Joseph Stalin Biography Summary

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Joseph Stalin was born on 18 December 1878 in Gory which is present in Russia , generally know as a leader of sovied union. He was a brilliant student, when he was just sixteen year old; Stalin got scholarship in Georgian orthodox tiflis spiritual seminary which was organized in Tbilisi. He was died on 5 March 1953, when he was 74 year old. In this page you will find and read joseph stalin life .

Height : 5 Feets 4 Inches

Joseph Stalin Books

The Foundations of Leninism(1924)
The Road to Power (1937)
The October revolution (1934)
On Chinese revolution (1970)
Economic Problems of Socialism in (1951)
The history of the communist party of the soviet union (1938)
Dialectical and Historical Materialism (1938)
Leninism (2017)
Marxism and the national colonial question (1934)
On Lenin (1920)
Trotskyism or Leninism (1924)
The results of the first Five-Year Plan (1933)
Anarchism or socialism? (1907)
The essential Stalin
My Dear Mr. Stalin: The Complete
Stalin's letters to Molotov 1925-1936 (1995)
Selected works (1936)
Mastering Bolshevism
The Stalin‑Kaganovich
Marxism vs. liberalism (1935)
The Stalin-Howard interview
An Interview with the German Author Emi

Stalin jis ka asli nam aiosef visaryo nowechzo gashwela tha kai sal tak sowet union ka amar raha. Wo jarjiya (kakes) qasbe “gori” 1879 me paida hua. Us ki madri zaban jorjain thi. Ye rosi zaban se khasi mukhtalif hai jise us ne bad me sikha or jise hamesha jorjain lehja ke sath bolta tha.
Stalin ki parwarish garib mahol me hui. Us ka chamar bap ek sharabi tha or bete ko betahasha marta tha. Wo 11 baras ka tha jab us ka bap chal basa. Aiosef ne “gori” me hi ek kalisa madarsa me talim hasil ki. Phir no jawani me “taflis” me alhayati alom ke madarsa me dakhil hua. 1899 me makhrab khayalat ke par char ke ilzam me use madarsa se kharij kar dya gya. Wo khufya mar kisi tehrik me shamil ho gya, phir jab tanzim me nafaq paida hua wo “balshuwek” dhare ka hami ban gya. 1917 tak tamam salon me wo tanzim ka ek fal rukun raha. Karib 6 bar wo giraftar hua. (lekin ek to use kam saza mili, doim wo ek se zaid martaba farar hone me kamyab ho gya. So ye khayal durst malom hota hai k darasal wo mukhalif sarkari jamat ka hi karinda tha). Isi arsa me us ne ek munasib farzi nam “Stalin” (ahini insan) ikhtayar kya.
Stalin ne 1917 ke ishtamali inqalab me koi haqiqi aham kirdar ada nahi kya tahum agle do barson me us ki faliyat boht barhi. 1922 me ishtamali jamat ka secretry gernal ban gya. Is ohde se use jamat ki intezamia me hehra asaro rasokh hasil hua. Jis ne iqtadar ki jang me jo linan ki wafat ke bad shuru hui use kamyabi dilwai.
Lenan wazah tor pr lione trataki ko apna janshn banana chahta tha. Apni siyasi waqat me lenan ne kah k Stalin ek safak admi hai or use secretry gernal ke ohde se foran barkhast kar dena chahye. Tahum 1924 ke awail me lenan ki wafat ke bad Stalin is vasiyat nama ko dabane me kamyab ho gya. Us ne “poltbro” ke do aham arakin liokaniof or gregori lionowef ke sath itehad banaya or ek “traika” banane m kamyab ho gya. Unhon ne mil kar tratski or us ke hamiyon ko shikast di. Tab syasi jang ka khilari zenowef or kaminof ki taraf mura or unhen bhi mat di. Baen bazo ki mutaharib qowaton (tratski, kaminof, zenowef or un ke tarafdaron) ko iqtadar ki jang me shikast dene ke bad Stalin ne apne aham siyasi mansubon pr kaam shuru kya. Thore hi arsa bad Stalin ishtamali jamat ke daen dhare ki taraf mutawaja hua jon pehle us ke halif the or unhen bhi shikast di. 1930 ki dehai me o sowet union ka matliqul anan amar ban gya.
