Joseph Lister Biography

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joseph lister biography

 

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Joseph Lister born on 5 April 1827 and expired on 10 February 1912 at the age of 84. He works in the field of medicine and known for surgical sterile techniques. He had a nationality of United Kingdom. In this page you will find and read history about joseph lister.

Early life

Amal jirahi me antiseptic ki tadabir ke istamal ko mutaruf karwane wala bartanvi jirah joseph lister englistan me opton me 1827 me paida hua. 1852 me us ne london me “university collage” se tib ki degree hasil ki jahan wo zahin talib ilmon me sumar hota tha. 1862 me wo “glasko royal infermery” me jirah ban gya. Is ohde pr wo ianda 8 baras raha. Isi doran me us ne antiseptic jirah ke tariqa kar ko waza kya.
“Glasko royal infermery” me lister naye shoba jirahi ke wards me muntazanm tha. Wahan operation ke bad hone wali amwat ki sharah se wo khof zada ho gya. Gangrene jesi afonat ka paida hona jirahi ke bad marizon me aam tha. Lister ne apne wards ko saf suthra rakhne ki koshish i. tahum us ki sharah amwat me khatir khawah kami na hui. Wahan doctors ka khayal tha k namiyati madon se uthne wali strand ke bais ye infection paida hoti hai. tahum ye dalil lister ko mutmain na kar pai.

His Services

1865 me us ne louis pasture ka ek mazmon parha jis me us ne bimari ke jarasomon ka nazarya bayan kya tha. Is se lister ko asal waja samjh me aai. Agar ye infection jarsomon ke bais paida hui hai to is infection ke sabab ka behtrin tariqa ye hai k khule zakham me dakhil hone se peshtar hi in jarsomon ko halak kar dya jae. Carbolic acid ko bator jarasim kash dawa istamal kar ke lister ne antiseptic tadabir ka ek naya majmoa mutaruf karwaya. Wo na sirf har operation se pehle ahtiyat ke sath hath dho leta balke is bat ki bhi tasali kar leta k alat or patiyan bhi saf hain. Bilashuba ek dor me wo operation karne se peshtar kamre me carbolic acid ka chirakao kar leta tha. Is ka natija operation ke bad hone wali amwat ki sharah me dramai takhfif tha. 1861 se 1865 ke darmiyani arsa me mardon ke shoba hadsat me amwat bad az operation ki sharah 45% thi 1869 tak ye sharah kam ho kar 15% rah gai.
Antiseptic jirahi pr lister ka awalin mazmon 1867 me shaa hua. Is ke khayalat ko foran hi taslim na kya gya. Tahum yse 1869 me aedan barg university me “clinical sergury “ ki kursi sadarat paish ki gai. Wo 7 dal yahan maqboliyat ke jhande gharta raha. 1875 me wo germany gya. Jahan us ne aopne khayal or tariqa hae kar pr lecture dya. Agle baras wo isi maqsad se america gya. Tahum doctor hazrat ki aksaryat abhi us ke afkar se mutafiq nahi thi. 1877 me lister ko london me gings collage me “clinical sergury” k kursi sadarat pais ki gai. Yahan wo 15 baras raha. London me us ki antiseptic jirahi ke muzahiron se tibi halqe me bari dilchaspi paida hui. Natijatan us ke khayal ki maqboliyat barhti gai. Zindagi ke akhri barson me lister ke antiseptic jirahi ke asolon ne dunya bhar ke itba se qaboliyat ki sanad hasil ki..
Lister ki daryafton ne sergury ke shobe me yaksar inqalabi tabdiliyan paida kin. Lakhon afrad ki janen bachai ja sakin. Mazid ye k aaj jirah aese pechida operation bhi karte hain jin ki wo mazi me jisarat nahi kar sakte the, jab infection ka khatra shadid tha. Maslan ek sadi qabnal chati ki chir phar wale operation ke mutaliq amoman socha bhi nahi ja sakta tha. Agarcha jarasim ko khatam karne ke lye aaj us se kahin behtar tadabir ikhtayar ki jati hai jo lister ne apne dor me kin, tahum in ke pas pusht khayal wahi hai or lister ke asolon hi ki ek tosih hai.
Ye kaha ja sakta hai k lister ke khayalat darasal pasteur ke khayalat ka natija the. So lister kisi aejaz ka mutahiq qarar nahi pata. Tahum pasteur ki tehriron ke bawajud aese shakhs ki zarorat mojud thi jo antiseptic tadabir ko taraqi de kar maqbol banae. Is kitab me lister or pasteur dono ke zikar se murad ek hi daryaft ka aada hargiz nahi hai. bimari ke jarasimon ka nazarya ke itlaqat is darja aham hain k ye aejaz pasteur, leven hook, fleming or lister me taqsim hone ke bawajud ye sabhi is fehrist me jaga pane ka istehqaq rakhta hai.
Is fehrist me lister ko shumar karne pr ek dosra aetaraf bhui mumkin hai. lister se karib 20 baras qabal hungry ke ek mualij agnas semel wes (1818 – 1865) ne “wiyana gernal hospital” me kaam karte hue antiseptic tadabir ke obstetrics or jirahi dono me fawaid ko sabit kya hai. agarcha semel wes professor ban gya or apne khayalat ke izhar ke lye ek shandar kitab likhi. Lekin us ki tehqiqat ko nazar andaz kya gya. joseph lister hi ki tehriren, khutbat or muzahire hi the jinhon ne haqiqatan tib ke shoba me antiseptic tadabir ki zarorat ko sabit kya

End of life

Apne is karname pr lister ko mutadid ejazat se nawaza gya. Wo 5 baras royal society ka sadar raha. Wo malika victoria ka zati mualij tha. Us ne shadi ki magar lawald raha. Wo karib 85 baras zinda raha. 1912 me wio englistan ke shehar walmer me fot hua.
 
 
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