Nicolaus Copernicus History in Hindi
(Biography Of Nicolaus Copernicus)

 
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Nicolaus Copernicus was born on 19 February 1473 and died on 24 May 1543 at the age of 70 on Poland. He formulated heliocentric model of the universe, at which he place the Sun, rather then the Earth at the center. He works in the field of mathematics, astronomy. Economics, canon law and medicine. In this page you will find and read Nicolaus Copernicus biography in urdu hindi and Roman Urdu.

Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun

Nicolaus Copernicus University in torun Poland
Address : Jurija Gagarina 11 Nicolaus Copernicus University 87-120 Torun Poland
Phone # +48 56 611 40 10


Poland ka azim huiyat dan nakolas Copernicus( jis ka polish nam mekolaj coparnek hai) polend me daryae wastoda ke karib toron ke shehar me 1473 me paida hua. Wo ek khate pite gharane ka chashmo chirag tha. Nojawani me wo kirakod university me dakhil hua jahan use ( astronomy ) me dilchaspi paida hui. Phir wo Italia chala gya jahan bologna or padwa universties me us ne qanon or tib ki talim hasil ki. Bad azan frara university se kalisai qanon me doctor ki degree hasil ki. Copernicusne apni jawani ka beshtar hisa fraon barg ke kalisa ke amle ke rukun ke tor pr basar kya jahan wo padarion ki majlis ek mukun tha. Wo kabhi ek Peshawar huiyatdan na ban saka jabke wo azim kaam jis ke bais use is darja toqir mili us ne apne farig oqat me hi saranjam dya.

Italia me apne qayam ke doran Copernicusunani falsafi orstarkas of semos (tisri sadi qabal masih ) ke is tasawer se mutarif hua k zamin or digar planet suraj ke gird ghomte hain. Copernicusis shamsiul markaz mafroze ki dursti ka qail ho gya. Karib 40 baras ki umar me us ne apne karibi rafqa me hath se likha hua ek kitabcha taqsim kya jo is mozo pr us ke apne tasawerat ki ibtedai sorat ka izhar tha. Copernicusne apni azim kitab “falkiyati ajsam ki gardish pr ek nazar” ( de revolutionibus orbium coelestium ) ki tayari ke lye zarori mushahidat or adado shumar ke hasol ke lye barso sarf kye. Is kitab me us ne apne nazarye ko biltasfil bayan kya or us ke lye shawahid bhi paish kye.         

1533 me jab wo 60 baras ka tha us ne rome me lecture dye jin me us ne apne nazarye ke bunyadi nikat bayan kye. Tahum 70 baras ki umar ko pohnchne se kuch hi pehle us ne alia akhir apni kitab ko shaa karne ka hatmi faisla kya. 24 may 1543 ko jo us ki wafat ka din tha use apni kitab ki jild matbah se wasol hui.

Is kitab me Copernicusne wazah alfaz me bayan kya k zamin apne axes pr ghomti hai. chand zamin ke gird gardish karta hai or ye k zamin or digar planets suraj ke gird ghomte hain. Tahum apne peshron ki manind us ne naqiz andaz me nizame shamsi ka khaka banaya. Wo apne is khayal pr bhi galti pr tha k madar mukhtalif dairon ya chote dairon pr mushtamil hota hai. us ka nazarya na sirf riyaziyati tor pr pechida tha balke gair durst bhi tha. Tahum us ki kitab ne foran hi logon ki tawaja hasil kar li. Us se digar huiyatdanon ko bhi tehrik hui jin me sab se aham denmark ka azim huiyatdan taiko bakh tha jis ne planets ki gardish ka durst mushahida kya. Taiko ne mushahidati adado shumar ki bunyad pr hi johens kepler akhir planets ki harkat ke sahi tarin qawanin wzah karne me kamyab hua.

Agarcha orstarkas of semos ne Copernicusse karib 17 sadian beshtar shamsiul markaz mafroza paish kar dya tha. Lekin yahi behtar hai k us ka sehra Copernicuske sar bandha jae.

Orstarkas ne to ek durst qayas aria kit hi or kabhi use munasib tafsil ke sath paish nahi kya k jis se ye scienci aetabar se kar amad ho pata. Jab Copernicusne is riyaziyati mafroza pr tafsil se kaam kya to us ne ise ek karamad scienci nazarya ki sorat di. Yani aesa nazarya jis ki bunyad pr peshangoi ki ja sakti thi or jis ki falkiyati mushahidat ke hawale se parakh ho sakti thi or jis ka mawazna bamani andaz me is dairina nazarya se kya ja sakta tha jis ki ro se mazin kainat ka markaz thi.

Ye wazah hai k Copernicus ke nazarya ne hamen kainat ke mutaliq tasawer me inqalabi tarmim ki balke hamare tamam falsufyana nuqtae nazar me bunyadi tabdilian paida kin. Lekin Copernicuski qadaro muzilat ka tain karte hue ye amar zahan nashin rehna chahye k ilm huiyat me amli itlaqat ki is darja gunjaish nahi hai jo physic, chemistry or biology ko hasil hai. bat yun hai k aap Copernicuske nazaryat se agahi lye ya un ka atlaq kye bagair television, motor car ya jadid kimyavi karkhana bhi tayar kar sakte hain.(lekin fraday, max well, leoyaizar or Newton ke nazaryat ka atlaq kye bagair aesa mumkin nahi hai).

Agar technology pr Copernicus ke barae rast asarat ka tajzia kya jae to hum us ki ahmiyat ko nahi jan paen ge. Copernicus ki kitab glaleo or kepler dono ke nazaryat pr ek naguzer tamhidi muqadma hai. ye dono newton ke aham paish ro the. Inhi ki daryafton ki bunyad pr newton harkat or kashish saqal jese qawanin wzah karne me kamyab hua. Tarikhi aetabar se kitab “falkiyati ajsam ki gardish  pr ek nazar” jadid ilm huiyat ka nuqta agaz thi. Zyada aham bat ye hai k ye jadid science ka nuqta agaz thi.
 
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