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Nicholas August Otto was born in 10 June 1832 in Germany. He was one of the famous scientist and engineer of his time. Nicholas August Otto was first one who introduced the first combustion engine, which was worked done to consume the fuel. He was died on 26 January 1891. In this page you will find and read biography of Nikolaus August Otto in Urdu Hindi and Roman Urdu.
nikolaus august otto invention, nikolaus august otto biografia.

Nicholas August Otto
(Biography Of Nicholas August Otto)

 

His services in the field science

Nicholas august Otto german mojid tha, jis ne 1876 me dakhli afrokhgti wala char strok ka engine banaya. Ye ankarorha engines ka ibtadai namuna tha jo aaj tak tayar ho rahe hain.
Dakhli afrokhti wala engine ek hama sift ala hai. ye kashtiyon or motor cycles me istamal hota hai. is ke asanati istamal boht zyada hain. Jabke hawai jahaz ki ejad ke lye is ka kirdar bunyadi ahmiyat ka hamil tha. (1939 me pehle “jeet” hawai jahaz ki uran se qabal tamam hawai dakhli farokhti wala engines ki madad se outo ke asolon ke mutabiq hi chal rahe the). Behre kef dakhli farokhti wala engine ka sab se aham istamal motor caron me hua.
Auto ki kamyab kawish se pehle motor car banane ki mutadid kawishen ho chuki thin. Segfraids marks (1875), aetili lenoir (1862) or joseph kogant (17690 engine ke aese namune banane me kamyab ho gae the, jo bhag sakte the, lekin munasib engine ki adam mojudgi me jo kam wazan hone ke sath zyada tawanai paida kar sake. In me se koi namuna amli tor pr kamyab na ho saka. Tahum auto ke 4 strok wale engine ki tayari ke bad karib 15 barason me 2 mukhtalif mojidon clark bens or gotleb demlar ne amli or karobari tor pr kamyab carbon banali thin.  Mutadid digar anwa ke engine bhi in caron me istamal hue hain. Aesa mumkin hai k mustaqbil me caren dhani engine, barqiyati battery ya kisi dosre zarye se chalai jaen. Gujishta sadi me jo lakhon caren tayar hui hain in me se 99% caron me yahi dakhli afrokhgti wala 4 strok ka engine istamal hua hai. (dissel engine, dakhli farokhgti wala engine ki ek behtar qisim hai jo trucks, buses or behri jahazon me istamal hota hai ye auto ke 4 strok wale chakar ki bunyad pr hi kaam karta hai. tahum is me tel ke dakhol ke lye ek juda tarkib istamal hoti hai).
Scienci ejadat ki azim aksaryat ko (hathiyaron or gola barod ke istasna ke sath) insan ke lye sodmand taslim kya jata hai. aesa to koi nahi kahe ga k hum refrigerator ya penciline se dast bardar hue hain ys in ke istamal pr pabandi hai. in zati caron ke wasi tar istamal ki qabahaten bilkul wazah hain. Ye shor or aludgi paida karti hai, tel ke wasail me kami or har sal hadsat me mutadid logon ke marne ya zakhmi ho jane ka bais banti hain.
Zahir hai k agar hamen in garion se afada na hasil ho to hum kab in ke istemal ko mustard qarar de chuke hote. Niji gariyan awami transport se kahin zyada tadad me hain. Rel garion ke baraks ek niji gari har jaga aap ko le ja sakti hai or ghar ghar me is saholat se istafada kya ja sakta hai. ye sarial raftar, aram dah hai or zyada saman ko lad leti hai. nez ye hamen ek be nazir andaz me hamari marzi se kisi jaga rehne or apne andaz me waqt guzarne ke intekhab me rukawat nahi banti
Tahum kya ye fawaid is qimat se zyada hain jo ye gari mashre se wasol karti hai? ye ek behas talab sawal hai. tahum is haqiqat se kisi ko “inkar” nahi hoga k gari ne hamari tehzib pr ghehreeee asarat muratab kye hain. Sirf america me hi 180 million se zaid caren zere istamal hain or ek sal me wo man hesul majo 3 crore kharab (3 trillion) mile ka fasla teh karti hain. Ye fasla is majmoi fasla se zyada hai jo is waqfa me pedel, hawai jahaz,rel gari, kashti ya amdoraft ke digar zarae se teh kya jata hai.
In garion ke lye hum ne sectron milon pr mushtamil parking stands or tawil sarken banai hain jabke is amal me tamam zamini manzar badal gya. Is ke badle me gari ne hamen safar ki wo sahulat di hai jis se gujishta naslen mehrom thin. Beshtar car malikan ki sargarmion ka daira kar boht wasi hai jabke aaj wo tamam sahuliyat unhen ba asani muhaiya ho jati hain jin se wo gari ke bagair mehrom hi rehte. Ye hamare intekhab ke daire ko phela deti hai k jahan chahe hum rahen or jo chahe karen. Har gari ki enayat hai k mutadid sahuliyat jo kabhi sheharion ko bhi hasil nahi thin aaj qasbati bashindon ko bhin is ki badolat hasil hain. (halia dhaiyon me qasbat ke phelao ki bunyadi waja bhi yahi hai or isi sabab america me androni sheharon ka zawal hua hai).

