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Louis Daguerre was born on 18 November 1787 in France. He was one of the most popular artist and photographer of his time, in 1821 he Warked with Charles Bouton for create the diorama theatre, he has allots of knowledge about the lighting and scenic effect. Louis Daguerre was generally known as a founder of daguerreotype process; Louis Daguerre was died on 1851 in the age of 63. In this page you will find and read Louis Daguerre biography in urdu hindi and roman urdu.
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Louis Daguerre

(Biography)

 

Birth Date : 18th November 1787

Death Date : 10th July 1851

Lois jeckois mande Daguerre hi wo admi tha, jis ne 1830 ki dahai ke awakhir me photography ke awalin amli tariqa hae kar daryaft kye.
Daguerre shumali france ke qasbe kaemilez me 1787 me paida hua. Jawani me wo ek musawar tha. Umar ki tisri dahai me ek diorama tayar kya. Us ne pesh ben tasveron se roshini ke mukhtalif tasirat ke sath ek shandar sif arain ki gai thi. Is kaam ke doran us ki dilchaspi ek mukhtalif nizam ki tarah mabzolo hui jis me kharji manazir ke aks barsh or rangon ke istamal ke bagair khud bakhud mehfoz ho jate hain, balfaz digar ye camere ke mansube ka agaz tha.
Aesa camera banane ki us ki awalin kawishen nakami se do char huin. 1827 me us ki mulaqat jozaf nesi fornepsi se hui jo us ke manind ek camera ejad karne ki sai kar raha tha (jabke is zaman me wo nasbatan zyada kamyab tha). Do sal bad wo shrakat dar ban gye. 1833 me nepsi fot ho gya. Daguerre ne apni kawishen jari rakhin. 1837 tak wo photography ka ek amli nizam tashkil dene me kamyab ho gya jise us ne “Daguerreo type” ka nam dya.
1839 me us ne is ejad ka awami muzahira kya jabke tab tak wo is ke haqoq sand hasil nahi kar saka tha. Is ke natije me francici hakumat ne Daguerre or nepsi ke bete ke lye tahayat wazifa ka taqarar kya. Daguerre ki ejad ke elan ne shadid awami dilchaspi ko tehrik di or wo ek aham shakhsiyat ban gya use ejazat dye gae jabke “Daguerreo type” ka istamal aam ho gya. 1851 me wo peres ke nazdik apne qasbati ghar me fot hua.
Chand hi ejadat ka photography jesa wasi almaqasid istamal hua. Scuienci tehqiqi ke karib har shobe me use bakasrat istamal kya jata hai. us ke sanati or askari shobon me bhi mukhtalif alno istamalat hain. Kuch logon ke lye ye ek sanjida no fun hai jabke lakhon afrad ise mashgala ke tor pr bhi apnate hain. Photographic tasveron se talim, sahafat or tashir or ashat ke shobon me malomat ka tabadla kya jata hai. chunke photo graphs me mazi ko mehfoz kya ja sakta hai so ye tamam aham taqribat ka jazo lainfk ban gain. Cinema ka fun us ki ek zamni tosi hai. ek taraf ye tafrihi maqsad pura karta hai to dosri taraf photography hi ki tarha is ki mutadid istalat hain.
Koi ejad mukamal tor pr ek hi fard se mansob nahi ki ja sakti. Us ke zahor me ane se pehle mutadid log is pr kaam karte hain. Daguerre ki kawishen us se pehle logon ki kawishon ne agla qadam thin. Camera obscura (jis me film wagera nahi hoti) Daguerre se karib 8 sadiyan pehle ejad ho chuka tha. 16th sadi eswi me grola mokar dano ne (C. obscura) me adsa lagane ki aham peshe raft ki. Is se ye jadid camere ki ek ibtadai sorat ikhtayar kar gya. Lekin chunke us ka paida karda aks mutaqil tor pr mehfoz nahi hota tha use photography nahi kaha ja sakta tha. Ek dosri aham ibtadai daryaft 1727 me johan sholz ne ki. Jis ne malom kya k chandi ke shore pr roshni nehayat shidat se asar andaz hoti hai. agarcha us ne is daryaft ko arzi aks banane me istamal kya lekin wo is tasawer ko tose na de saka.
Daguerre ka zamani aetabar se karib tarin pesh ro nepsi tha. Jo bad azan Daguerre ka sharakat dar ban gya. Karib 1820 me nepsi ne daryaft kya k yahuda ka naft (bitumen ) jo ek tarha ka ral hai roshni se asar angez hota hai. us ne camera obscura ke sath is mawad ke ishtarak se dunya ki awalin photographs banaen. Isi bais kuch log nepsi ko hin photography ka asal mojid qarar dete hain.tahum nepsi ka photography ka tariqa kar srasar naqabile amal tha. Use expos karne ke lye 8 ghante ka waqfa darkar hota. Jis ke bad ek qadre mabham tasawer baramad hoti.
Daguerre ke tariqa kar me silver iodided ke lep wale ek kagaz pr ye aks mehfoz hota hai. jabke is me tasver expose karne me 15 se 20 mint darkar hote. Jis se ye tariqa kar kisi na kisi had tak amli tor pr qabile istafada ho gya. Daguerre ke awami muzahire ke bad do salon me hi digar afrad ne is tariqa kar me mamoli tarmim ki. Yani naqrai iodided ki jaga naqrai bromide istamal me laya jane laga. Is mamoli tabdili se exposing ka mutalba waqt gair mamoli had tak mukhtasar ho gya jis se photography ke zarye porteret banane mumkin ho gae.
1839 me jab Daguerre ko apni ejad pesh kye zyada waqt nahi guzra tha. Ek angrez scientist willium henry foks talbot ne elan kya k us ne photography ka ek naya yaksar tariqa kar waza kar lya hai. jis me pehle negative banaya jata hai, jo aaj bhi mustamal hai. ye amar baise dilchaspi hai k talbot ne apni awalin tasveren 1835 me tayar kar li thi. Wo digar mansubon me masrof tha so fori tor pr is ejad pr tawaja nahi de saka agar wo aesa kar leta to wo Daguerre se bhi pehle tijarti aetabar se ek qabile amal photography ka nizam paish kar deta or yun aaj use photography ka asal mojid taslim kya jata.
Ainda barson me Daguerre or talbot ne photography me mutadid izafe kye. Nimdar takhti ka amal, khusht takhti ka amal, jadid fite wali film, rangin photography, mutehrik tasveri nizam poloride photography or xerography wagera.

Ye sach hai k photography ka wo tariqa jo aaj hamare zere istamal hai, “Daguerre graphy” se chand mukhtalif hai. tahum jab in me se koi tariqa kar ikhtara nahi hua tha tab “Daguerreo graphy” hi hamare lye photography ka ek qabile istamal umdah tariqa tha.