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Hazrat sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi was born on 1564 at a small village Sirhind, he was a  Islamic Philosopher/ scholar. He belonged from Ashraf family. He received his early education from his father then he he went to Sialkot. In Sialkot he got more knowledge and read some tafsir and hadith. In this Page you will find and read Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi biography in urdu hindi and roman urdu.

Hazrat Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi (R.A).  (1564-1624)

(Biography)

 

Ap 26 june 1564 ko masriki Punjab k eek muqam sirhind me paida howay. Ibtadai taleem ghar per mukamal ki, in ke walid sheikh abdul-ahad ne inhe tasuf ki aleem di kiyon-ke wo khud ek baray sufi buzurg thay. Sheikh ahmed ne ibtadai umer me hi Quran Kareem hifz ker liya aur ibtadai taleem khatam kernay ke bad lahor aur sialkot se ala taleem hasil ki. Sialkot me inho ne molana kamal-uddin kashmiri aur molana yaqoob kashmiri jese jed ulma-e-karam se kaasb ilm kiya. 36 saal ki umar me wo dehli gae waha in ki mulaqat khuwaja baki-bila se hoi jo naqshbandi silsila se taluq rakhtay thay sheikh ahmed sirhindi ne in sufi buzurg ke hath per bet ki. In ke liye ilm tasuf koi nai baat nahi thi is liye inho ne tezi se apnay murshed se tehsil ilm ker ke tasuf ke ala munzil tee kiyein aur jald hi ala tareenwahdat-alwajod ki manzil tak pohanch gae ap ne 15 December 1624 ko 60 saal ki umer me wafat pai aur sarhani me dafan howa.

Mujaddid alif ki islahat

Jab shehansha akbar ka alhad-had se tajawez ker gaya aur is ne din ilahi ke naam se hindu mat aur Islam ke asolon ko mila ker ek naya muzhab nafiz kernay ki koshish ki to isay nazuk waqt me sheikh ahmed sarhani zer-e-tarbiyat thay. Akbar ki wafat ke bad jab jhangir takht nasheen howa to is ke dor-e-hukumat me sheikh ahmed sirhindi ne apni islahi koshishon ka agaz kiya aur muslim mashray me akbar ko mutarif kerdah tamam ghair Islami akaed aur tarikon ke khatmay ke liye jado-jehad ka agaz kiya.

Sheikh ne khud ko kabhi kisi siyasi tanaza me farik nahi banaya. Inho ne jhangir ke darbari imraa ko khatot likhay jo akbar ke darbar me bhi mojud thay. Is moqay me sheikh ke mukhalfin neb hi apni sargarmiyan taez ker di aur inhon ne sheikh ko ek mulhad ke roop me paish kerna shoru ker diya aur jhangir ko wargala ker isay sheikh ke khilaf karwai kernay ke liye uksaya.jhangir ne sheikh ko qila gawaliyar me 1619 se 1620 tak qaid rakha. Qaid ke doran in ki misali kirdar aur taleemat se dosray qadiyon per gehra asar para aur in ki zindagiyon me inqalab barpa hogaya aur isay wo sab pakiza aur nek zindagi guzarnay lagay. Sheikh ahmed sirhindi ne apna sekro (100 Above) qaidi hindu sathiyaon ko Islam qabool kerwaya. Falsafi shaer Allama Iqbal e bal-e-jibrail me sheikh ko hadya-e-akidat paesh kiya hai. Bila akhir jhangir sahi halat se wakif howa to is ne sheikh ko riha ker diya aur ainda apnay dor-e-hukumat me wo sheikh ka ehtaram kerta raha aur aksar sheikh ki nasihaton ko tasleem kerta raha. Namaz-e-magrib ke bad jhangir aksar digar saa-maen ke hamrah sheikh ke halka me bethta tha jahan mazhabi mumlat per behas mubahsay hotay tha is ne apnay betay shahjahan ko bhi sheikh ka rohani murid banay ki hidayat kit hi.