1934 me iqtadar ke hath me ajane ke bad Stalin ne siyasi mazolyon ka ek khofnak silsila shuru kya. In mazolyon ke agaz ka sabab 1st december 1934 ko hone wala ek ala ishtamali officer or Stalin ke mashiron me se ek sargai krof ke qatal ke bad hua. Tahum ye amar baja malom hota hai k Stalin ne khud karof ko qatal ke ahkamat jari kye the. Kuch is lye k wo karof se khalasi chahta tha 2nd ainda hone wali siyasi mazolyon ko jawaz faraham karna chahta tha.
Agle chand barson me in afrad me se beshtar ko gadari ke ilzam me giraftar kar ke qatal karwaya gya jo 1917 ke ishtamali inqalab ke sar karda rehnumaon me se or jinhon ne lenan ke sath kaam kya tha. In me se beshtar ne awami adalton me apne jurm ka aetaraf kya. Ye bilkul aesi hi bat thi k thoms jefarsan sadar banne ke bad in tamam ahbab ko giraftar kar leta jinhon ne elan nama azadi or ain pr dastakhat kye the, sab pr gadari ka muqadma chalwata or inhen awami adalat me aetarf jurm pr majbor karta. 1932 me jis shakhs gezekyagoda ne in abtadai mazolyon ki nigrani ki thi. Khud usi pr muqadma chalaya gya. Us ne gadari ka ilzam qabol kya or use qatal kar dya gya. Isi mamle me us ke janshin nakalai yazof ko bhi ohde se mazol kar ke qatal kya gya.
1930 ki dehai ke hone wali jabri mazolyon ka daira kar ishtamali jamat or sowet maslah afwaj tak daraz tha. Ibtadan in ka hadaf ishtamaliyat ke mukhalifin ya digar inqalabi nahi the. (in me se beshtar ko lenan ke dor me hi mar dya gya) is ki bajae in mazolyon ka shikar ishtamali jamat ke arakin hi the. Stalin ne zaron ki police se zyada bedardi ke sath ishtamaliyat pasandon ka khon bahaya. Misal ke tor pr 1934 me jamat ki congres me muntakhab hone wale markazi company ke arakin me do tehai se zaid in mazolyon ke doran halak kar dye gae. Is se ye amar matarshah hota hai k Stalin ka bunyadi maqsad mulk ke andar ek mutaliqul anan hakumat ka qayam tha.
Stalin ke khufya police ke najaiz istamal, jabirana giraftariyon or qatalo garat giri or apni hakumat ke lye mamoli se bhi khatarnak shakhs ko tawil arsa bamushaqat asiri me rakhne ke amal ne awam ko dhamka kar ataat pr majbor kya. 1930 ki dehai ke ikhtatam tak wo jadd dor ki galiban intehai mutaliqul anan amriyat istawar kar chuka tha. Aesa hakumati dhancha jas ka asaro nafoz zindagi ke har shobe me tha. Or jis ke tehat koi awami azadi mumkin nahi thi.
Stalin ki waza karda mashi policiyan zaraat ke jabri irtakaz pr mabni thi. Ye policy kisanon me intehai napasandida thi, jabke is ki mukhalifat bhi khob hui. 1930 ki dehai ke awail me Stalin ke farman ke tehat lakhon mazdoron ko mar dya gya ya faqon se wo khud mar gae. Akhir ye policy maroj ho gai.
Ek or policy jo Stalin ne jabran aid ki wo sowet union me sanat kari ka sariul raftar farokh tha. Ye ek had tak 5 sala mansubon ke ek silsila ke zarye mukamal hua, jise ros ke elawa kai mumalik ne akhaz kya. Mutadid nahamwariyon ke bawajud Stalin ka sanato harfat ke farokht ka mansuba mukhtasar mudat me kamyab hua. Dosri jang azim me bepayan nuqsanat ke bawajud sowet union is jang ke malbe se dunya ki dosri azim sanati taqat ki hesiyat se ubhara (jabke haqiqat ye hai k Stalin ki waza karda zari or sanati policiyon ne sowet union ko shadid nuqsan pohnchaya).     
