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Simon Bolivar was born on 24 July 1783 belong from a small village of Basque country. He was military and also a political leader who played an important role during the independence of Latin America, when Spanish empire captured in Latin America when he supported his nation and did a lot of struggle to make an independent country for his nation, he was died on 4 may 1830. In this page you will find and read Simon Bolivar biography in Urdu Hindi and Roman Urdu.
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Simon Bolivar

(Biography Of Simon Bolivar)

 

Birth Date : 24th July 1783

Death Date : 17th December 1830

Simon Bolivar ki 5 janubi americi mumalik (colombia, venezuela, ecuador,peru or bolivia) ki haspanwi raj se azadi ki jang me aham kirdar ada karne ki bina pr “junobi america ka george washington” kaha jata hai. kam hi tarikhi hastion ne Simon Bolivar se zyada kis ek bareazam ki tarikh me bunyadi kirdar ada kya ho ga.
Bolior venzila ke shehar kara kas me 1783 me haspanwi nasal ashrafia ke ek khandan me paida hua, 9 baras ki umar me wo bap ke saya atfat me se mehrom ho gya. Apne ibtadai barson me bolior francici khurd afrozi ki tehrik ke tasawerat se had darja mutasir hua. Jin falsafa ki tehriren us ne bagor parhin un me jan lak, roso, walier or motansikio shamil hain.
Nojawani me us ne mutadid europi mulk ki ser ki. 1805 me rom me “aewantain bel” ki choti pr beth kar bolior me apna marof ahad kya tha k jab tak wo apni abai sar zamin haspanion se azad nahi karwa leta, wo chen se nahi bethe ga.
1808 me napoleon bona part se haspania pr hamla kya, or haspanwi saltanat ke sar barah ke tor pr apne bhai ko mutaaain kya. Haspanwi shahi khandan ko siyasi tor pr be asar kar ke napoleon ne janubi americi colonion ko ye moka fraham kya tha k wo apni siyasi khud mukhtari ke lye uth khare hon.
Wenzila me haspanwi iqtadar ke khilaf ahtajaj ka agaz 1810 me hua. Jab wenzila ke haspanwi governer ko bartaraf kar dya gya. 1811 me khud mukhtari ka bazabta elan kya gya. Usi baras bolior inqalabi foj me bator officer bharti hua. Agle baras haspanwi fojon ne wenzila pr phir se qabza kar lya. Inqalab ka sar barah francco meranda giraftar ho gya. Bolior mulk se farar ho gya.
Agle barson me jangon ka ek silsila jari hua. Jis me sangin fatohat ke bad arzi fatohat hasil huin. Tahum bolior ka ahad kabhi kamzor nahi para. 1819 me aham waqya hua, jab bolior haspanwi daston pr hamla karne ke lye apni mukhtasar or khasta hal foj ko daryaon, medanon or indien ke buland pahari daron me se guzar kar colambia le gya. Wahan us ne 7 august 1819 ko “bawekaka” ki aham jang jeeti. Ye jadojehad ki tehrik me faisla kun mor tha. 1821 me wenzila ne azadi hasil ki. Or 1822 me aekeodor ne is doran me arjantain ke muhabat watan moze d san martan ne chali or  arjantain ko haspanwi iqtadar se azadi dilwai. Or phir pero ki azadi ke lye jut gae. Dono azadi ke rehnuma 1822 ke mosam me aekeodor me “gaya keol” me mile. Tahum wo haspanwi raj ke khilaf apni jadojehad me muawanat or do tarfa shamoliyat ke lye kisi ek mansube pr mutafiq rae na ho sake. San martan pur josh bolior se iqtadar ki jang shuru karna nahi chahta tha. Us ne apne ohde se istafa dya or janubi america se mukamal dast bardar ho gya. 1824 me bolior ko fojon ne mojuda pero ke lye azadi hasil kar li. 1825 me balai pero (jise aaj “boliwia” kehte hain) me haspanwi fojon ko paspa kya.
Wo riyasat hae mutehda america ki misal se boht mutasir tha. O isi tarz pr janubi americi aqwam ki ek anjuman tashkil dena chahta tha. Darasal wenzila, colambia or aekeodor ek azim colambia ki jamhoria ki sorat me yakja ho chuke the. Jis ka sadar bolior tha. Bad qismati se shumali americi colonion ki nasbat janubi america me markaz gurez rujhanat kahin zyada ishtadad pr the. Jab 1826 me bolior ne haspanwi americi riyasaton ka ajlas talab kya to sirf 4 aqwam se labaik kahi, phir bajae is ke k mazid aqwam azim colambia se alhaq karen is me pehle se mojud riyasaten alehdah hone lagin. Khana jangi shuru ho gai or 1828 me bolior ko qatal karne ki koshish ki gai. 1830 tak wenzila or aekeodor taham qata taluq ho chuke the. Bolior ne mehsos kya k wo khud hi aman ke qayam ki rah me hail ho raha hai. 1830 april ke mahine me us ne istafa dya. Usi baras december me mayosi ke alam me us ka inteqal hua. Wo kasamparsi ki halat me apne abai watan wenzila se jila watan tha.
Bolior ek pur josh insan tha. Baqadar taqazae waqt us ne amarana kirdar bhi ada kya. Lekin jahan intekhab ka mamla hua us ne apni zati khwahishat pr awami falah or jamhoriyat ke maqsad ko tarjih di, or hatmi tor pr apne amarana ikhtayarat ko tej dene se gurez na kya. Use takht nashini ki bhhi peshkash hui lekin us ne use rad kar dya. Yakinan us ne mehsos kya k ye nam “azadi dehanda” jo use marhamt kya gya tha kisi bhi shahi ejaz se barh kar hai.
Is me kalam nahi hai k haspanwi america ko coloniyati iqtadar se azadi dilane me us ka kirdar aham hai. us ne tehrik ko nazaryati rehnumai muhaiya ki. Us ne maqole likhe, ek akhbar jari kya, taqarir kin or makatib raqam kye. Wo is jadojehad ke lye mali imdad ke hasol me tandhi se juta raha. Wo bunyadi tor pr inqalabi foj ka aham sarbarah tha.

Tahum bolior ko ek azim sipasalar qarar dena shayad munasib na ho. Wo fojen jinhen us ne shikast di na volume me bari thi na behter tor pr tarbiyat yafta thin. Khud jangi hikmat amli pnane or askari chalbaziyan dikhane ke hunar me wo pedel hi tha (ye bat bhi tajub khez nahi hai k us ne kabhi koi foji tarbiyat hasil nahi ki). In tamam namasad halat me bolior ne apni tamam khamion ka mjadawa ek thos irade ke sath kya. Haspanwi saltanat ki har fatah k bad jab baqi harif fojen jang se dast bardar hone me afiyat mehsos karti thin, bolior har bar apni fojon ko az sarno mujtanah karta, or phir se jadojehad shuru kar deta.