Mujaddid alif aur nazarya wahidat-ulshahod

Hidustan me 15th aur 16th century me Islam me me nae nae anasir mutarif howay in me se ek tanaza wahidat-ul wajud ke hamiyon aur mukhalfin ke darmiyan paida howa jo abn-e-arbi k eek baray irani harif sheikh Allama alad-oala samnani 1261-1336 ke amad ke bad ziyadah shiddat akhtiyar ker gaya. Abn-earbi ke nazarye se akhtalafat kertay howay alla alaudullah ka ye istad lal tha ke zaat (bashri) aur Bari Tala (noori) ke darmiyan itsal namumkinat me se hai agar cha abdi tor per insane is azeem zaat ka hissa hai lakin is ke ba-wajud khuda insani rooh se juda aur wahidat-ulshahud hai, inho ne apnay paro-karon per zor diya ke wo tabligi muqasid se bhar-pur ek faal zindagi guzaray. Inho ne sakhti se khankaah ki khamoshi aur gaer faali tarz-e-zindagi ki mukhalfat ki.
Baresager me in ke muqaldin me ek numaya naam mujad-dalif sani ka hai.mujad-dalif sani pehlay wahidat-ul wajud ki manzil se guzray jis me inho ne mehsos kiya ke wo khuda ki zaat ka hissa hai aur is ka apna alehda koi wajud nahi. Is manzil se agay barhay to inhe aesa ehsas howa ke in ka wajud khuda ke wajud ka saya hai jo is ke wajud se is tarah alag hai jese kisi madi sha ka saya is se alag hoata hai. Jazb ki in kafiyaton me inho ne tasuf ki mazed manazil the kiyein yahan tak ke inhay ye mehsos howa ke in ka wajud khuda ke wajud se bilkul mukhtalif hai, jis ke honay ka inhasar sirf khuda ki marzi per hai.jo khuda honay ke bawajud khuda ka mahat (bandah) hai. Agar insane alehdah wajud rakhta hai to wok is tarah khuda ke sath itsal mehsos ker skta hai? Goya pehla tajurba galat taswaro’at per mubni tha kiyon ke banday khud isay shidid muhabat aur  is ki shaded khuhaish ki dhun me khud faramoshi ki kefiyat mehsos kerta hai aur isay ye zan hota hai ke wo khuda se juda koi zaat wajud nahi rakhta ta-ham uska ye zany a guman haqiqat me mubni nahi hota.

Sheikh abdul haq

Mugal badsha akbar ked or me sheikh Abdul haq muhdas dehlwi ek qadaawer islahi shakhsiyat ke hamil thay wo 1551 me paida howay aur tasuf ki ibtidai taleem inho ne apnay walid muhtaram sheikh shafi-uddin se hasil ki jo khud ek mukhlis suffi thay. Apni taleem khatam kernay ke bad Abdul haq kuch arsay agra me qiyam pazeer rahay aur faizi se in ke qaribi talukat qaim howay lakin jab inho ne dekha ke faizi in ko darbari ulma me ghasitna chahta hai to wo Hajj kernay ki garz se hajaz rawana hogae, kuch arsa Makkah me inho ne tehsil-e-ilm ke liye guzara aur maloh ke mash’hor alim sheikh abdul wahab matki se faiz hasil kiya jo ke 1555 se makka me qayam pazeer thay.

Madina me sheikh abdul haq takreeban 1 sal tak mukeeem rahe (febuary 1589 se april 1590 tak) wo 1591 me dobarah baresageer wapas tashrif lae is isnaa me woe k balig-ul-nazar alim aur tajurbakar suffi sheikh ki shaksiyat ke hamil hogae thay ayr dosron ki drs-o-tadrees ke laik hogae thay ap ne 28 jne 1642 ko wafat pai.