Introduction

Nikoles ogistauto germany ke ek qasba holshosan me 1832 me paida hua. Us ka bap us ke bachpan me hi fot ho gya. Auto ek honehar talim ilm tha. Tahum 16 baras ki umar me us ne school ko khairabad keh kar kaam talash kya or karobar ka tajurba hasil kya. Kuch arsa us ne ek chote qasba me ek pansari ki dukan pr bhi kaam kya. Phir wo frenkfert me clerk bharti hua. Bad azan wo ek safar bardar tajir ban gya.

As a scientist

1860 me auto ne aetini lenior (1822-1900) ke ejad karda gass engine ke bare me suna. Ye pehla mutehrik dakhli afrokhtgi wala engine tha. Auto ko mehsos hua k agar lenior ke engine me siyal tel istamal kya jae to is ke istamalat me izafa ho sakta hai. nez is me gas ke nikas ka khana bhi nahi rakhna pare ga. Auto ne ek carboretor tayar kya. Tahum use is ejad ke haqoq ki sand nahi di gai. Q k aese hi alat pehle bhi zere istamal the.
Wo mayos na hua. Us ne lenior ke engine ko behtar banane ki tawaja sarf ki. 1861 ke awail me use ek nayi tarha ke engine ka khayal sojha. Jo 4 strok ke tasalsal ke sath chale (ye lenior ke engine se mukhtalif tha jo 2 strok pr chalta tha). January 1862 me auto ne 4 strok ke engine ka ek namuna banaya. Tahum wo mushkilat ka shikar hua. Khas tor pr atish geri ke masle me jo is naye engine ko amli tor pr qabile istamal banane ki rah me hail tha. Us ne use ek taraf dal dya. Is ke bajae us ne ek hawai dabao wala 2 strok engine banaya jo gas ki taqat se chalta tha. 1863 me us ne is ki sand haqoq hasil ki, mali maonat ke lye jald hi use aewogan lengan ki sharakat hasil hui. Unhon ne ek chota karkhana banaya or engine ko behtar banate rahe. 1867 me un ke 2 strok engine ne “peres world fair” me talai tamga hasil kya. Is ke bad is ki farokht inteha pr ja pohnchi. 1872 me unhon ne zahin engineer kotleb demlar ko apne karkhane ki intazamia me shamil kya ta ke wo engine me un ki maonat kare.
Agarcha 2 strok engine se munafa bepayan wasol hua lekin auto apne zehan se 4 strok engine ka khayal nikal saka jo asal me wo banana chahta tha. Use yakin tha k ek 4 strok ke engine jo tel or hawa ke amize ko atish geri amal se pehle bhench deta tha, lenior ke 2 strok engine me kisi bhi behtar tarmim ki nasbat zyada mosar sabit ho sakta tha. 1876 ke awail me auto ne aliakhir atish geri ka ek behtar nizam tayar kya. Is se wo amli tor pr kamyab 4 strok engine banane ka ahal hua. Aesa pehla namuna 1876 me tayar hua. Agle baras us ne ejad ki sand haqoq hasil kar li. 4 strok engine ki ala tarin istadad or karkardgi wazah thi. Use foran hi tijartib satah pr kamyabi hasil hui. Sirf agle 10 barson me aese 30,000 engine frokht hue. Jabke lenior ke engine ke tamam namune matrok ho gae.