August 1939 me htler or Stalin ne marof adam jarhiyat ke muahide pr dastakhat kye. Agle do hafton me hitler ne magribi sarhad se poland pr hamla kya. Chand hafton bad hi sowet union mashriqi simt me poland pr hamla awar hua. Or mulk ke mashriqi nisf hisa pr qabza kar lya. Bas azan isi baras sowet union ne 3 azad riyasaton latoya, lethovnia or stonia pr hamla kar dya. Tino riyasaton ne bagair jang kye hathiyar dal dye or riyasat hae mutehda sowet ros se alhaq kar lya. Isi tor hamle ki dhamki ke zere asar romania ka ek hisa bhi ros se mulhiq hua. Funland ne in dhamkiyon ka koi asar nahi lya. Natijatan ros ne hamla kar ke funland pr qabza kar lya. Is jabri alhaq ke silsila ke mutaliq amoman ye mazirat pesh ki jati thi k ros ko nazi hakumat ke mutawaqa hamla ke peshe nazar difai maqasid ke lye in elaqon ki zarorat thi. Tahum jab jang tamam hui or germany ko mukamal shikast hui Stalin ne in maqboza elaqon me se kisi ko azad nahi kya. 
Jange azim doim ke ikhtatam pr rosi fojon ne mashiriqi europe ke ek bare hisa pr tasalat jama lya. Stalin ne ros ke tehat is tamam elaqa pr ishtamali hakumat qaim karne ke  is moka se bhar pur istafada kya. Yogo salavia me bhi ek marksi hakumat qaim hui chunke yogo salavia me rosi foji daste majud nahi the so ye rosi saltanat ka hisa nahi bane. Mashriqi europe ke digar mumalik ko yogo salavia ki misal ki taqlid se baz rakhne ke lye Stalin ne mashriqi europe ke maqboza elaqo me jabri mazolyon ka silsila shuru kya. Jang ke foran badke doe me “sard jang” ka agaz hua. Agarcha kuch naqdin ne is ke lye magribi rehnumaon ko mord ilzam thehrane ki koshish ki hai. ye bat bilkul wazah malom hoti hai k sard jang ki bunyadi waja Stalin ke tosih pasandana azaim the, or us ki ye khawahish thi k apne ishtamali nizam or rosi taqat ko dunya bhar me raij kya jae.
January 1953 me rosi hakumat ne elan kya k doctors ke garo ko ala rosi ahkam ko qatal karne ke ilzam me giraftar kya gya tha. Is iqdam se yahi zahir hota tha k Stalin mazolyon ka mazid ek silsila jari karne ka irada rakhta hai. tahum 5 march 1953 ko ye 73 sala borha amar masco me kremelan me fot ua. Us ki lash ko mehfoz kar lya gya or ejaz ke sath “red square” ke ajaib ghar me lenan ki mayuat ke barabar awami numaish ke lye rakh dya gya. Bad ke salon me Stalin ki toqir me bari tezi se kami aai, jabke aaj kal amomi tor pr use tamam ros me ek makarwa shakhsiyat ki hesiyat se jana jata hai.
Stalin ki khangi zindagi kamyab nahi thi. 1904 me us ki shadi hui. 3 sal bad hi us ki biwi tip daq me lahiq ho kar mar gai. Us ka wahid beta jekab jang azim doim me germaniyon ke hathon giraftar hua.germanon ne use qediyon ke tabadle ke tor pr istamal karne ki peshkash ki jise Stalin ne rad kar dya jekub garman asiri me hi mar gya. 1919 me Stalin ne dosri shadi ki. Us ki dosri biwi ne 1932 me khudkashi ki. Halanke afwahen is tor hain k Stalin ne hi use qatal kya ya use mar jane dya. Dosri shadi se us ke do bache hue. Ek beta rosi air force me officer tha, bad azan kasrat me noshi me mubtala hua or 1962 me fot hua. Stalin ki beti sotilana sowet union se farar ho kar america me ja basi.
Stalin ki shakhsiyat ki sab se aham khasosiyat us ki safakana tabiyat thi. Reham ke lye kisi tarha ki jazbati darkhawast us pr mamoli asar andaz bhi nahi hoti thi. Wo ek marizana had tak intehai shakki mjaz insan tha. Tahum wo ek nehayat qabil insan bhi tha. Boht pur josh, mustaqil mijaz or makar insan jab ke gair mamoli zahanat bhi use hasil thi.