Sheikh abdul haq ki Islami khidmat
16th ceentur me abu-alfazal ke asrat aur din-eilahi ke talemat nukta urooj tak pohanch chuki thi. Muslim mazhabi rehnuma aur mutnaza akidah ka muqabla kernay ki tayariyan shoru ker chukay thay. Abdul haq ko in ke maki mualim ne apni zindagi Islami talimat aur Aazosh ke liye wakf kernay ki hidayat kit hi lehaza inho ne apni sari salahiyatein aur tawanai bro-e-kar latay howay islahi koshishon ka agaz kiya aur jab khuwaja baki billah Hindustan tashref lae to tableeg islaam ke liye aap ne in ke sath bhar-pur tawun kiya. Ap ne taweel umer pai aur ap ko Islami khidmat anjam denay ke liye kafi wakt mila.

Din-e-ilahi ki tablig kernay walo khas tor per do Islami ikidon ko hadaf banaya ek khatm-e-nabowat ( Harat Muhammad S,A.W ke akhiri pegamber honay ka ikidah) aur dosra jis per inho ne kari zarb lagai wo sharyat ki bala dasti ka akidah tha.sheikh abdu haq ne in do nazaryat ki nisha-tul-saniya per bhar pur tawaja di jis ka sabot in ke bohat se almi kamon se milta hai jin ka taluq faka’hadees’ sirat aur tasuf se tha. is ke ilawa in ke khatot jin me mazhabi mozo’aat per mubahsa kiye gae hain in ki hasiyat mustanad almi karnamay ya mustanid tasanif jesi hai.

Masharti aur sakafati tarikh ke liye khidmat
Is khidmat ke silsilay me jo eham almi    karnamay anjam diye gae is me sheikh abdul haq ka wok hat khosusi ehamiyat ka hamil hai jo inho ne sheikh fareed murtuza ko akbar badsha ke wafat ke foran bad likha tha jis me sheikh ne in awamil ki sahi nishandahi ki hai jo din-e-ilahi ke pas pardah is ki taquwiyat ka bash banay thay aur sath hi inho ne in asbab ko biyan kiya jin ke zer asar muslim sharyat se inharaf kernay ke liye koshan thay. Chand ulma maslan sheikh mubarak aur is do larkay abu fazal aur faizi is bat bat per yaqeen rakhtay thay ke badshahat aur rohani qiyadat ka imtitazaj akbar siyasi taqat barhanay me bari had tak madad-gar sabit hoga akbar ne sabot milnay ya otar bannay ka dawa kiya thaw o ek madah parast shaks tha aur ziyadah izat-o-waqar e hasol ka khuwaish mand tha aur chahta tha ke womutalik-ulannan amaar ban jae. Abdul haq ne baja tor per is barhtay howay khatra ki bu songg li.

Kitab aur siraat
Akidah risalat aur Hazarat Muhammad S.A.W ke ala muqam ko deen ilahi ke daiyon ne yaksar nazar andaz ker diya tha. sheikh abdul haq ne ye dekh ker ye faisla kiya ke wo sirat per ek ser hasil kitab likhay farsi me likhay ge jis ka naam “madraj-ul-nabuwat hoga is ke mukhtasir tamhid me sheikh ne likha kke mojudah shar angrezi ki fiza me awam Hazrat Muhammad S.A.W ke ala warfa moqam ka sahi tor per tayun kernay laik nahi rahay is liye ba-hesiyat muslim ye mera  farz banta hai ke me ek kitab likhon jis me Imam-ul-Anbiya ki hayat-e-tayyaba aur osaf-e-hameed tafsilan biyan kiye jae.

Akhbar-ul akhyar
Sab se ziyadah mustanad aur laik tehsin karnama hai jo sheikh abdul haq ne anjam diya.1590 me sheikh abdul haq ne akhbar ul akhyar fi israr-ul barar ki talif ki. Is kitab me 552 sofiya akram ke baray me na qada na mukhtasar biyanat qalam-band kiye gae hain aur ye her tarah se mustanad aur sahi tasleem kiye gatay hain. is ko farsi adab ki ek maya naz aur nehayat behtar asloob me likhi hoi kitab samjha jata hai.