerk Maxwell theorem, james clerk Maxwell displacement current, james clerk Maxwell coil, james clerk Maxwell speed distribution and etc. he got many noble awards, in which smith’s prize, Adam’s prize, Rumford medal and Keith prize. He died in 5th day of November 1879 at the age of 48 in Cambridge England due to cancer. In this page you will find and read james clerk maxwell biography summary.

 

Azim bartanvi physician James Clerk maxwell ki wo shohrat in 4 equations ki tashkil bandi hai jo barqiyator maqnatisiyat ki bunyadi qawanin ko bayan karti hai.

Maxwell se pehle bhi in do medano me kai salon se qabile zikar tehqiq ho rahi thi or ye haqiqat bhi aam ho chuki thi k ye baham wabasta shobe hain. Tahum agarcha barqiyat or maqnatiaiyat ke mutadid qawanin daryaft kye ja chuke the jo khas sorat ahwal me durst bhi the tahum maxwell se pehle is zaman me koi mukamal or marbot nazarya mojud nahi tha. Apni in 4 mukhtasar ( magar nehayat nafis ) equations me maxwell barqiyati or maqnatisi medanon ke rawaye or bahami tamul ko durst tor pr bayan karne me kamyab ho gya. Is tor us ne is mazhar ke azim uljhao ko ek jama nazarya ki sorat me tabdil kar dya. Maxwell ki equations guzishta sadi me nazaryati or atlaqi science dono medano me kasrat se istemal hui hain.

Maxwell ki equations ki sab se bari khobi to ye hai k wo boht amomi hain jo har tarha ke halat me muntabaq ho sakti hain. Barqiyati or maqbatisiyat ke sabhi pehle se mojud qawanin maxwell ki equations se akhaz kye ja sakte hain. Hata k pehle se malom shuda nataij ki ek bari tadad bhi in se ikhtra ki ja sakti hai. in naye nataij me aham tarin to khud maxwell ne hi in se akhaz kye. Us ki equations se ye sabit kya ja sakta hai k barqi maqnatisi halqe ki dori gardish mumkin hai aesi gardishen barqi maqnatisi lehren kehlati hain jab ek bar shuru ho jaen to phir ye bahar khala me bhi nafoz kar jati hain. Apni equations se maxwell ne ye bhi sabit kya k aesi barqi maqnatisi lehron ki raftar zyada se zyada 300000 kilo meter ( 1,86,000 mile ) per second ho gi. Maxwell ne daryaft kya k yahi roshni mki muin raftar bhi hai. is se us ne ye durst natija akhaz kya k roshni bajae khud barqi maqnatisi lehron pr mushtamil hai.

so maxwell ki equations mehaz barqiyat or maqnatiiat kebyi qawninhi nhbalke (optics) ke bhi bunyad qawani ki bunyad hain. Mizid barhan us ki equations se pehle mojud optics ke qawanin or wo haqaiq or tamilat bhi mustakhraj kye ja sakte hain jo pehle gair mamoli the.

Qabile adrak roshni is barqi maqnatisi ray afshani ki wahid mumkina sorat nahi hai. maxwell ki equations sabit karti hain k digar barqi maqnatisi lehron ka wajud mumkin hai jo apni darazi or raftar me qabile adrak roshni se mukhtalif hain. In nazaryati mustakhrajat ka asbat bad azan hanerch hets ne bare shandar tariqe se kya. Jo in naqabile adrak lehron ko paida or shanakht karne ke ahal tha jin ki mojudgi ki paishgoi maxwell ne kit hi. Chand sal bad goglalmo markoni ne ye sabit kya k ye naqabile adrak lehren betar ablagi wasail ke lye istamal ki ja sakti thin. Yun radio ek haqiqat ban gya. Aaj hum television bhi istamal karte hain. X rays, gama rays, infrad rays or altra wilt rays in barqi maqnatisi ray fashani ki digar misalen hain. In ka mutala maxwell ki equations ke tawast se mumkin hai.

maxwell ki asal shohrat to barqi maqnatisiyat or optics me us ke gran qadar izafon ke bais hai. us ne science ke digar medanon me bhi qabile zikar karname anjam dye. Jin me falkiyati nazarya or ilm ahtraq wagera shamil hain. Us ko gases ke harkiyati nazarya me bhi dilchaspi thi. Maxwell me qayas kya k gas ke sabhi molecule ek hi raftar se gardish nahi karte. Chand molecule sust rawi se harkat karte hain. Chand sariul raftar hote hain. Or chand beinteha sabk raftar hote hain. Maxwell ne ye equation wzah kya jis se wo is bat ka andaza laga sakta tha k makhsos darja hararat me khas gases ke molecules ka kon sa hisa ek khas raftar se mutehrik hoga. Us equation ko “maxwell ki taqsim” ka nam dya jata hai. ye nehayat zyada istamal hone wali scienci equations me se ek hai. physic ki mukhtalif shakhon me us kea ham itlaqat mumkin hain.

Maxwell 1831 me scotland ke shehar aedan barg me paida hua. Us ne gair mamoli tezi se scienci maharat ki manazil the kin. Sirf 15 baras ki umar me us ne apna scienci maqala aedan barg royal society ke samne paish kya. Us ne aedan barg university me dakhla lya or cemrej university se graduation ki. Us ne apni jawani ka beshtar hisa professor ki hesiyat se basar kya. Us ki akhri mulazimat cemerej me thi. Us ki shadi hui magar wo lawald raha. Maxwell ko newton or ainstain ke bich ke waqfa me azim tarin nazaryati physician tasawer kya jata hai. 1879 me wo apni 48th birthday se kuch hi dair pehle cencer ke arze me mubtala ho kar waqt se pehle hi chal basa.