Napoleon Bonaparte History in Urdu

(napoleon bonaparte in urdu)

 
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Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15 august 1769, he generally known as Napoleon. He was French military and also a politician, his father name is Nobil Carlo Bonaparte. Napoleon had just one elder brother his name was Joseph further siblings was younger then Napoleon Bonaparte, here you can read about the Napoleon life style, his political view’s and much more.. In this page you will find and read napoleon bonaparte biodata.

Born Date: 15th August 1769

Death Date: 5th May 1821

Height: 5 feet 6 inch

Mother Name: Letizia Ramolino

Father Name: Carlo Buonaparte

Religion: Roman Catholic

Azim francici sipasalar or shehzada napoleon awal 1769 me korsika ke shehar “ajasio” me paida hua. Us ka asal nam nepolian bona part tha. Us ki paidaish se sirf 15 mah qabal hi “korsika” france ki qalmaro me shamil hua tha. Apni jawani me napoleon pr karosiki qomiyat parasti ka jazba tari tha wo france ko gasbin tasawer karta tha. Napoleon ko france me askari adaron me bheja gya jahan 1785 me us ne 16 baras ki umar me graduation ki or francici leftenant bn gya.
4 sal bad inqalab france ka agaz hua. Agle chand barson me nayi francici hakumat muta beroni taqaton se barsar pekar hoai. Khud ko numaya kar ka pehla moka nepolian ko 1793 me tolon ke mahasire ke moka pr mila (jis me francicion ne angrezon se shehar ko azad karwa lya). Is mahaz pr wp top khane ka nigran tha. (tab tak karosiki qomiyat parasti ka soda us ke sar se utar chuka tha or wo khud ko francici bashinda tasawer karne laga tha). Tolon me us ki kamyabion ke sile me use bregedier geral ke ohde pr taraqi de di gai. 1796 me use itlay me francici foj ki kaman sonpi gai. Wahan 1796 – 7 me nepolian ne shandar fatohat hasil kin. Peres wapsi pr us ka hero ki tarha istaqbal hua.
1798 me napoleon ne misar me francici yalgar i qayadat ki use mat hui. Khushki pr nepolian ki fojon ne fatah hasil ki lekin lardnelsan ki qayadat me bartanwi beharya ne francici bere ko tabah kar dya. 1799 me napoleon apni foj se alehdah ho kar france wapas agya.
France wapsi pr use andaza hua k francici meham me us ki nakami ke bawasf francici awam atley me us ki fatohat ke qise ko bholi nahi thi. Isi aetamad ke sahare apni wapsi ke ek mah bad hi nepolian ne “abisez” wagera ke sath foji inqalab me hisa lya. Ye jang ek nayi hakumat ke qayam ki sorat me munataj hui. Jo hukam salasa pr mushtamil thi. Napoleon awal hakim ke ohde pr faiz tha. Agarcha ek tafsili ain apnaya gya or awam ki rae hasil kar ke us ki tosiq bhi karwai gai lekin ye mehaz napoleon ki askari amriyat ko sowang dene ka amal tha, jis ne jald hi apne digar harifon pr bartari hasil kar li. Napoleon ka iqtadar pr qabiz hone ka amal bara sabk ro tha. August 1793 me tolon ke mahasire se pehle wo 24 baras ka ek gumnam mamoli afsar tha jis ka jae paidaish bhi france se bahar tha. Mehaz 6 sal ke arsa me jabke napoleon ki umar faqat 23 baras thi wo france ka ek gair mutanaza hukmaran ban gya jis ohde pr wo agle 14 bars faiz raha.
Apne dor iqtadar me nepolian ne france ke intazami dhanche or qanoni nizam me bunyadi tramim kin. Misal ke tor pr us me maliyati or adalti nizam me aslah ki. Us ne france me bank or university ka sang bunyad rakha. Tamam intezamiya ko wafaq se milaya. Agarcha in me har iqdam nehayat waqih or chand ek misalon me zor asar bhi tha lekin france se bahar dunya pr un ke asarat gair aham the.
Napoleon ke islahat me se ek ke asarat albata france ki hadud se pare tak phel gae. ye francici diwani zabta ki tashkil thi. Use “code napoleon” napoleon ka zabta kaha jata hai. mutadid hawalon se is zabta me inqalab france ke boht se khawabob ki tabir mojud thi. Maslan zabta ke tehat kisi ko paidaishi marat hasil nahi thi. Qanon ki nazar me har shakhs brabar tha. Sath hi sath zabta frabcii qawanin or rawayat se hamahang hone ke nate francici awam or qanoni tabqat ke lye bhi qabile qabol tha. Man hesul majmoa ye zabta matadil or marbot tha or use laiq tehsin aejaz or gair mamoli sarahat ke sath qalam band kya gya tha natijatan har zabta na sirf france me lago hua (mojuda francici diwani zabta, napoleon ke asal zabta se herat angez tor pr mumasil hai) balke ye muqami tramim ke sath digar mumlikat me bhi qabol kya gya.
