Max Planck Life story

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The Great physician max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck was born on 23rd day of April 1858 in Kiel. Duchy of Holstein German. He got education from Berlin University and got degree of doctorate from Munich University in physics. After that he started his career as a teacher in Munich and Kiel University. After that he became professor of Berlin University. In 1900 he surprised science world through his bold assumption that radiant energy doesn’t release in face of continuously flow infect it is a small packets which is called Quanta. Idea of Quantum is initial point which has done revolution Revolution in the field of physician; he gave us knowledge about substance and radiation. Like other miscellaneous scientists or physicians he also entrusted in black body radiation. This name has given a electromagnetic radiations which released from black body due to provide them heat. He discovered algebraic criteria which perfectly explain the radiation. Plank is usually known due to his great efforts like, planks law of black body radiation, plank constant, plank postulates and etc. He is usually known as the father of Quantum Mechanics. After some year it has proved that Plank’s concepts about Quantum could be use in many other fields of physics else black body radiations. He got many Nobel awards, Nobel Prize in physics, Max Plank Medal, Goethe prize, Copley Medal and Lorentz Medal. He died at the age of 89 in 4th day of October 1947 in Gothingen, Lower Saxony Germany. In this page you will find and read max planck history of science library.

His services In The Field Of Science

December 1900 me german mahir tabiat mex plunck ne apne in juratmandana mafrozat se science ki dunya ko chonka dya k radiant energy ( ye roshni ki lehron se paida hoti hai ) ek musalsal bahao ki sorat me kharij nahi hoti balke choti choti shaqon or dalon pr mushtamil hoti hai. jinhen us ne quanta ka nam dya. Planck ka mafroza roshni or barqi maqnatisiyat ke clasici nazaryat ka istardad tha. Ye quantum nazaryat ke lye nuqtae agaz ki hesiyat rakhta hai jinhon ne physic me inqalab barpa kya or made or radiant ke mutaliq hamare ilm me izafa kya. 

Introduction

Planck german ke shehar kel me 1858 me paida hua. Us ne barlan or mionkh ki universities me tehsil ilm kya or 21 baras ki umar me mionkh universities se physic me doctor ki degree hasil ki. Kuch arsa me wo mionkh university or phir kel university me bhi parhata raha. 1889 me wo barlan university me professor ban gya jahan wo 1928 me apni retairment tak raha.

As a scientist

Digar mutadid scientist ki manind woh siyah ajsam ki radiation me dilchaspi rakhta tha. Ye nam barqi maqnatisi radiant ko dya gya tha jo garam kye jane pr siyah hone wale ajsam se kharij hoti hai (ek nmukamal siyah jisim ki tarif yun ki jati hai jis se kisi roshni ka inakas nahi hota balke wo khud se takrane wali tama roshni ko jazb kar leta hai ). Tajurbati mahirin tabiaat ne aese ajsam se kharij hone wali rays ki mohtat andaz me pemaish ki thi ye sab kuch planck ke us mozo pr kaam shuru karne se qabal ho chuka tha. Planck ki awalin kamyabi is wazah tor pr pechida algebraic kalya ki daryaft thi jo sahih tor pr siyah ajsam ki radiant ko bayan karta tha. Is kalye ne jo aaj nazaryati tabiat me aksar istamal hota hai tajurbati koif ko sarihan malkhis kar dya. Lekin is se ek masla paida hua k tabiat ke musalma qawanin ek yaksar mutagair kalya waza karte the.
Planck ne is masla pr boht gor kya. Alialakhir us ne ek qati naya nazarya waza kya k radiant energy ek ibtadai akai ki makhsos kasrat se kharij hoti hai jise planck ke quantum ka nam dya. Planck ke nazarya ke mutabiq roshni ke ek quantum ke volume ka inhesar roshni ke tadad (frequency) pr hai. (maslan is ka rang wagera ) or ye ek tabi miqdar ke mutanasib hoti hai jise planck ne mukhtasaran “h” ka nam dya, jise ab planck ki miqdar (planck’s constant) likhte hain. Planck ka mafroza tan mojud tabiat ke tasawarat se chandan mukhtalif tha. Tahum us ke istamal se us ne siyah ajsam ki radiant ke lye sahih kalya ko nazaryati tor pr akhaz kya.
Planck ka mafroza is qadar inqalabi noiyat ka tha k agar planck ek ragat pasand mazbot mahir physician ke totb pr mashor na hota to bilashuba is mafroza ko ek majnonana khayal samjh kar rad kar dya jata. Agarcha mafroza anokha malom hota tha lekin is ki misal me us ne ek durst kalya ki taraf rehnumai ki.
Awal awal beshtar mahirin physician (bashamol planck) ne is mafroze ko ek taskin bakhshi riyaziyati chatkala hi tasawar kya. Chand salon ke bad ye sabit hua k “quantum” ke mutaliq planck ke tasawer ko siyah ajsam ki radiant ke elawa mutadid tibi mazahir me bhi muntabiq kya ja sakta hai. ainstain ne 1905 me barqi roshi (photoelectric) ke asarata ki wazahat ke lye ise istamal kya. Jabke neils bohar 1913 me apne atomic structure ke nazarye ko pesh karte hue ise zere istamal laya. 1918 me jab planck ko nobel inam mila to ye wazah ho chuka tha k us ka mafroza bunyadi tor pr durst tha or ye k har tabi nazarya me bunyadi ahmiyat ka hamil hai.
Nazion ke khilaf planckn ke khayalat ne use hitler ke dor me shadid khatre se do char kya. 1945 me hitler ko qatal karne ki foji afsaron ki nakam shajish me shamuliyat ki bunyad pr us ke bete ko qatal kar dya gya. 
End of life
99 baras ki umar me 1947 me planck fot hua. Quantum machanics ka nazarya 20 th century ki aham tarin scienci peshe raft shumar hota hai. hata k use ainstain ke izafiyat ke nazaryat se bhi zyada waqi tasawer kya jata hai. “planck ki miqdar” (h) tabi nazarya me bunyadi kirdar ada karti hai. or ab use tabiat ki 2 ya 3 intehai bunyadi “miqdaron” me shumar kya jata hai. is ka itlaq atomic structure ke nazarya hesenberg ke gair yakiniyat ke asol (principle of uncertainity) radiant ke tasawer or mutadid digar scienci kalyon me hua hai. Planck ko quantum mechenics ka bani kaha jata hai. agarcha us ne is nazarya me bad me hone wale izafon me kam kirdar ada kya lekin use kam darja dena gair munasib hoga. Wo nuqtae agaz jo planck ne hamen dya wo nehayat waqi hai. us ne insani azhan ko ibtadai galat fehmion se nijat dilai or apne muqaldin ko is qabil banaya k is bunyad pr wo ek shandar nazarya ki imarat istawar karen jo aaj bhi mojud hai.
 
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