Maulana Muhammad Hussain Azad

(Biography)

 
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Muhammad Hussain Azad was born on 10 June 1830 and expired on 1916, was known as Urdu poet and he wrote many poetry and prose. He is one one of the best poet and hi best work is aab-e-hayat. In this page you will find and read biography of Muhammad Hussain Azad in Urdu Hindi and Roman urdu.

Introduction

Azad dili ke ek mashor or mastand khanoadha ilam o fazal se taloq rakty the. aam tor par ye rawait beyan ki jati hai ke ek ek irani alim molana mohmmad shakor jin ka silsila nasb hazrat sulman farsi se milta tha ahed shah alam me hamdan se hijrat kar ke wali a base. molana mohmmad shakor  ulum madawala me dastga kamil rakhty the or ulum mazabi ki asnad bhi in ke pas thi. molana mohmmad shakor ne farzanda mohmmad ashraf ko ulum din ki talim kud di or in ke intekal ke bad molana mohmmad ashraf hi in ke janashi hui. molana mohmmad ashraf ki shadi iran me hui. inho ne apne farzanda mohmmad akhbar ki shadi bhi iran me hi ki. molana mohmmad akhbar bhi alim or majhad the. in ke taloq mashor hai ke dars urdu na bol paty the lakin in ke farzanda molovi mohmmad bakar ne shumali hind me urdu akhbar noshi ko bam urooj par ponchaya or phir molovi bakar ne farzanda arjamand molovi maulana muhammad hussain azadne urdu adab me jo phol khilai inki mehk aj bhi kayam hai. maulana muhammad hussain azad18 zial.hajj 1245 bamutabik 10 june 1830 ko peda hui.


Educatuon

maktabi talim se farig hone ke bad azad dehli collage me dakhil hogai. dehli collage is lehaz se bari hamyat ka hamil tha ke waha kadim o jadid ki talimi amezsh mojod the. azad dehli collage me numaya or mumtaz rahe. azad ko bachpan hi se mutala ka shoq tha or inka mutala mez nasab tak medod na tha balke wo har qasam ki katab, akbar o rasil parhty the. collage me azad ko dapti nazir ahmad, manshi zika allah or khawaja zia aladin jese hum jamato se wasta parha jo apni tezi or baraki tabha ke sabab mashor the. mansi zaka allah se in ke taloqat ta hayat rahe.


As a poet

azad ko ek taraf zahin jamato ki mohabat mili or dosri taraf fazil asataza ki shafkat mesar ai. in dono anasir ne azad ke zahin ko pori tarha bedar kar dia. dehli collage ke sath sath azad ko  ustad ibrahim zok ka saya atfat bhi mil gya. is silsele me wo apne tamam hum jamato me manfard or mumtaz nazar aty hai. dewan zok me azad ne mutad aese wakyat likhe hai jin se pata chalta hai ke ustad zok in ka khas khyal rakhty the. azad aksar sham ke waqt ustad zok ki kidmat me hazir hoty or tatil ke roz sara din in ke sath guzarty. 15 baras ki umar me azad ustad zok ke sath dilhi ke mashairo me bhi jane lage or is tarha inhe hosh  sambhalty hi dilhi ke bazam sakan tak rasai hasil hogai. ustad zok ke intekal ke bad azad jaha abad ke ek or kush go shair hakim aga jan ishq ki kidmat me hazir hui or in se istefada karty rahe. collage ke talim se faragat ke bad wo dehli urdu akbar se wabasta ho gai. is zamane me inki nasri tehrir or shairi muktalif akbarat o jaraid me shai hone lagi. azad ki umar kam obesh 26 sal ki thi ke 10 may 1857 ko merht se ek aesa shola bharka jis ne dekhty dekhty sare mulk ko apni lepet me le liya. 11 may ko dilhi me bhi hangamy shuro hogai. azad dilhi se nikal kar lakhno rawana hogai. lakhno me ab bhi parcham haryat rehra raha tha or dilhi ke ba kamalo ko apne daman afayat o qadar shanasi me panha dene ki masthasin rawayat bhi lakhno me mojod thi. mer, soda, mashafi or insha allah khan  insha jese astadan fan ne lakhno hi ko apna malja o mavi banaya tha. azad ko bhi lakhno ki agosh me panha mili. azad takriban 10 sal bad lakhno se lohar agai or yaha a kar gorment collage lohar se wabasta hogai. wo collage me arbi parhaty the is doran inho ne matad talimi tasanif taklik kye. gorment collage lohar ke in dono ji. inki rafakat or hosla afzai ne azad ke hosle boland kar dye or wo nay ajaim ke sath karjar hayat me saf basta hogai. idher latarz ne adbi fiza ki saz gari ko dekty hui "anjuman panjab" ki bina dal di. azad is anjuman ke sir garam rukn rahe or is anjuman ke zarya apni khuda dad salaiyato ko bazwaq afrad ke samne pesh kya. azad collage me anjuman ke jalso me apni jolani tabha ke jo har dokha rahe the ke achanak zok sehat ki takmil ka ek nadir moka hath agya or wo iran, afganistan, tarkistan or wasti aeshia ke safar par rawana hogai azad muktalif mulko ke safar se wapis a kar dobara mulazmat par agai or tasnif o talif me mashgul hogai. 1885 me inki beti ka intekal hogya. wo is sadme ko bardash na kar sake or is se itne mutasir hue inki shakseyat me pehle se mojod mamuli dewangi ne jiwan ki shakal ikhtar kar li, be khwabi ka shekar hogai, azad alim jiwan me lohar sr dili or phir lakhno pedal gai sir syed ahmad khan se mulaqat ki, azad ki zindagi ke akri 20 sal aesi majbori or be chargi me guzre, almi adab me is kisem ki misalkamyab hai ke alim jewan me kesi adib ne tasanif takhlik kiho lakin azad ne is dard me bhi aesi kitab tehrik kye jo apne mojo apne noyat or wo qalmoni ki waje se hamesha dilchaps ka bais rahi hai.