Ye israr napoleon ki hikmat amli ka hamesha ek hisa raha k wo inqalab ka mahafiz hai. 1804 me us ne khud ko france ka shehzada qarar dya. Us ne apne 3 bhaion ko bhi digar europi riyasaton me tainat kya. In iqdamat se bilashuba chand francici riyasaton me us ke khilaf napasandidgi ka tasir paida kya q k awam ke lye aese iqdamat inqalab france ki asal roh ke munafi the. Tahum us ki asal mushkilat us ki berone yurshon ke natije me paida huin.
1802 me amnes ke muqam pr napoleon ne englistan ke sath ek aman muahide pr dastakhat kye jis se karib ek dahai jari rehne wale jango jadal ke bad france ko sukh ka sans nasib hua. Lekin agle hi baras is muahide ki tansikh kar di gai or france ki englistan or or us ke halifon se tawil jangen shuru ha gain. Napoleonki fojo ko zamini jangon me musalsal kamyabian hasil hui. Lekin englistan ko shikast dene ke lye us ki behria ko mat dena naguzer tha. Badqismati se 1805 me trafilger ki zabardast jang me englistan ki beharah ko napoleon pr ek numaya fatah hasil hui. Bad azan panion pr englistan ki hukmarani muslim ho gai. Trafilger ki shikast ke faqat 6 mah bad hi napoleon ko austerlines ke muqam pr austeria or rosi fojon ke khilaf ek numaya kamyabi hasil hui, tahum ye us ki behri shikast ka madawa na ho saki.
1808 me napoleon ne qadre naaqibat andeshana andaz me khud ko jazira hae abirin ke sath tawil jang me uljha dya. Jis me francici fojen barson masrof rahin. Tahum napoleon ki sab se bari bewaqufi us ki rosi meham thi. 1807 me napoleon ki zar se mulaqat hui. Talsast ke muahide me unhon ne dosti ka peman kya. Lekin batadrij te istrakl shikast or rekht ka shikar hua. June 1812 me napoleon apni fojon ke sath ros me dakhil ho gya.
Nataij se hum sabhi agah hain. Rosi fojon ne napoleon se larne me ahtraz kya or use tezi se paish qadmi ka moka dya. September tak us ne masko pr qabza kar lya tahum rosion me shehar ko aag laga kar tabah kar dya. Masko me 5 hafte intazar karne ke bad (is besamar umid ke tehat k rosi aman ke lye altamas karen ge) napoleon ne wapsi ka faisla kya. Lekin tab boht dair ho chuki thi. Rosifojrosi masam sarma or francici foj ki nakafi rasd ke ishtarak ne isi wapsi ko shikast ki hazimat me badal dya. Puri francici froj ka 10 % se bhi kam hisa hisa wapas ane me kamyab hua.
Digar europi mumalik jese australia or proshia wagera ne jan lya k un ke pas ab francici gulami ka jua utar penkne ka behtrin moka hai. unhon ne napoleon ke khilaf itehad qaim ki. Natijatan october 1813 me lepzak ki jang me napoleon ko mazid ek shikast fash ka samna hua. Agle hi baras us ne istafa dya or itlay ke sarhadi elaqe me ek chote se jazire alba me jilawatan ho gya.
1815 me wo alba se farar ho kar france wapas aya jahan use khus amdid kaha gya or iqtadar pr qabiz ho gya. Foran hi digar europi mumalik ne jang ka elan kar dya. Us ki bahali ke 100 dino bad hi use “waterlo” me mukamal shikast se do char hona para “waterlo” ki jang ke bad bartanwi foj ne napoleon ko sent helina me qed kar dya. Jo berah oqyanos ros ke janub me ek chota sa jazira hai. wahan wo cencer ke arze me lahiq ho kar 1821 me janbahaq hua.
