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Maharaja ranjit singh was born on 13 November 1780 in Gujrawala, and expired on 27 June 1839 in Lahore Punjab, sikh empire. He was the founder of Sikh empire, in 19th century. In this page you will find and read f Maharaja ranjit singh biography in Urdu Hindi and Roman urdu.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh

(Biography Of Maharaja Ranjit Singh)

 

Introduction

Raja Ranjit singh 13 november 1780 ko peda hua. pedaish ke waqt iska name "both singh" rakha gya yani "akal mand" lakin bap ne bad me badal kar "Ranjit singh" yani "medan jeetne wala" rakha. iska bap mah singh sikhon ka mashl shukar chakya ka sardar or walda raj ko rajn ke sardar ghajpat singh ki beti thi. goro gobend jinho ne sikho ko ek foji kom banaya 1708 me wafat pa chuke the.wali hukumat ke anhatat ke sath sath sikh takat pakarty gai or choty choty jinho me munzalm hone lage.pani pet ki tesri jang (1761) ke bawajood sikh 1764 me lohar par qabez hogai. sikho ki 12 maslen ya garda kaym hogai or inho ne panjab ke bare hisse ko apas me takseem kar liya. 1792 me is ke walid mah singh ki wafat ke bad is ka aklota beta Ranjit singh shakar chakya masal ka sir barah bana. ye masal rachna do ab me gojranoala ke ilaka me abad thi.Ranjit singh apni walda raj kor or is ke mushtarkar lakhpet rai ki sir parasti me parwan chare. inki ibtadai zindagi lad pyar,aesh oashrat me guzri.parai likhai ki taraf tawaja na thi.1796 me Ranjit singh ki shadi sardar gor bashk ki beti mehtab kor se hui.Ranjit ging ne neky masal ki ek raj kamal raj kor se bhi shadi rachai or wohi inki kash mahrani thi or rani mehtab kor ka rutba yakeenan neki raj kor se kam tar tha.