His books
azad ki nasri or shaire tanasif darj zeel hai:
1: adab hayat. 2: nernag khyal. 3:nagar istan fars. 4: darbar akhbar. 5: uardu ki pheley, dusri, tasri, or choti katiab. 6: derama akhbar. 7: qasas hind. 8: jama alquda. 9: aina seht. 10: nasyat ka kiran phol. 11: farsi quait. 12: urdu quait. 13: qaz parsi. 14: amoz gar parsi. 15: kainat arab. 16: taskara ulma. 17: makatib azad. 18: shezada ibrahim ki kahani. 19: naat azad. 20: sher iran. 21:maktobat azad. 22: makashifat azad. 23: seyak o namak. 24:falsafa alyat. 25: janwae istan. 26: farsi ki pehli, dosri kitab. 27: beyaz azad. 28: dewan zok. 29: nazam azad. 30: zamkada azad.
in ke ilawa be shomar matbowa tanasif hai.
azad ki adbi shakseyat bari pehlodar hai. agar cha inki shakseyat ka daro madar insha pardazi par hai lakin wo urdu ke aw’walien mehqaq, adbi morak, naqad,drama noyes, lasani mafkar, talimi masnif or jadid urdu shaire aw’walien meyar bhi hai. inki shakseyat ke ye tamam pehlo both aham hai lakin insha pardazi in sub par galib agai hai. azad urdu ke sahab tarz insha pardaz hai. inka aslob or zuban urdu adab me manfard hasyat ka hamil hai. azad ne jis dor me ankh kholi wo urdu nasar ka por taklif dor tha. mera man ki "bag o bhar" wajud me a chuki thi lakin arbab ilam zahori or bedar ke itbha par fakar karty the. azad ek taraf is rujhan se mutasir hue or dosri taraf inho ne dehli urdu akbar ki sadgi or dilhi collage ki sales nasar se bhi istefada kya. azad ne in dono ke amtejaj se ek nay rah nikalne ki koshis ki. sadgi or salasat ki faza me parwarish pane ke bawajud wo abu al fazal,  zahori, bedil or nemat khan ali se bhi both mutasir the. zahori ki nazuk kheali ne inhe khas tor par apni taraf mutawaja kya. is ke sath inhe farsi  zuban or arbi se bhi aolana mohabat thi. azad ne apne aslob ke zarya kadim andaz or tarz jadid me mofahamat peda karne ki she ki hai. wo na pure tor par jadid andaz ke hero hai or na lakir ke faqir. inho ne dono ke hassan ko yakja kya hai.zahni itbar se wo mazi parst the lakin mahol ke taqazo se majbor ho kar inho ne tarha no ka rag alapa. zahin or mohal ki is matzad kash ma kash ne in ke aslob me ek kash tarha ki tawanai peda ki hai. azad ke aslob ki sub se numaya kusosiyat ye hai ke ye inki shaksiyat ka mukamal or bhar por izhar hai. azad apni har tehrir me sans lety chalty phirty or baten karty nazar aty hai. wo azad khyal or jazbati insan the. tarz no ke mablik hoty hui bhi wo zahini tor par mazi ke bashandy the. inhe mazi or iski har chiz se ishq tha. inki dunya khyali dunya thi. wo apne zahin ki tarasi hui dunya me magan hai. inki shaksiyat me naram, dihma pan or waqar tha.kam o besh yehi kefiyat in ke aslob me bhi pai jati hai. inka aslob bhi khyali or jazbati hai. azad ki fitrat me jarat randana balik na thi. wo khel kar tariz nahi karty balke is ke liye latif peraya azhar talash karty hai. azad ka aslob inki shakseyat ka mukamal tarjuman hai. azad ka aslob or shakseyat dono ek dosre se is tarha peosat hai ke inhe alag nahi kya ja sakta.azad apni masori ke zarye jazbad ohesasat ko jita jagta rop ata karty hai inhe tajsim  o tashkhiska bara shoq tha or is me inhe malka bhi hasil tha. azad ka zakira alfaz bara west tha.jakhira alfaz ke silsele me urdu adab ka koi insha pardaz ke mukable par nahi ata. azad ki zuban me classicki rachao ortezibi shor hai.lasani mafkar hone ki waja se inhe urdu zuban ke artaqa ka sahi andaza tha. wo urdu ko is ke sir chasme se dor  nahi karna chaty the is bina par inho ne bari pakiza or kubsurat zuban istamal ki hai. inki tehrir  parhne wale ko mukamal tor par apne sher me girftar kar leti hai.

End of  life
urdu adab in ke lafzo ke bagat se hamesha mehkta rahe ga. urdu adab ki ye azeem hasti  1910 ko qad janun se azad ho kar mulk ham ke safar par rawana hui.apka man fan ahata karbala ga me shah me wakia hai.
 
maulana muhammad hussain azad biography in urdu
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