Napoleon ki askari zindagi me tanaqzat ka tomar mojud hai. us ki shakirana chalon ka wasf heran kun tha. Is bunyad pr us ke qad kath ka tain kya jae to wo tarikh ka sab se bara sipasalar sabit hota hai. lekin wasi tar hikmat amli ikhteyar karne me us ne gair mamoli tor pr sangin galtian bhi kin jese misar or ros pr us ke hamle. Us ke askari faisle is qadar khata kun hain k napoleon kisi tor pr foji qaidin ki sif a3al me shumar nahi kya ja sakta. Tahum ye bat mere khyal me gair munasib hai. beshak kisi bhi sipasalar ki azamt ka ek mayar us ki galtion se ahtraz karne ki ahliyat bhi hai. sikandare azam, changez khan or temorling wagera ki fojon ko kabhi shikast ka samna nahi hua. Darasal akhri jang me napoleon ko shikast hui. So us ki tamam beroni fatohat sarial zawal sabit huin. 1815 me us ki akhri shikast ke bad france ke qabza me unelaqo ka boht kam hisa baqi reh gya jo 1789 me inqalab ke waqt us ne shamil tha.
Napoleon ek khud parast insan tha. Us ka mawazna amoman hitler se kya jata hai. lekin un dono me ek aham ikhtalaf bhi hai. hitler ki tehrik ka bunyadi mohrik ek holnak falsafa tha. Napoleon to ek pur josh insan tha aese khon rez hangame bapa karne me use kabhi dilchaspi nahi rahi. Na hi napoleon ke dor me hitler ki aqobat gahon jesi koi she thi.
Napoleon ki bepayan maqboliyat us ki asar angezi se mutaliq galat rae qaim karne ka imkan paida karti hai. us ke qalilul mayad asarat bebaha hain. Galiban sikandare azam se bhi kahin zyada. Lekin ye hitler se behre kef kam hain (ye andaza lagaya gya hai k taqriban 5 lakh francici foji napoleon ki jangon me halak hue, jabke us ke muqable me karin 80 lakh foji dosre jange azim ke doran halak hue). Is hawale se napoleon ke iqdamat ne hitler ki nasbat apne hamasaron ki zindagion me kahin kam inteshar paida kya.
Tawilul miyad asarat ke hawale se napoleon ki ahmiyat hitler se zyada hai go sikandar se boht kam. Napoleon ne france me wasi intazami tabdilian kin. Lekin france dunya ki abadi ke 70th hise se bhi kam hai. kisi bhi waqo me in intezami tabdilion ko ek munasib tanazar me samjhne ki zarorat hai. un ke francicion ki infradi zindagion pr akhri do sadion me hone wali beinteha takniki tabdilion ki nasbat kahin kam asarat hain.
Ye rae di gai hai k napoleon ke dor ne inqalab france ke doran hone wali tabdilion ko mazbot bunyadon pr istawar hone ka chara kya or francici borzwa tabqa ke haslat ek thos haqiqat bane. 1815 me jab francici badshahat ki azsar no bahali hui. Ye tabdilian yun thos bunyadon pr qaim ho chuki thin k qadim dor ke samaji nizam ki istawarai nomuhal thi. Tahum intehai aham tabdilian napoleon se pehle hi waqo pazir huin. 1799 me jab napoleon ne pana ohda sanbhala to ye istawari waqatan gair mumkin malom hoti thi. Khud napoleon me shehanshah bane ki shadid khwahis mojud thi. Lekin us ne inqalab france ke tasawerat ko europe bhar me phelane me aham kirdar ada kya.
Napoleon me go bilwasta andaz me hi sahi magar latini americi tarikh pr bar ghehre asarat chore. Spain pr us ke hamle ne haspanwi hakumat ko is darja kamzor kar dya k ainda kai barso ke lye wo latini america me apni ciolonyon pr apni girft kho bethi. Isi door me latini america me khud mukhtari ki taarikh ka agaz hua.
Napoleon ke iqdamat me se ek iqdamjis ne aglaban intehai dorras or aham nataij bapa kye, us ke tamam bunyadi mansubon se karib gair mutaliq tha. 1803 me napoleon ne ek bara khata arazi america ko frokht kya. Us ne andaza lagaya k shumali america me francici maqbozat ko bartanwi hamlon se mehfoz rakhna dushwar hoga. Nez ye k wo kam nafa bakhsh bhi thin. Laosiyana ki farokht galiban tarikh alam me kisi bhi khite ka sab se bara pur aman intaqal tha. Is inteqal ne america ko ek bareazam ke volume ki qom bana dya. Ye kehna dushwar hai k is “laosyana farokht” ke bagair aaj america ki sorate hal kya hoti. Lekin behre tor mojuda sorate hal yaqinan boht mukhtalif hoti. Ye amar bhi mushtaba hai k aya is farokht ke bagair america ek azim taqat ban sakta tha ya nahi?

Bilashuba “laosyana farokht” ke lye napoleon wahid zimedar tha. Americi hakumat ne bhi ek ben kirdar ada kya. Darasal francici paishkash aesi maqol thi k koi bhi hakumat hoti wo ise kabol kar leti. Laosyana khite ki farokht ka faisla jis wahid shakhs ki soch ka marhone minat hai wo napoleon bona part hai.
 
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