Leadership

17 baras ki umar me Ranjit singh ne hukumat ke sare akhtyarat sambhal li. inki hukumat ki rah me jo bhi aia aese har jayz o na jayez tarika se daba dia gya. Ranjit singh shaklan "badsorat" chechek ro or ek chasham tha lakin tabhin zianat,jafa koshe,pamardi,buland hosalgi o mamla fahmi ki salayaton me dunya ke mane hui jalnelon me gina jata hai.iski kamyabi ka raz ye hai ke is ne sikho ki muktalif maslon ko yakja kar ke ek sikh hukumat ki bunyad rakhi.wo darya satlaj or jamna ke darmiyan ki sikh  reyaston ko bhi milana chata tha. lakin in reyasto ne bartish hukumat ki madat leni chaye. kabil ke hakumran zaman shah 1793-98 kr darmiyan panjab par hamla kya or Ranjit singh ko lohar ka kornar mukarar kya. lakin Ranjit singh kud muktar hakumran ban betha or 1799 me lohar par apni hukumat kayam karli.1805 me amir tasirka ilaka fatha hua.1811 me kangara ka ilaka or atk ka ilaka fatha kya.1818 me multan or 1819 me kashmir ko bhi apni reyasat me shamil kar liya.1823 me peshwar bhi is ke kabze me agya. is tarha Ranjit singh ki saltanat mashrik ki taraf to na bhar saki lakin afgan hukumat he kamzori ki waja se iski saltanat shumar or shumar magrib ki taraf phel gai.1809 me angrazon ke sath ehad nama amir tasir qarar paya jis ki roh se daryai taslaj ko had qarar dia gya or thy kya ga ke sikh hukumat or angraz ek dosre ki saltanat me madakhalat nahi karen ge.mahraja Ranjit singh ka dor hukumat 1799 tak hai is ne panjab ki maksos rowayat,maksos andaz fikar o andaz zindagi ko apne intezam saltanat ke liye bunyadi pemana samja or aesi ko banaty hui wakti zaroratonke hal ke liye ek kabil amal or kamyab hukumat kayam ki. mahraja apne nezam ka matalak algan sir barha tha. apne ahkam panjabi me deta tha or manshi inko farsi me tafsil likhta tha.is ke bad ye parwane mahraja ko phar kar sunai jaty the jo in ki manzori ke tor par apni mehr masbat karta. is par "mala kta shud" ke neche gor makhi me"ikli sahi Ranjit singh" darj hota. is ke bad parwana secriteriat me jata or iski nakle tayar kar ke ahkamat ki baja awari ka amal shoro hota. mahraja ke darbar me ala ehado par afrad ka bala imteyaz mazab taqarar kya jata tha is me inki ehmyat or mahraja ki khshnodi ko sub se zada dakhal hota tha.mahraja ke eham taren mashyeron me ek raja dayan singh  tha jo ke kashmiri dogara foji me am sepai tha or taraki karty karty wazir azam ke ehad tak poch gya tha. is ke dosre do bhai raja gulab singh (jisne kashmir angrazo se 75 lak rupe ke gos khirda tha) or raja sapyat singh dono aham ehado par faiza the. mahraja ke musalman darbaryo me faqir aziz aladin or in ke chote bhai faqir noor aladin or faqir imam aladin both mashor the. in ke ilawa mufti mohmmad shah bhi darbar me aham mukam rakhty the.Ranjit singh ke dor hukumat ka maliyati nezam nehyat mazlim tha. hukumat ki zada tar amdani ka ansar taxsiyon,nazrana,zabti,abakari,chokiyat or maliya wegara par tha.kesi bhi nezam saltanat par nezam amal nehyat amal ahem ehsyat rakhta hai.iski noyat or kardgi hukumat or rahya ke darmiyan ba hami ethmad  or mahsharti  asodgi ke liye mohmmad maawan  sabit hoti hai. Ranjit singh ke inaaram saltanat  se kabal mugal hukumat ke zer intezam ek sharye nezam amal kayam tha. is me sir barah mumlikat ki marzi ke sayh sath islami talimat or faqa ki roshni me fasla kye jaty the. Ranjit singh ne apne nezam adal ka bunyadi mohal rowayat ko hi rakha or is nezam me muktalif mazab se talook rakhne walon ka fasla in ke akhayat ke mutabik kya jata tha ya iska khyal zaror rakha jata tha.mahraja Ranjit singh ke nezam saltanat par "panch peron" ko suprin korte ki eshyat hasil thi.inka intakab khalsta mazhabi bunyadon par hota tha or ye tamam sikh mazab se talaq rakhty the. in ke zime sikh mazab ko tamam khalfashar or ger salamti se bachana or in ke nezami amorty karna or dosre mazabi amor ki anjam woahi thi.tamam sikh mahraja Ranjit singh oe dosre raje apne apko in ke tabi samajte the.mahraja Ranjit singh ne ek musalman aurat "nora" nami ko apne hurm me dakhil kia to sikhon ne isko bura jana.panj pyaron ne Ranjit singh par mukadma chalaya or isko soa lakh rupia jurmana aied kardia.Ranjit singh ne ye taslim kya or jurmane me kami ki darkast ki jo manzor hui or 5 hazar rupe qarar paya jo mahraja ne ada kya. Ranjit singh ke nezam adal me mujrimon ko di jane wali sazaon ki noyat mesali hoti thi. or is saza ke fard par asrat ko bhi malhoz rakha jata tha. dewani mukadmat me am tor par jurmane ki saza di jati thi jis me se digri shud rakm  ka 1/4 hissa harne wala bator jurmana or jitne wala bator shakrana sarkari  khazane me jama karwata tha. fojedari jaraim me am tor par jismani sazai di jati thi. in jarim me daka, agwa,khuwatin  ki be hurmati or chori shamil the.mujlim ko kore or bed lagai jate the.mu kala kar ke sher ghamana,peshani dag dena,nak,kan ya bazu kat dena shamil the. sazai mot ke hawale chan  ek hi milte hai. lakin is ke kahi gonnar ye saza aksar de dia karte the.mahraja Ranjit singh ne inthai manjim foji nezam ki bunyad rakhi or muktalif afowaj khalsa,piada,gersawar,top khana,akali foj kayam ki.mahraja apni foj or sathyo ko ala kar kardgi par inamat se nawazta tha or galti par saza bhi deta tha jis se foj me shamil afrad me ahsas zemadari kayam rehta tha. is nezam ki badolat sikh foji is paya ko panchi ke Ranjit singh ke marne ke 10 sal bad is foj ko sajish ke zarya tabha karne ke bawajood angrazon ne lard dalhozi ki kiadat me panjab par bari mushkil se kabza kya.Ranjit singh ne mazbot  kharja hikmat hamli ki bunyad rakhi or beroni hukumaton ke sath behtar taloqat kayam kye jis se is ke dor aktedar ki toalat me izafa hua.Ranjit singh ka dor hukumat apne seyasi pes manzar me toteti hui hindostani reasaton ke darmiyan ek azeem reasat ka kayam tha.mahraja Ranjit singh ke dor me zarayat or sanat ko eksar nazar andaz kia gya lakin is ke bawajood dosre muktalif kamyab huamil ne Ranjit singh ke dor hukumat me mahshi kush hali or ajtamai salamti ke sabab peda kye

End of his life

maharaja ranjit singh 1839 me lohar me wafat pa gya. is ki yadgar badshahi majid ke kareeb hai jaha iski rakhi ko dafan kar ke ek tareki or mazabi mukam ki hasyat di gai hai.