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Thomas Edison was born in 11 February 1847 his actual name was Thomas Alva Edison. His father name was Port Huron and her mother name was Michigan. He was the inventor who invented many devices like electric light bulb and motion picture camera etc, Thomas Edison was died on 18 October 1931. In this page you will find and read Thomas Edison biography in hindi and Roman Urdu.
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Thomas Edison

(Biography Of Thomas Edison)

 

Birth Date : 11th February 1847

Death Date : 18th October 1931

Thomas Edison inventions

  • phonograph
  • mimeograph
  • electric power distribution
  • carbon microphone
  • movie camera
  • incandescent light bulb
  • phonograph cylinder
  • telegrafo quadruplex

Hamagir mojid thoms adisan alwa addres ohio ke qasbe melan me 1847 me paida hua. Us ne faqat 3 mah bazabta talim hasil ki jis ke bad us ke school ke ustad ne use zaiful zehan qarar de ke kharij kar dya.
Adisan ki awalin ejad watt shumar karne wala barqi ala thi jo us ne 21 baras ki umar me tayar ki. Ye bilkul nahi biki. Jis se wo aesi ashya ki ejad ki taraf mutawaja hua jin ke mutaliq us ka khyal tha k ye bazar me ache damon bik sakti thin. Pehli ejad ke thore hi arse bad us ne bazar hasas ke lye ek behtar narkh numa ala ejad kya jo 40000 dollar me bika. Us dor me ye ek bari khatir raqam thi. Is ke bad ejadaat ka tanba bandh gya. Adisan ko shohrat bhi mili or dolat bhi. Galiban us ki sab se haqiqi ejad phono graph thi. 1877 me us ne is ki sand haq ejad ki thi. Dunya ke lye albata us ki zyada aham ejad amli tor pr dhakta hua roshan bulb thi jo 1879 me waqa hui.
Barqiyati roshni ka nizam paida karne wala adisan pehla admi nahi tha. Chand salon se peres me barqi qosi lamp galyon me ropshni ke lye istemal ho rahe the. Lekin adisan ke balb or us ke ejad karda barqi tawanai ki taqsim ke nizam ne barqi roshni ki amomi gharelo istamal ke lye mumkin bana dya tha. 1882 me is idare ne newyork city me gharon me istemal ke lye barqi tawanai paida karni shuru kar di. Bad azan barqiyat ka gharelo istamal dunya me aam ho gya.
Adisan ne gharelo istemal ke lye barqi tawanai ke taqsim kar idare ki dag bel dal kar darasal ek bari sanat ki taraqi ki rah hamwar ki thi. Behre kef aaj hum sirf barqi roshni ke lye hi is tawani ko baroe kar nahi late balke use mukhtalif barqiyati alat jese tv set se le kar kapre dhone ki machine tam ke istamal karte hain. Mazid ye k barqiyati tawanai ki frahami ke lye adisan ke qaim karda idare ne is tawanai ke sanati istamal ko bhi taqwiyat di.
Adisan ne mutehrik filmon ke camron or projectors ko behter banane ke lye bhi boht kaam kya. Us ne telephone me bhi aham izafe kye (us ke carbon ala tarsil ke sabab is ki samat paziri me izafa hua), tar barqi nizam or type writer me bhi izafe kye. Us ki digar ejadat me amla gir ala, memo graph or dry cell shamil hai. majmoi tor pr adisan ne 1000 se zaid ejadat ke haqoq hasil kye. Ye ek gair mamoli tadad hai. adisan ki is heran kun paidawar istadad ki ek waja ye thi k us ne shuru me hi new gersy ke elaqa menlo park me ek tehaqiqi tajurba gah qaim kar li thi jahan us ne mawonat ke lye chand ahal mawonen bharti kar rakhe the. Ye un jasim tehqiqi tajurba gah ka ibtadai namuna thi jo aaj mutadid sanati idaron ne qaim kar rakhi hain. Jadid or arasta or perasta tehqiqi tajurba gah “adisan ki tanzim” jahan boht se log mushtarka tor pr kaam karte, bajae khud is ki sab se aham ejad thi jis ki sand haq wo hasil nahi kar sakta tha.
Adisan mehaz ek mojid hi nahi tha wo paidawari sargarmion me bhi masrof tha or us ke mutadid sanati companies mitshkil kin, in me sab se aham company bad azan gernal electric company ke nam se marof hui.
Agarcha wo wo taban ek sacha scientist nahi tha lekin us ne ek aham scienci daryaft bhi ki. 1882 me us ne drayaft kya k ek khala me do taron ke bich jo ek dosre ko choe bagair tani hon, barqi lehar ka bahao ruk jata hai. is mazhar ko adisan ka asar kaha jata hai. us ki na sirf nazaryati ahmiyat boht zyada hai balke us ke amli itlaqat ki tadad bhi kam nahi. Ye daryaft khala amez nalki ki tayari ka paish khema or barqiyati sanat ka bunyad sabit hui.
Apni beshtar zindagi me adisan zaf samaat ka shikar raha. Is zaf ka midar us ki apni beinteha mehnat koshi se kya. Us ki do shadian huin (pehli biwi jawani me hi chal basi) dono biwion se us ke 3 3 bache hue. 1931 me wo new jersey me west orange ke muqam pr fot hua.
Adisan ka khudadad johar shako shuba se manza hai. mahirin mutafiq hain k wo dunya ke azim tarin mojidon me se tha. Us ki kamyab ejadat ki fehrist heran kun hai. halanke ye aglab qayas hai k is me se beshtar ejadat ko 30 barson me dosre mojidon ne behtar banaya. Tahum agar hum us ki ejadat ka infradi tor pr tajzia karen to hum dekhen ge k un me se koi ek bhi haqiqi ahmiyat ka hamil nahi hai. misal ke tor pr dekhne wala roshan bulb agarcha aam istemal hota hai lekin ye jadid zindagi ka ek naguzer jazu nahi hai flory lamp bhi jo ek yaksar mukhtalif asol pr kaam karta hai aam istemal me ata hai. agar hamare pas barqi bulb na bhi hote to hamari roz mara zindagi pr is se kuch zyada asar na parta. In ke istemal se boht pehle mom batiyan, tel ke lamp or gass ke qamqame roshni ke ek qabile itminan maqol zarya ki hesiyat se zere istamal the.

Phono graphy albata ek bepayan ala hai lekin aesa koi dawa nahi kya ja sakta k us ne hamari zindagion ko is darja mutasir kya hai jitna radio, tv ya telephone ke kya halya barson me awaz mehfoz karne ke qati mukhtalif tariqe daryaft kar lye gae hain. Jese maqnatisi tap recorder, agar phono graph ys tap recorder na bhi hota to hamari zindagion pr bhi khuc khas asar na parta. Adisan ki mutadid ejadat darasal digar afrad ki ejad karda or qabile istemal halat me mojud ashya me mutaliqa izafon se munsalik hain. Aese izafe agarcha sodmand sabit hue lekin tarikh ke ijtamai namzar nama me inhen bunyadi ahmiyat hasil nahi hui. Apne tor pr adisan ki koi ejad agarcha bepayan ahmiyat ki hamil nahi hai lekin hamen ye haqiqat framosh nahi karni chahye k us ne koi ek ejad nahi ki balke ye 1000 se zaid hain.