Wo karib sadi ke chothai hisa tak sowet union ka amar raha or lakhon zindagiyon pr us ke asarat pare. Agar kisi amar ke apni nasal pr majmoi asarat ka tain is tor kya jae k us ke zere hakumat awam ki tadad, us ki zati ikhteyarat oe us ke jumla dor iqtadar ka is se tanasub banta hai to galiban tarikh me numayan tarin amar hota. Apni zindagi me Stalin ne lakhon afrad ko mot ke ghat utara ya jabri mushaqat ki aqobat gahon me bheja ya inhen faqa de kar mar dala (is hawale se sahih tarin malomat dastiyab nahi hain k hone wali mutadid mazolyon or phir amwat ki tadad kya hai, tahum ye 30 million ke lag bhag hai).
So is amar me kuch kalam nahi reh jata k Stalin ke mukhtasar dorania ke asarat nehayat ghehre or wasi the. Tahum apne hum asar aedolf hitler ki tarha (jis ne aksar us ka mawazna kya jata hai) us ke bare me bhi ye amar wazah nahi hai k ainda in ke asarat kis qadar dairpa hon ge.
Apni zindagi me Stalin ne ros ki sarhadon me tosi ki. Mashriqi europe me ek jasim saltanat qaim ki or riyasat hae mutehda sowet ros ki ek bari taqat bana dya jabke dunya ka koi gosha us ke asarat se bahar nahi tha. Tahum mazi ke chand barson me mashriqi europe ki ye rosi saltanat manhadam ho gau hai jabke sowet union 15 khudmukhtar riyasaton me taqsim ho gai hai.
Stalin ke dore hayat me sowet union ek bari police ki riyasat thi lekin Stalin ki mot ke bad khufya police ki holnak giraft dhili par gai hai. aaj rosiyon ko zyada shakhsi azadi hasil hai, jitni azadi un ke mulk ki tarikh me kabhi inhen nahi mili.
Stalin ka mashi mansuba marks or lenan ke afkar se makhoz tha. Jabke marks ne in policiyon ko tajwiz kya tha oe lenan ne inhen amlan muntabaq karne ki sai ki. Ye Stalin hi tha jo sowet union me bare pemane pr niji kasht kari or niji karobar ko band karwane me kamyab hua. Tahum wo tamam policiyan nakami ka shikar huin or ab to mukamal tor pr matrok ho chuki hain.
Is ke bawajud jo mujhe mehsos hota hai k amomi tor pr Stalin ke majmoi asarat ke mutaliq galat andaza lagaya jata hai. Joseph Stalin ek taqat ke khabt me mubtala amar nahi tha jis ne ek bare mulk pr 25 baras hakumat ki. “sard jang” ki bunyad rakh kar wo apni mot ke bad kai salon tak dunya ki tarikh ko asar andaz karta raha hai. dosri alamgir jang samet kisi jang ne dunya pr aese ghehre asarat nahi chore jitne sard jang ne muratab kye. Ye faqat ros or america hi nahi the jo mutasir hue, dunya ka har muljk is kashmaksh ke safarti or mashyati asarat tale aya. Jabke dunya ke kai ek khaton me us ki badolat jangen chiren. In do azim taqaton ke bich aslah ki dor jo agarcha tarikh ki gran tarin or sab se bari aslah ki dor thi, is kashmaksh ka faqat ek hi pehlo tha. Batarin bat ye hui k kai sal tak tamam dunya nucleai jang ke khatre tale dabi rahi jo tamam tehzib insani ko safha hasti se harfe mukarar ki tarha mita sakti thi.
Sard jang ke mutaliq ek gair muwafiq tasir hi paya jata hai jabke aksaryat ki khawahish hai k ye kisi tor tamam ho jae. Lekin saleha sal se murda Stalin ki taqat me kami nahi aai or wo kisi bhi zinda siyasi shakhsiyat se kahin zyada hamen mutasir kar raha hai. tarikh ki kisi bhi mosar shakhsiyat ki nasbat us ke bare me ye bat kahin baja ho gai k “insan jo burai karta hai wo us ki mot ke bad bhi mosar rehti hai?”

Sard jang khatam ho chuki hai or Stalin ke makarwo asarat bhi ab ikhtatam ko pohnch rahe hain. Hamen yad rakhna chahye k Stalin ke jaraim ke lye kuch qasorwar lenan bhi hai jis ne Stalin ki sifarish ko or us ke lye jaga banai. Tahum Stalin tarikh ki azimul jasa shakhsiyat thi. Ek safak zahin insan jise jald faramosh nahi kya ja sake ga.
 
 
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