4 strok engine ke auto ki german sand haqoq pr 1886 me muqadma chala. Ye moqif ikhtayar kya gya tha k ek framcici alfons biody rokas ne aesa hi ek namuna 1862 me ikhtara kya tha or is ki sand haqoq hasil ki thi. (hamen ye nahi sochna chahye k biody rokas koi asar angez shakhsiyat thi. Us ki ejad kabhi bazar me nahi aai, na kabhi us ne aesa koi namuna tayar kya, or na hi auto ne apni ejad ke lye us se khayal mustar lya). Kisi motabar sand ki adam mojudgi me auto ka idara paisa banata raha. 1891 me wo ek aesho aram ki zindagi guzar kar fot hua.
Is doran me 1882 me gotleb demlar idare se kinara kash ho gya. Wo auto ke engine ko garion me istamal karne ka irada rakhta tha. 1883 tak us ne ek behtrin atish ger nizam ejad kya (wahi jo aaj zere istamal hai) jis se per mint 700 se 900 tak zarb lagti thi. (auto ke namunon ki istada 200 se 1800 zerb per mint thi). Mazid ye k demlar ne ek boht taraqi yafta halke wazan ka engine tayar kya. 1885 me us ne apna ek engine bycycle se jora or dunya ki pehli motorcycle tayr ki. Agle baras demlar ne ek 4 weels wali gari tayar i. bad azan ye malom hua k clark benz ne bazi mar li thi. Us ne si se faqat 3 mah qabal ek 3 weels wali gari tayar kar li thi. Demlar hi ki tarha benz ki car auto ke 4 strok engine hi ke ek namune se chalti thi. Benz ka engine 1 mint me 400 zarbat ki istadad rakhta tha. Tahum is se us ki gari qabile amal ho gai. Benz ne rafta rafta use behtar banaya or chand barson me hi use bazar me frokht ke lye le aya. Gotleb demlar ne benz se kuch arsa bad apni caron ki farokht shuru ki. Tahum use bhi kamyabi hui. (akhir demlar or benz ke idare baham zam ho gae. Is naye idare ne marof mercides benz motor caren tayar kin).
Garion ki tarikh me ek or marof hasti ka zikar zarori hai. ye americi mojid or sanat kar henry ford tha jis ne pehli bar kam narkhon pr bari tadad me motor caren tayar kin.

Dakhli farokhti wale engone or motor gari bepayan ahmiyat ki hamil ejadat thin. Agar is tamam taraqi ka sehra kisi ek shakhs ke sar bandha ja sake to us ka shumar yahan sarefehrist hona chahye. Tahum is tamam peshe raft ke ejaz ko in chand afrad me taqsim kar dena chahye. Lenior, auto, demlar or ford. In tamam me auto ka hisa albata sab se zyada hai. lenior ka engine na taqat or na istadad kar me hi motor garion ke lye munasib tha. Auto ke engine ne har kami puri ki. 1876 se pehle jab auto ne apna engine ejad kya, ek qabile amal motor gari ki tayari namumkin thi. Lekin 1876 ke bad ye nagazir ho gai. Nicholas august otto baja tor pr jadid dunya ke memaron me se ek hai.